Refutacion juridica e historica de la consulta que hizo el r[ea]l consejo de Castilla al rey n[uest]ro s[eñ]or [manuscript] : sobre lo que S[u] M[ajestad] se sirvio preguntarle y se expresa en esta obra con los motibos que dieron causa para la r[ea]l pregunta y la insubstancial respuesta como se haze ver clara y distintamente, y defensa legal de una de las principales partes que compone el todo de la soberania de S[u] M[ajestad] y quiere abrrogarse ilegitima y voluntariamente el r[ea]l consejo, por d[o]n Melchor de Macanaz trabajado todo de r[ea]l y secreto mandato de S[u] M[ajestad].

Macanaz, Melchor Rafael de, 1670-1760.
[Spain, after 1708]
122 leaves : paper ; 288 x 199 (231 x 150) mm. bound to 298 x 215 mm.
Spain. Consejo Real de Castilla -- History -- 18th century.
Monarchy -- Spain -- Early works to 1800.
Spain -- Politics and government -- 1700-1746 -- Early works to 1800.
Spain -- History -- Philip V, 1700-1746 -- Early works to 1800.
Manuscripts, Spanish -- 18th century.
Manuscripts, European.
Scholar of jurisprudence; loyal supporter of the House of Bourbon; appointed fiscal of the Royal Council by Philip V.
Defense of the power and autonomy of the monarchy in Spain written by Melchor Rafael de Macanaz at the King's request in 1708. Since the creation of the Royal Council of Castile in 1385 by Juan I, members of the council had sought to expand their powers and in turn several Spanish monarchs had enacted various reforms limiting the power of the council. When Philip V, the first Bourbon King of Spain, was crowned as successor to Charles II in 1701, he immediately sought to concentrate power in the royal person, emulating the absolute monarchy of his native France. Macanaz used his knowledge to defend the power of the king against the efforts of the council, making a careful study of the history of the power struggle between king and council and concluding with a condemnation of the council's attempts to usurp the sovereignty of the king.
Ms. codex.
Title from caption title (f. 1r).
Foliation: Paper, i + 122 + i leaves; [i, 1-120, i]; modern foliation in pencil, lower right recto.
Layout: Written in 23 long lines.
Script: Written in a cursive script.
Watermark: Similar to Valls i Subirá, Romaní, 806; similar to Valls i Subirá, Bas, 89; unidentified watermark containing what appears to be a crown and the name Salelles underneath; unidentified watermark consisting of the initials Y P; watermark consisting of the name Paular, see Valls i Subirá, Españolas, 1885.
Binding: Contemporary calf.
Origin: Probably written in Spain in the late 18th century.
Penn Provenance:
Formerly owned by Henry Charles Lea (bookplate, inside upper cover; inscription on front flyleaf, 1903).
Cited in:
Described in Zacour, Norman P. and Hirsch, Rudolf. Catalogue of Manuscripts in the Libraries of the University of Pennsylvania to 1800 (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1965), p. 183 (Ms. Lea 177).
Cited as:
UPenn Ms. Codex 1408
Lea, Henry Charles, 1825-1909, former owner.
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