Senecae traged[iae] cum commento [manuscript].

Seneca, Lucius Annaeus, approximately 4 B.C.-65 A.D.
Standardized Title:
[England, ca. 1360-1370]
155 leaves : parchment ; 246 x 173 (202 x 126) mm. bound to 253 x 175 mm.
Seneca, Lucius Annaeus, approximately 4 B.C.-65 A.D. -- Criticism and interpretation.
Seneca, Lucius Annaeus, approximately 4 B.C.-65 A.D. Tragedies -- Criticism and interpretation.
Latin drama (Tragedy) -- Early works to 1800.
Manuscripts, Latin -- 14th century.
Manuscripts, Medieval.
Text of 7 of Seneca's tragedies, with commentary by Nicholas Trivet, including: Hippolytus (imperfect at beginning, p. 1-14), Oedipus (p. 14-68), Troades (p. 68-132), Medea (p. 132-185), Agamemnon (p. 185-217), Octavia (p. 217-255), Hercules Oetaeus (imperfect at end, p. 255-309; continued for a few lines in a later hand, p. 310; headings continue, p. 311-316). Octavia was included in manuscripts of Seneca but is now thought to be by a later imitator.
Ms. codex.
Title from spine.
Pagination: Parchment, v (17th-century paper) + 155 + v (17th-century paper) leaves; 1-286, 285-308, 309-316 (pagination on flyleaves); 17th-century pagination in ink, upper outer corners. The citations in the description refer to the numbers that appear on the page.
Layout: Written in 2 columns; ruled in lead; some prickings visible.
Script: Written in a Gothic cursive script by 2 or more hands, contemporary and similar in appearance. There are extensive marginal notes, many of which appear to be later in date than the text, possibly 17th century.
Decoration: Earlier portion of the text (p. 1-120) has extensive rubrication.
Binding: 17th-century vellum. Cover is pulling away from the text at the hinges and spine. The first (paper) quire is loose.
Origin: Written in England, ca. 1360-1370 (Zacour-Hirsch).
There are captions in the top margin of each page; the one on each left-hand page gives Seneca's name, the one on each right-hand page gives the title of the play. These are in a much later hand than the text; they might be 17th century in date and might be in the same hand as the page numbers. Earlier headings, contemporary with the text but mostly trimmed away, are visible after p. 182.
Contains a summary of contents, dated 1646 (p. vii). This summary states that the author of the commentary is anonymous. The attribution to English Dominican scholar Nicholas Trivet is taken from the Zacour-Hirsch Catalogue.
Pages 287-88 and 309-316 are paper; the text on them is in a 17th-century hand. The first quire, consisting of 5 folios preceding p. 1, is also paper.
Many of the leaves are missing portions at the edges due to tearing or to imperfections of the parchment. Only on p. 305-306 does part of the text seem to be missing. A large tear on p. 307-308 has been partially mended.
Penn Provenance:
Formerly owned by antiquary and Church of England clergyman Cox Macro (manuscript listed as Macro 6 in Q. E. Gurney sale catalog).
Probably formerly owned by member of Parliament John Patteson (Q. E. Gurney sale catalog, p. 13).
Formerly owned by antiquary, member of Parliament, and High Sheriff of Norfolk Hudson Gurney, Keswick Hall (Q. E. Gurney sale catalog, p. 13).
Formerly owned by Q. E. Gurney, Bawdeswell Hall, Norfolk (Q. E. Gurney sale catalog, lot 195, p. 59).
Sold at auction as part of Q. E. Gurney's library at Sotheby's (London), 30 March 1936, lot 195.
Formerly owned by English writer Edward Harry William Meyerstein, London.
Sold by Horace G. Commin Ltd. (Bournemouth), 1953.
Cited in:
Described in Zacour, Norman P. and Hirsch, Rudolf. Catalogue of Manuscripts in the Libraries of the University of Pennsylvania to 1800 (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1965), p. 11 (Ms. Latin 51).
Cited as:
UPenn Ms. Codex 77
Trivet, Nicholas, 1258?-1328, commentator for written text.
Macro, Cox, -1767, former owner.
Patteson, John, 1755-1833, former owner.
Gurney, Hudson, 1775-1864, former owner.
Gurney, Q. E. (Quintin Edward), 1883- former owner.
Meyerstein, Edward Harry William, 1889-1952, former owner.
Seneca, Lucius Annaeus, approximately 4 B.C.-65 A.D. Phaedra.
Seneca, Lucius Annaeus, approximately 4 B.C.-65 A.D. Oedipus.
Seneca, Lucius Annaeus, ca. 4 B.C.-65 A.D. Troades.
Seneca, Lucius Annaeus, ca. 4 B.C.-65 A.D. Medea.
Seneca, Lucius Annaeus, ca. 4 B.C.-65 A.D. Agamemnon.
Seneca, Lucius Annaeus, approximately 4 B.C.-65 A.D. Hercules Oetaeus.
Octavia (Praetexta)
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