Historical atlas of Central America / by Carolyn Hall and Héctor Pérez Brignoli ; John V. Cotter, cartographer.

Hall, Carolyn, 1947-
Norman, Okla. : University of Oklahoma Press, ©2003.
1 atlas (xiv, 321 pages) : color illustrations, color maps ; 34 cm
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Other Title:
Atlas of Central America
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Central America -- Historical geography -- Maps.
Central America -- History.
Historical geography.
Central America.
Reference works.
Reference works.
"The first two sections of the atlas review five centuries of territorial organization, demography, and culture. The final three sections focus on the economic, political, and social issues specific to each century, beginning with the colonial period and continuing to the present day. Illustrated with more than 150 color and black-and-white illustrations and almost 400 original full-color maps accompanied by explanatory and interpretive text, the Historical Atlas of Central America will serve as a landmark for future studies."--Jacket.
1. Environment and territory
1.1. The geographical region of Central America
1.2. The first geographical records : explorers and chroniclers, 16th-17th centuries
1.3. The second age of discovery : geographical knowledge during the enlightenment
1.4. From travelers to geographers, 19th-20th centuries
1.5. The geological base
1.6. Landscape
1.7. Climates
1.8. Vegetation and soils
1.9. Life zones
1.10. Environmental hazards
1.11. Natural resources
1.12. Bridge and isthmus
1.1.3 Central American in the Spanish empire
1.14. The birth of new countries : Spanish organization of territory until 1785
1.15. Central American of the margin of the British empire
1.16. British settlements, 1629-1821
1.17. A revolution in government : from bourbon reforms to independence, 1785-1821
1.18. Toward separate republics
1.19. Central America and the expansion of the United States
1.20. British colonialism, 1821-1981
1.21. The formation of the state of Panama
1.22. Boundary disputes
1.23. The search for union
1.24. The region and its confines.
2. People and places : the patterns of cultural change
2.1. Ancient Central America
2.2. Maya civilization
2.3. An ethnic mosaic : Indian peoples and cultures, c. 1500
2.4. The patterns of material life, c. 1500
2.5. Chiefs and kings : polities on the eve of conquest
2.6. The Spanish conquest
2.7. Shaping the colonial world : from conquest to Pacification
2.8. Spanish towns and early encomiendas
2.9. Congregaciones and later encomiendas
2.10. The spiritual conquest
2.11. The decline of the Indian population, 1500-1900
2.12. The pattern of settlement in the late 16th century
2.13. Race and culture in the late 16th century
2.14. Black slaves and African American cultures
2.15. New towns and the late colonial pattern of settlement
2.16. The rise of the Mestizos : socio-racial stratification in the late colonial period
2.17. Spaniards, Indians, Ladinos, and Blacks : regional variations in the late colonial period
2.18. Languages and acculturation in the late 18th century
2.19. Population growth and distribution, 1778-1930
2.20. Migration and colonization, 19th-20th centuries
2.21. The population explosion
2.22. Cultures and the nation-states, 19th and 20th centuries
2.23. The Guatemalan Indians in the 20th century
2.24. Indian survival after five centuries
2.25. The expansion of settlement and ethnic relations, 16th-20th centuries.
3. Colonial societies
3.1. Pax Hispanica : the nature of colonial government
3.2. The power of the church
3.3. The control of the Indians
3.4. Indian riots and rebellions
3.5. The economy of conquest
3.6. Indian tribute in the mid-16th century : the assessment by López de Cerrato, 1548-51
3.7. Haciendas and mines : the economy in the late 16th-17th centuries
3.8. Transport along the isthmus
3.9. Transisthmian routes
3.10. The economy of Western Panama and supplies to Portobelo
3.11. Commercial networks : routes and ports
3.12. Trade : trends and volume
3.13. Fraud and contraband
3.14. Pirates
3.15. Fortifications
3.16. Later entradas
3.17. The Zambos mosquitos : a permanent threat
3.18. Colonial wars to 1763
3.19. The rise of the military
3.20. Central America and the war of American independence, 1779-83
3.21. Agrarian landscapes in the late 17th century : Totonicapán and the valley of Guatemala
3.22. Santiago de Guatemala, 1541-1773
3.23. Provincial towns
3.24. The subsistence base : agriculture in the late colonial period
3.25. Stock raising in the late colonial period
3.26. Exports and regional markets, late 17th and 18th centuries
3.27. Dyestuffs : logwood and indigo
3.28. Outlets to the sea : the unsolved problem.
4. The formation of national societies
4.1. The opening of markets and trade
4.2. From the counter-reformation to the enlightenment
4.3. The independence crisis
4.4. The civil wars of the Federal Republic, part one
4.5. The civil wars of the Federal Republic, part two
4.6. The economic transition
4.7. Communications and transport within the isthmus in the early 19th century
4.8. Regional markets, 18th and 19th centuries
4.9. Liberals and conservatives, part one
4.10. William Walker and the national war
4.11. Liberals and conservatives, part two
4.12. Liberalism and positivism
4.13. The expansion of coffee production
4.14. Regional variations in the coffee Economies
4.15. Coffee haciendas and beneficios
4.16. The privatization of communal and corporate lands
4.17. The privatization of state lands
4.18. Shipping lines
4.19. Railroads and ports
4.20. The expansion of banana production
4.21. Moving frontiers : banana plantations in Costa Rica
4.22. Imperial rivalries
4.23. Interoceanic transport : competing routes
4.24. Interoceanic transport : the supremacy of Panama
4.25. Interoceanic transport : the Panama Canal.
5. The challenge of development
5.1. The organization of modern states
5.2. Provincial government
5.3. Local government
5.4. Oligarchic rule
5.5. Banana wars
5.6. Anti-imperialism and social rebellion
5.7. U.S. interventions, 1936-79
5.8. The search for democracy, 1945-90
5.9. Reforms and reaction
5.10. Elections and political participation
5.11. Workers and peasants
5.12. New exports : cotton, sugar, and beef
5.13. Food crops and cattle ranching
5.14. Agrarian reforms : Guatemala, Honduras, and Costa Rica
5.15. The expansion of the road network
5.16. The process of urbanization
5.17. Urban areas
5.18. Industrialization and economic growth
5.19. Economic integration in historical perspective
5.20. Health and education
5.21. Inequality and poverty
5.22. Nationalism and anticolonialism
5.23. Uprisings and guerrillas
5.24. The Sandinista revolution
5.25. The civil war in El Salvador
5.26. Agrarian reforms and revolution : Nicaragua and El Salvador
5.27. Peace and reconstruction
5.28. Migrants and refugees
5.29. Environmental dilemmas at the end of the millennium.
Includes bibliographical references (pages 288-311) and index.
Local notes:
Acquired for the Penn Libraries with assistance from the Alumni and Friends Memorial Book Fund.
Penn Provenance:
Gotham Book Mart (former owner) (Gotham Book Mart Collection copy)
Penn Chronology:
Gotham Book Mart Collection (University of Pennsylvania)
Pérez Brignoli, Héctor.
Cotter, John V.
Alumni and Friends Memorial Book Fund.