[Philological essay] : manuscript.

[Orient, 10th century-12th century?]
2 fols. (bifolium: recto=1r|2v; verso=2r|1v): non-consecutive; losses in upper interior corner; faded.
21.6 X 14 cm material applied: black ink ruling method: columns: 1 lines: 27-30.
Contained In:
Cairo Genizah Collection

Get It


Other Title:
Critique of the Maḥberet of Menaḥem ibn Saruḳ
Critique of Faṣiḥ lughah al-ʻIbrāniyīn by Saʻadia Gaon
Mĕnaḥem ben Saruq, ca. 910-ca. 970. Maḥberet.
Saʹadia ben Joseph, 882-942. Faṣiḥ lughah al-ʻIbrāniyīn.
Bible. Old Testament -- Dictionaries -- Early works to 1800.
Hebrew language -- Grammar -- Early works to 1800.
Hebrew philology -- Early works to 1800.
Hebrew language -- Roots -- Early works to 1800.
Judeo-Arabic and Hebrew. Hebrew Oriental square.
Part of an essay in Judeo-Arabic on definitions of words. This appears to be a critique of a previous philological work, as is inferred (fol. 1 recto l. 9) וקד יגלט פי הדא אלפרק, in reference to the eighth chapter of the subject.
Other citations appear on this fol., of הדה אלי״ב, which may be referring to R. Saʻadia Gaon's Grammatical treatise of 12 chapters, Kutub al-Lugha, often referred to by this title (A. Dotan: Or rishon be-ḥokhmat ha-lashon / le-Rav Seàdyah Gaʾon ; Aron Dotan [ed.]. Jeruslaem, 1997 p. 30, Henry Malter, Jewish Quarterly Review NS III (1912/1913), p. 494). Unlike ibn Ḥayuj, who recorded the biphonetic letters בג״ד כפ״ת, our author lists בג״ד כפר״ת as in Saʻadiah Gaon on Sefer ha-yetsirah.
Much of the content of fol. 2 is on the additional meaning of the word אור that is omitted in the Maḥberet of Menaḥem ibn Saruḳ. Talmudic, as well as Biblical proof texts are listed. The essay ends after one third of the verso, signed תם אלכתאב בעון אלחרמן.
The remainder of fol. 2 verso is filled with five poetic riddles in Wafir meter, all of the same structure, attributed to Dunash ben Labrat, as in the heading לבן אלאבראט. The first starts אמור מה גוף כמו כסף (Davidson, Thesaurus of Medieval Hebrew poetry, vol. IV 1531א).
Forms part of: Cairo Genizah Collection.
Penn Provenance:
Cairo Genizah Collection (University of Pennsylvania. Center for Advanced Judaic Studies. Library).
Cairo Genizah Collection (Dropsie College. Library).
Cited in:
Halper, no. 317
IMHM, no. PH 5102
Publications about:
Published from this and parallel ms. sources by N. Allony, Jewish Quarterly Review, v. 36 (1945), p. 141-146; Shirim / Dunash ben Labraṭ ; Nehemiah Allony [ed.]. Jerusalem : Mosad ha-Rav Ḳuḳ, 947, p. 93-97, with notes, p. 170-175).
Dunash ben Labrat, 10th cent.
Cairo Genizah Collection (University of Pennsylvania. Center for Advanced Judaic Studies. Library).
Poetic riddles.