Heures a lusaige de Ro[m]me : tout au long sans rie[n]s requerir auec les figures de la vie de lho[m]me & la destructio[n] de hierusale[m].

Catholic Church.
Standardized Title:
Book of hours
Other Title:
Heures à l'usage de Rome
Ont este nouuelleme[n]t imprimees a Paris : Par Guillaume Anabat imprimeur ... pour Gillet Hardouyn libraire ... et pour Germain Hardouyn libraire ..., [ca. 1507]
[116] leaves : ill. ; 26 cm. (4to)
s.o- a-es MaSe (C) 1507 (Q)
Catholic Church -- Prayers and devotions -- Early works to 1800.
Catholic Church -- Prayers and devotions -- Latin.
Catholic Church -- Prayers and devotions -- French.
Illumination of books and manuscripts -- Specimens.
Books of hours.
Devotional calendars.
Metal cuts.
Woodcuts (prints)
Hybrid books.
Printer's devices (Publishing) -- France -- Paris -- 16th century.
Velvet bindings (Binding) -- 16th century.
Wooden boards (Binding) -- 16th century.
Place of Publication:
France Paris.
Latin and French.
Almanac, 1507-1520, and calendar (f. A2r-A8r)
Gospel lessons (f. B1r-B8r)
Hours of the Virgin with mixed Hours of the Holy Cross and Holy Spirit (f. C1v-G7r)
Seven Penitential Psalms and litany (f. G8r-H8r)
Office of the Dead (f. I1r-K8v)
Suffrages and prayers in Latin (f. L1r-M4v)
Prayers in Latin and French (f. M4v-N3v)
Hours for the Feast of the Immaculate Conception (f. N4r-N7r)
Five prayers of St. John the Evangelist in honor of the Virgin Mary (f. N7r-N8v)
Seven prayers of St. Gregory (f. N8v-O1r)
Office of Our Lady of Pity (f. O1v-O4v)
Suffrages and prayers in Latin and French (f. O4v-P3r)
List of contents and colophon (f. P3v-P4v)
Title from title leaf (f. A1r).
Imprint from colophon on f. P4v, which reads: A la louenge de dieu & de la tres glorieuse vierge marie: et de monseigneur sainct Iehan leuangeliste. Et a ledificacion de tous vrays catholicques. Ces presentes heures a lusaige de Romme tout au long sans rie[n]s requerir. Avec les figures de la vie de lhomme: et la destruction de Hierusalem ensemble. Et pareilleme[n]t les figures de lapocalipse: & plusieurs autres belles hystoires faictes a la mode de ytalie. Ont este nouvelleme[n]t Imprimees a Paris par Guillaume Anabat Imprimeur demoura[n]t en la rue sainct Ieha[n] de Beauuays a lenseigne des Co[n]nis pres les gra[n]des escolles de decret. Pour Gillet Hardouyn libraire demoura[n]t au bout du pont au cha[n]ge a lenseigne de la Rose. Et pour Germain Hardouyn libraire demourant deuant le Palays entre les deux portes a lymaige saincte Marguerite. Tout pour le mieulx.
Date of printing inferred from presence of almanac for the years 1507-1520 (f. A2r-A8r) and the first appearance of the large (quarto) plates from Jean Pichore's workshop. Cf. Tenschert & Nettekoven.
Signatures: A-O⁸ P⁴. Leaves A1, A2 and H2 are unsigned; leaf A3 is signed "a.iii."; leaf F4 is signed "f.iiii.". In gatherings B-I, the first leaf is signed with a majescule and the subsequent leaves with minuscules; gathering K is signed with minuscules throughout; gatherings L-P are signed with majescules throughout. Leaves B3 and H3 are missigned "b.ii." and "g.iii.", respectively. Cf. Tenschert & Nettekoven.
Parchment quarto. Leaf B1r: 29 lines; area of text: 135 x 71 mm., within printed decorative borders (201 x 119 mm.). With signatures; without foliation or catchwords. "Use [of Rome] indicated by 'R' on the first leaf of signatures B-P."--Mortimer. Initial spaces; spaces for paragraph marks. Publisher's device of Gilles Hardouyn (Renouard 429) on leaf A1r: the rape of Deianira (120 x 78 mm.) within a 4-part architectural border of which the subjacent border contains the work's title.
Decoration: 1 cut of anatomical man as skeleton (91 x 43 mm.) surrounded by 4 smaller cuts (35 x 17 mm.) depicting the humors accompanied by printed explanatory text; the whole within a 4-part architectural border (f. A1v). Tenschert & Nettekoven attribute the cuts to Jean Pichore's workshop.
Decoration: 3 full-page metal-cut illustrations without borders (each ca. 200 x 125 mm.) by Jean Pichore's workshop: St. John boiled in oil (f. A8v), the arrest of Christ in Gethsemane (f. B3v), and the Annunciation (f. C1r). Cf. Tenschert & Nettekoven. Variants: Mortimer records instead on f. A8v a smaller cut of St. John with the poisoned cup within a 4-part architectural border of which the subjacent border contains a 2-line caption; this copy also lacks the "Vie de l'homme" border images (compare Renouard no. 65A). Renouard no. 65B also records only 2 cuts without borders: the arrest of Christ in Gethsemane (f. B3v) and the Annunciation (f. C1r).
Decoration: 2 full-page metal-cut illustrations (each ca. 160 x 102 mm.) by Jean Pichore and his workshop: the flagellation of Christ, within a 4-part architectural border (f. D4v); the Virgin Mary with emblems of the Immaculate Conception, surrounded on 3 sides by architectural borders of which the subjacent border contains 3 lines of inset printed text (f. N4r).
Decoration: 14 full-page metal-cut illustrations (1 repeated) by Jean Pichore and his workshop, the central subject (each ca. 122 x 79 mm.) surrounded by a varying assemblage of 4-part architectural borders decorated with putti, festoons and other ornaments, most with inset printed text in the subjacent border: the Church and 3 Virtues (f. B8v); Augustus and the Tiburtine sibyl (f. C8r); the Crucifixion (f. D5r); the death of the Virgin Mary (f. D6r); the Nativity (f. D7r); the annunciation of Christ's birth to the shepherds (f. E2r); the Adoration of the Magi (f. E5r); the presentation of Christ in the temple (f. E8r); the Flight into Egypt (f. F3r); the death of the Virgin Mary (repeated) (f. F7r); David ordering the death of Uriah (without text) (f. G7v); the death of Uriah (f. G8r); Lazarus and Dives (without text) (f. H8v); the raising of Lazarus (f. I1r).
Decoration: 26 small cuts (1 repeated; each 32-42 x 22 mm.) of figures, primarily saints, most on criblé grounds: St. Luke the Evangelist (f. B1v); St. Matthew the Evangelist (f. B2r); St. Mark the Evangelist (f. B3r); God the Father as Salvator Mundi (f. L1r); Christ as Man of Sorrows (f. L1v); Pentecost (f. L1v); Archangel Michael with devil (f. L6r); St. John the Baptist (f. L6v); St. John the Evangelist (f. L6v); Sts. Peter and Paul (f. L7r); St. James the Greater (f. L7r); St. Stephen (f. L7v); St. Lawrence (f. L8r); St. Christopher with Christ Child (f. L8r); St. Sebastian with archer (f. M1r); St. Nicholas with 3 boys (f. M1v); St. Claudius (f. M2r); St. Anthony; (f. M2v); St. Anne teaching the Virgin Mary (f. M2v); St. Mary Magdalen (f. M3r); St. Catherine (f. M3v); St. Margaret (f. M3v); St. Barbara (f. M4r); St. Appollonia (f. M4v); God the Father as Salvator Mundi (repeated) (f. M8v); the Annunciation (f. N1r). Some of these cuts reappear as border elements on other leaves. Tenschert & Nettekoven attribute 5 cuts (Sts. Luke, Matthew, and Mark, Pentecost, and the Annunciation) to Jean Pichore's workshop and the rest to the circle of the Master of the Apocalypse Rose.
Decoration: text pages within a variety of decorative and historiated wood- and metal-cut borders by Jean Pichore's workshop, most printed from seven separate blocks and many with inset printed captions in French or Latin. The rectos of f. C2-I8 contain images from 2 cycles (most with captions in French): the Destruction of Jerusalem (bas-de-page) and the "Vie de l'homme," a variation on the Dance of Death (fore-edge). The rectos of f. L1-L8 contain images from a Nativity cycle with captions in French. The rectos of f. M3-M8 contain images from an Apocalypse cycle (after Dürer; cf. Tenschert & Nettekoven) with captions in Latin.
Following the last printed leaf are 4 contemporary ms. leaves ruled in red, decorated with illuminated initials and line-fillers in a style similar to that in the printed text, and containing an alternate set of lessons, responsories, and versicles for Matins in the hours of the Virgin; a prayer to Jesus (also known as the Fifteen Oes) often attributed to St. Bernard; prayers to Sts. Nicholas, Eustace, and Roman; and the Seven Verses of St. Bernard. For a fuller description of the ms. portion of this item, see record for: Hybrid book of hours : use of Rome. France, ca. 1507.
Local notes:
Penn Libraries copy is variant with 3 full-page metal-cut illustrations without borders (St. John boiled in oil, the arrest of Christ in Gethsemane, and the Annunciation) and includes the "Vie de l'homme" border images.
Leaf size: 245 x 161 mm.
Rubrication: 2 illustrations, St. John boiled in oil (f. A8v) and the arrest of Christ in Gethsemane (f. B3v), fully illuminated with gold highlights; 1 illustration, the Annunciation (f. C1r), partly illuminated (halos gilt); 1 4-line inhabited initial in pale violet and white on gold (f. N8v); some 3-line initials, most grey and white on gold with red accents, a few gold on blue with red and white accents; 1- and 2-line initials, paragraph marks, and line-fillers in gold on red, blue, or brown throughout; capital strokes in yellow; text area ruled in red.
Penn Libraries copy has ms. shelf mark on front pastedown; modern ms. foliation in pencil in head outer corner of leaves.
Binding: "Sixteenth-century dark blue velvet over [blind-stamped leather over] wooden boards, remains of two later fore-edge clasps, edges gilt (title very slightly soiled, velvet of binding rubbed, with small hole in upper cover, pile worn from spine, cloth worn away over [5] raised bands; lacking lower headcap, preserved in morocco-backed folding case."--Les Enluminures.
Penn Libraries copy has a few small wormholes at head and tail outer corners of front pastedown; signature mark on f. C3r effaced; a few signature marks partially uninked.
Lawrence J. Schoenberg & Barbara Brizdle Manuscript Initiative.
Penn Provenance:
Formerly owned by the Marquesses of Lothian, holders of the title Earl of Ancram (armorial bookplate with angel and unicorn as supporters and mottoes "Nemo me impune lacessit" and "Sero sed serio" on front pastedown; armorial booklabel with angel and unicorn as supporters and motto "Sero sed serio" on back pastedown; 18th-century autograph "Ancram" in shield of title device and on f. B1r, E1r, G3r, I3r, L8r, N5r, O6r and P3r), the last owner in that family being Philip Henry Kerr, 11th Marquess of Lothian (1882-1940).
Sold at auction at Anderson Galleries (New York), 27 Jan. 1932, lot 66.
Formerly owned by Mary S. Collins (Philadelphia, bookplate dated 1938, inside upper cover) and held in the stock and reference library of H. P. Kraus (New York, label inside upper cover).
Sold by Les Enluminures (Paris and Chicago), 2009.
Penn Chronology:
1507 (ca.)
Cited in:
Bohatta, H. Livres d'Heures (2. Aufl.), n. 847
Brun, R. Livre illustré, p. 225
Brunet, J.-C. Manuel du libraire, V, col. 1633, no. 229
Lacombe, P. Livres d'heures, no. 159
Moreau I, no. 100
Mortimer, R. French 16th cent., II, no. 295 (var.)
Pennink, R. Niet-Nederlandse drukken, 1500-1540, no. 1114
Praet, J.B.B. van. Vélin, bib. du roi, I, no. 165
Renouard, P. Imprimeurs parisiens, I, no. 65B (var.)
Tenschert & Nettekoven. Horae B.M.V., II., no. 105-106
Pichore, Jean, fl. 1502-1520.
Anabat, Guillaume, fl. 1505-1510, printer.
Hardouyn, Gilles, fl. 1491-1523, publisher.
Hardouyn, Germain, fl. 1500-1541, publisher.
Lothian, Philip Henry Kerr, Marquis of, 1882-1940, former owner.
Collins, Mary S., former owner.
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