[Ledger of Medici debtors and creditors] [manuscript].

[Italy], 1605-1633.
273 leaves : paper ; 332 x 235 mm. bound to 345 x 237 mm.
Medici, House of -- Archives.
Medici, Andrea de'.
Medici, Vincenzo de'.
Accounting -- Italy -- 17th century.
Credit records.
Ledgers (account books)
Manuscripts, Italian -- 17th century.
Manuscripts, European.
Ledger of debtors and creditors of the brothers Andrea and Vincenzo de' Medici, sons of Carlo de' Medici, for the years 1605-1633. Often includes the nature of a given credit or debt and its amount, as well as listing the names of the individuals that hold the debt or credit, the most important being the Salviati and the Albizzi, aristocratic Florentine families, and the Medici Capponi, an aristocratic family of Pisa that had a strong and established business relationship with the Florentine Medici in spite of having fought against them in the late 15th century. The memoranda include detailed descriptions of the events which led to a credit or a debt between the Medici brothers and the counterparts, and, at the end of each memorandum, said counterpart stated that they agreed to pay back the debt in due time and signed their names as proof of their agreement. In spite of the fact that the Medici banking power had already started its decline in the 17th century, very large single transactions appear in this ledger.
Ms. codex.
Title supplied by cataloger.
Foliation: Paper, i (paper) + 273 + i (paper); each folio has the same number on both recto and verso; rectos numbered [1], 2-224, [225-228], 229-259, [260-273], contemporary numeration in ink, modern numeration in pencil, upper right verso; versos numbered 1-224, [225-228], 229-259, [260-273], contemporary numeration in ink, modern numeration in pencil, upper left verso (leaves 194-201, 227-228, 260-273 are blank but ruled).
Layout: Written in 3 columns with vertical bounding lines in lead; the smaller column on the left with the number of the debt or credit, the large central column with a brief description of the debt or credit, including the name of the counterparts, and the smaller one on the right with the amount of the debt or credit in arabic numerals. In certain cases the large central column contains itemized accounts of a transaction within one entry. Memoranda written in long lines.
Script: Written in a cursive script, perhaps by multiple hands, including some of the counterparts, who signed their names at the end of the memoranda.
Watermark: Similar to Briquet, Agneau pascal 48 (Florence, 1498); Sirene 13894 (Pisa, 1597); Homme 7629 (Rome, 1566); and unidentified watermark containing a lion (?) and a crown.
Binding: Contemporary vellum, no. 67 on spine; the heading Giornale e ricordi, letter C with decorative penwork on upper cover; lower cover with remnants of leather ties wraps around upper cover; decorative leatherwork on spine.
Origin: Written in Italy between 1605 (f. 1r) and 1633 (f. 193r).
Forms part of: Gondi-Medici Business Records.
Penn Provenance:
Sold by Bernard M. Rosenthal, 1961.
Cited in:
Described in Zacour, Norman P. and Hirsch, Rudolf. Catalogue of Manuscripts in the Libraries of the University of Pennsylvania to 1800 (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1965), p. 199 (Ms. Lea 258).
Cited as:
UPenn Ms. Codex 1312
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