May sky : there is always tomorrow : an anthology of Japanese American concentration camp kaiko haiku / compiled, translated, and prefaced by Violet Kazue de Cristoforo.

1st ed.
Los Angeles : Sun & Moon Press, 1997.
287 p. : ill., map ; 24 cm.
Japanese poetry -- 20th century -- Translations into English.
Japanese poetry -- United States -- Translations into English.
Japanese American poetry -- 20th century.
Haiku -- Translations into English.
Free verse.
Japanese Americans -- Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945.
Evacuation and relocation of Japanese Americans (United States : 1942-1945)
Free verse.
Japanese American poetry.
Japanese Americans
Japanese poetry.
United States
Poems in Japanese with English translation.
The dark time in American history of the arrest and internment of Japanese American citizens in World War II is here presented in terms of the important cultural activity of the haiku clubs and their members. Violet Kazue de Cristoforo was a young girl when she joined the Valley Ginsha Haiku Kai of Fresno before World War II. Two of the California free verse poetry clubs, the Valley Ginsha and the Delta Ginsha of Stockton, owed their existence to the haiku masters Neiji Ozawa and Kyotaro Komuro.
But suddenly with the outbreak of World War II, the members of these clubs, along with thousands of other Japanese Americans, were sent to internment centers. Some were sent to the swamplands of Arkansas, others to Arizona, California, Idaho, Wyoming, Colorado and Utah. Yet despite their separation and dispersal, the clubs continued to survive and had an enormous cultural and spiritual impact upon the members of the internment camps and centers.
May Sky: There Is Always Tomorrow is an account of the significant contribution made by the haiku writers to wartime literature. Through years of research and study, de Cristoforo has tracked down most of the haiku members of the different camps and documented their activities. Equally importantly, she had chosen a large selection of haiku written in the camps and translated them into English.
This significant collection presents a large selection of these works in the original nihongo (Japanese) and romaji (Japanese written in the Latin alphabet) in addition to the English.
Local notes:
Gotham Book Mart Collection copies 1 & 2 have dustjacket retained.
Gotham Book Mart Collection copy 2 has bookmark "Writing Is an Aid to Memory" from the publisher laid in at front.
Penn Provenance:
Gotham Book Mart (former owner) (Gotham Book Mart Collection copies 1 & 2)
Penn Chronology:
Gotham Book Mart Collection (University of Pennsylvania)
De Cristoforo, Violet Kazue, 1917-2007.
1557132534 (alk. paper)
9781557132536 (alk. paper)
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