My face is black is true : Callie House and the struggle for ex-slave reparations / Mary Frances Berry.

Berry, Mary Frances, author.
1st edition
New York : Alfred A. Knopf, 2005. , ©2005
Harrisonburg, VA : R. R. Donnelley
xiv, 314 pages : illustrations ; 22 cm
House, Callie, 1861-1928.
African American women political activists -- Biography.
Women political activists -- United States -- Biography.
African Americans -- Reparations.
Place of Publication:
United States New York (State) New York (City)
United States Pennsylvania Lancaster.
United States Virginia Harrisonburg.
Historian Berry resurrects the forgotten life of courageous pioneering activist Callie House (1861-1928), ex-slave, widowed Nashville washerwoman and mother of five who, seventy years before the civil rights movement, headed a demand for ex-slave reparations. House was born into slavery in 1861 and sought African-American pensions based on those offered Union soldiers, targeting taxes on seized rebel cotton (over $1.2 billion in 2005 dollars) and demanding it as repayment for centuries of unpaid labor. The Justice Department banned the activities of her town organizers and falsely accused her of mail fraud; the federal officials had the post office open the mail of almost all African-Americans, denying delivery on the smallest pretext. Though African-American newspapers, most of which preached meekness toward whites, ignored or derided Mrs. House's Ex-Slave Association, the movement flourished until she was imprisoned; deprived of her spirit, leadership and ferocity, the first national grassroots African-American movement fell apart.--From publisher description.
We need a movement
Organizing the National Ex-slave Mutual Relief, Bounty and Pension Association
Association under attack
Voices of the ex-slaves
The Movement fights back
Avoiding destruction
The Association goes to federal court
Jailed for justice
Passing the torch
The Reparations Movement still lives.
"This is a Borzoi Book"--Title page verso.
"Copyright ©2005 by Mary Frances Berry"--verso of title page.
"This book was set in Adobe Garamond. Composed by North Market Street Graphics, Lancaster, Pennsylvania. Printed and bound by R. R. Donnelley, Harrisonburg, Virginia."--Colophon.
Includes bibliographical references (pages 253-295) and index.
Local notes:
Penn Libraries Main Library copy gift of Mr. & Mrs. Sheldon Hackney.
Penn Libraries Main Library Sheldon Hackney gift copy signed in front by him and with his extensive MS. notes at end.
Kislak Center Banks Collection copy presented to the Penn Libraries in 2018 by Joanna Banks.
Kislak Center Banks Collection copy retains dust jacket.
Penn Provenance:
Banks, Joanna (donor) (Banks Collection copy)
Penn Chronology:
Alfred A. Knopf, Inc.
North Market Street Graphics, compositor.
R. R. Donnelley, printer.
Joanna Banks Collection of African American Books (University of Pennsylvania)
1400040035 (alk. paper)
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