XVI libri reductorii moralis in quo moralizantur omnes figure biblie et cetera : [manuscript].

Bersuire, Pierre, ca. 1290-1362.
Standardized Title:
Reductorium morale
Other Title:
Expositio apostolica reductorium morale totii biblie.
Avignon, 1405.
351 leaves : paper ; 294 x 220 (206 x 159) mm. bound to 307 x 227 mm.
Bible -- Commentaries -- Early works to 1800.
Christian ethics -- Early works to 1800.
Theology -- Early works to 1800.
Manuscripts, Latin -- 15th century.
Manuscripts, Medieval.
A moralizing commentary on figures from both the Old Testament and the New Testament in 16 books with some marginal annotations and cross-references.
Ms. codex.
Title from explicit; later title, Expositio apostolica reductorium morale totii biblie, from f. 351v.
Collation: Paper, 351; 1-28¹² 29⁸ 30⁶( -6); 1-189, 200-201, 201-334, 337-350; contemporary foliation in red ink, upper right recto; modern pencil foliation in pencil after f.189 to correct missed pages f.190-351, upper right recto. Quires signed a-z, ab, abc, cd, de, ef, fg, gh. Catchwords on last leaf of each quire, lower center verso. References in this record are to contemporary foliation.
Layout: Written in 2 columns of 34 lines; ruled in lead.
Script: Written in a Gothic cursive book script.
Watermark: Likely a slightly earlier variant of Briquet Char 3527 (1412).
Decoration: Manicules (f. 9v, 10r, 12r, 31v, 37r, 80v, 104r, 158r, 169r, 189r, 204r, 205r-206r, 229r, 230r, 258r); some underlining in red and brown ink; initials in red (f.1r); some decorated ascenders (for example, f. 150r); sketch of a face in profile (f. 293r).
Binding: Contemporary half leather over wooden boards, with brass catches (clasps missing) (Zacour-Hirsch); upper cover has pastedown paper; lower cover has pastedown parchment with neumes from a gradual (probably Aquitaine) with decoration from southern France.
Origin: Written in Avignon in 1405 (f. 351v).
Penn Provenance:
Sold by Laurence Witten (New Haven, Conn.), 1959.
Cited in:
Described in Zacour, Norman P. and Hirsch, Rudolf. Catalogue of Manuscripts in the Libraries of the University of Pennsylvania to 1800 (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1965), p. 30 (Ms. Latin 131).
Cited as:
UPenn Ms. Codex 1083.
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