Jane Addams : peace, justice, gender, 1860-1918 / Regene Henriette Spero Silver.
x, 301 leaves : ill. ; 29 cm.
- Local subjects:
- Penn dissertations -- History.
History -- Penn dissertations.
- This is the story of Jane Addams as she developed into an activist and principal leader of the reform, women's suffrage and women's peace movements of the Progressive Era. It examines her life from 1860 to 1918 in relationship to her goal of politicizing and empowering women within the constraints of an American society traditionally dominated in the political and economic arenas by wealthy white men of the establishment. It is the first full-length work to focus on Addams' work for peace and justice in light of acculturation and societal issues of gender relationships.
Two historical concepts undergird the dissertation: "inherited traditions" and women's "separate sphere." "Inherited traditions" refer to the acculturation we experience as we mature and assimilate the belief systems of our families, teachers, peers and the larger society. Women's "separate sphere" refers to the conditioning of American women to believe that their proper role was nuturing their families through home and charitable activities and that they did not belong in the public political arena. The central argument is that Addams worked to enable women to move beyond their "separate sphere" to become active citizens in American political and foreign policy decision-making policies. A product of the Victorian Era, however, Addams was herself thwarted by inherited traditions which mitigated against women's participation in public politics and foreign affairs.
The first chapter explores Addams' early years, her founding of Hull-House, the first origins of the women's network she helped create and her political and suffrage work until 1912. The second chapter examines her relationship with African-American leaders, particularly women, and her political and suffrage work from 1912 to World War 1. Chapter three traces her development as a leader of the women's peace movement until the summer of 1915. Chapter four focuses on her work as the principal leader of the American and international women's peace movement from 1915 to the end of World War 1. The conclusion analyzes women pacifists' difficulties during wartime and the problems women whose agendas include peace and justice confront when entering national and international politics.
- Supervisor: Michael B. Katz.
Thesis (Ph.D. in History) -- Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, University of Pennsylvania, 1990.
- Local notes:
- University Microfilms order no.: 91-01219.
- Katz, Michael B., advisor.
University of Pennsylvania.
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