[Summa aurea in quattuor libros sententiarum] [manuscript].

Guillermus, Altissiodorensis, d. 1231.
[France?, 13--]
351 leaves : parchment, col. ill. ; 240 x 263 (165 x 110) mm. bound to 248 x 173 mm.

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Standardized Title:
Summa aurea
Peter Lombard, Bishop of Paris, ca. 1100-1160. Sententiarum libri IV.
Catholic Church -- Controversial literature -- Catholic works.
Theology, Doctrinal -- Early works to 1800.
Manuscripts, Latin -- 14th century.
Manuscripts, Medieval.
Theological questions and answers grouped into 4 books, corresponding to the arrangement of the Sentences of Peter Lombard. The text begins twice, starting over again after the first two leaves (f. 3r). According to descriptive notes on file in the library, this manuscript differs in many readings from the printed text.
Ms. codex.
Title supplied by cataloger (Zacour-Hirsch).
Foliation: Parchment, iii (modern paper) + 351 + ii (modern paper); [1-20, 20-350]; modern foliation in pencil, upper right recto.
Layout: Written in 2 columns of 46-50 lines; frame-ruled in lead; prickings visible on inner margins of some leaves (for example, f. 212).
Script: Written in 1 Gothic hand or 2 similar Gothic hands, commentary and marginal notes in another, nearly contemporary hand, additional notes in later hands.
Decoration: Rubricated, with paragraph marks in red and blue, puzzle initials ranging in height from 5 lines to 8 lines, with penwork ornamentation in red and blue (for example, f. 1r, 3r, 117r, 273r); 2-line and 3-line initials in red and blue with contrasting filigree throughout.
Binding: Modern half-morocco, front cover detached along hinge.
Origin: Written in France in the 14th century (Zacour-Hirsch).
Partial outline of Book 4, in a later hand (f. 351).
Part of lower margin of f. 1 cut away (probably contained ownership entry).
Penn Provenance:
Formerly owned by Wilfred Michael Voynich; sold by the Voynich estate, 1953.
Cited in:
Described in Zacour, Norman P. and Hirsch, Rudolf. Catalogue of Manuscripts in the Libraries of the University of Pennsylvania to 1800 (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1965), p. 13 (Ms. Latin 60).
Listed in De Ricci, Seymour, Census of medieval and Renaissance manuscripts in the United States and Canada, vol. 2, p. 1848, no. 15.
Cited as:
UPenn Ms. Codex 699.
Voynich, Wilfred Michael, 1865-1930, former owner.
Access Restriction:
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