LEADER 02408ctm a22002777 4500
008 970630s1996 xx a bm 00010 eng d
z| 9780591205756 q| (electronic)
a| PU c| PU
a| Teitler, Julien O.
a| The impact of neighborhood norms on youth sexual and fertility behavior / c| Julien O. Teitler.
a| xiv, 208 p. : b| ill. ; c| 29 cm.
a| Thesis (Ph.D. in Sociology) -- University of Pennsylvania, 1996.
a| Includes bibliographical references.
a| University Microfilms order no.: 97-13015.
a| Recent research in sociology supports the contention that neighborhoods vary in their normative climates, which affect youth behaviors. Spatial variation in norms is thought to be primarily due to increased concentration of poverty and racial segregation, but a number of different theories of how structural changes affect behavior have emerged. Empirical research supporting neighborhood effects theories has lacked normative data, however, making it difficult to formally test neighborhood effects theories. Using recent data from the Philadelphia Teen Study (PTS), this dissertation builds census tract measures of adolescent transition norms including norms of sexual initiation and fertility. Multilevel statistical models are then employed in order to determine which theories of neighborhood effects most accurately reflect observed rates of youth sexual and fertility behavior. The results indicate that most neighborhood differences in norms and in behavior are due to the racial composition of neighborhoods rather than their socioeconomic composition. To the extent that norms and behaviors are related to the socioeconomic composition, they are only among primarily white neighborhoods. The results of the analyses do not provide strong support for most normative theories of behavior. Rather, they suggest that most of the association between socioeconomic characteristics of neighborhoods and youth sexual and fertility behavior is due to selectivity and race.
a| Penn dissertations x| Sociology.
a| Sociology x| Penn dissertations.
a| University of Pennsylvania.