Franklin

Rev[erendi] Patris Adami Adamandi disquisitiones physicomathemati[cae] [manuscript] : publice p[er] discipulos habit[a]e in Collegio Florentino anno So.[?] d[ie] 1 Martii 1667 et d[ie] 9 Augusti 1668.

Author/Creator:
Kochánski, Adam, 1631-1700.
Publication:
[Florence], 1667-1668.
Format/Description:
Manuscript
97 leaves : paper, ill. ; 208 x 150 mm. bound to 215 x 162 mm.
Subjects:
Fluid mechanics -- Early works to 1800.
Hydrostatics -- Early works to 1800.
Underwater navigation -- Early works to 1800.
Perpetual motion -- Early works to 1800.
Aeronautics -- Early works to 1900.
Cryptography -- Early works to 1800.
Geometry -- Early works to 1800.
Form/Genre:
Codices.
Treatises.
Diagrams.
Drawings.
Manuscripts, Latin -- 17th century.
Manuscripts, European.
Language:
Latin.
System Details:
Ms. codex.
Biography/History:
Polish Jesuit and mathematician who studied and taught in Florence.
Summary:
Collection of scientific treatises with an emphasis on mathematical demonstration by the students of Adamus Adamandus (pseudonym of Adam Kochánski) at the Collegio Florentino, the Jesuit college in Florence. The third treatise, on underwater navigation, is described as a demonstration by Antonio Maria Salvini, a student at the Collegio from 1665 to 1669. Other treatises address fluid mechanics, perpetual motion, the possibility of human flight with mechanical wings, communication over distance with telescopes and lanterns, improvements in mechanical timekeeping, and the geometry of cross forms (Proposition II, given in f. 76r-79r, is also present on f. 62r-64r in slightly different wording and without diagrams, with a note on the repetition at the top of f. 62r).
Contents:
1. f.8r-22v: Dissertatio hydrotechnica: in qua circa nonnullorum corporum fluidorum motus triplex auctorum quorumdam error demonstratur.
2. f.24r-27r: Impossibilitas motus perpetui.
3. f.30r-35v: Disquisitio hydrostatica: an et qua ratione sub aquis navigari possis.
4. f.38r-45v: Disquisitio statico-mechanica: an et quomodo ex principiis mathematicis demonstrari que est volatum hominis artificialem possibilem esse.
5. f.46r-53v: Disquisitio cryptologica: an et quomodo intra brevissimum tempus velut unicum hore quadrantem duo amici longissime distantes arcanos quoslibet animi sensus sibi invicem significare possint.
6. f.56r-59r: Disquisitio cronometrica: an praeter usitata dimetiendi temporis machinas, dari possint aliae faciliores ac certiores.
7. f.70r-85v: Staurometria sive nova geometricae metamorphoseos specimina: quibus figurae quaevis planae vel solidae in varia cruces planas ac solidas expedite trasformantur.
Notes:
Title from title page (f. 5r).
Collation: Paper, 97; 1⁴ 2³ 3¹⁶ 4⁴ 5² 6-7⁸ 8¹⁰ 9⁶ 10⁸ 11¹⁸ 12⁴ 13⁶ + 1 bifolium laid in; somewhat erratic modern foliation in pencil, upper right recto.
Layout: Written in 19-29 long lines.
Script: Written in cursive script by three hands.
Decoration: Title cartouche engraved by Jacque Honervogt and published by the Jollain family of Paris (f. 8r); figures for a discussion of fluids drawn in brown ink and labeled in red ink (1 bifolium laid in, and f. 35r); drawings in ink of containers and a fish-shaped boat (f. 35v) and human figures with mechanical wings (f. 45v); geometric diagrams (f. 74v-84r); ornamental letters and decorative elements at the beginning of first and last sections (f. 8r, 70r).
Binding: Contemporary mottled calf binding, gilt spine, mottled edges.
Origin: Written in Florence in 1667 and 1668 (title page, f. 5r).
Local notes:
Lawrence J. Schoenberg & Barbara Brizdle Manuscript Initiative.
Penn Provenance:
Formerly owned by Carolus Bono Crugius (inscription on title page, partially effaced).
Appeared in H. P. Kraus's cat. 179 (1988), no. 78.
Formerly owned by John D. Stanitz (Cleveland, Ohio), Ms. 17.
Acquired by Lawrence J. Schoenberg with other Stanitz manuscripts, Sept. 1997.
Deposit by Lawrence J. Schoenberg and Barbara Brizdle, 2011.
Cited in:
Described in Transformation of knowledge: early manuscripts from the collection of Lawrence J. Schoenberg (London: Paul Holberton, 2006), p. 116 (LJS 186).
Cited as:
LJS 186
Contributor:
Salvini, Anton Maria, 1653-1729.
Honervogt, Jacques, fl. 1654-1656, engraver.
Crugius, Carolus Bono, former owner.
Stanitz, John D., former owner.
OCLC:
779973040
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