175 p.
Social service.
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In order to comprehend social welfare within the Korean-American community of Philadelphia, this dissertation investigates the types and levels of self-help/mutual aid in Korean small business. Twenty-three hypotheses dealing with two stages of business activities--preparation for business and business operation--are formulated and tested.
The samples of this study consist of 50 Korean small businessmen who are either in retail trade or service industry. They are randomly selected from the six areas in Philadelphia where Korean small business is heavily concentrated. Data are collected primarily by personal interviews in January, 1983. They are supplemented by the information gathered through participant observation and discussions the author had with the leaders of the Korean Businessmen's Association of Greater Philadelphia.
The data are analyzed using simple statistical techniques such as frequency distribution, percentages, and measures of central tendency. Chi-square tests are utilized when appropriate.
The major findings of this study are summarized as follows: (1) Korean small businessmen who are engaged in self-help/mutual aid activities have improved their socio-economic conditions. (2) The self-help/mutual aid among Korean small businessmen are concentrated within the Korean community or family members, relatives and/or friends. (3) The Korean community as a whole is a valuable and significant resource for their business activities and especially for the solution of their problems. (4) The kind of self-help/mutual aid prevalent among the Koreans often becomes a bottleneck for their proficiency in English and social adjustment in terms of assimilation in their new world. (5) The high educational background among the Korean small businessmen is an important asset for their business and social life in the United States. (6) Factors of cultural uniqueness such as endurance and hard work, and self-help/mutual aid based on family, relatives, and friends are important for the establishment and development of Korean small business. (7) The mutual aid component of Korean small businessmen is of three types: (1) employment--Korean businessmen hire people from their business neighborhood or from the Korean non-business community; (2) referral services--if the Korean small businessman has no job opening in his business he refers the people in need to other Korean small businessmen; and (3) cash contributions--for the people or the Korean non-business community in need, Korean small businessmen help them with cash. . . . (Author's abstract exceeds stipulated maximum length. Discontinued here with permission of school.) UMI
Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 44-06, Section: A, page: 1924.
Thesis (D.S.W.)--University of Pennsylvania, 1983.
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School code: 0175.
University of Pennsylvania.
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Dissertation Abstracts International 44-06A.
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