Journals, associations and political parties: The institutions of Islamic reform (1871-1949) [electronic resource].

Imady, Omar.
238 p.
Middle East -- History
Africa -- History
Religion -- History
Middle East -- History
Africa -- History
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Mode of access: World Wide Web.
This dissertation aims at documenting the link between the rise of Islamic militancy in Egypt and a process of institutional change which was carried out by four Muslim reformers: Jamal al-Din al-Afghani (d. 1897), Muhammad $\sp{\rm c}$Abduh (d. 1905), Rashid Rida (d. 1935), and Hasan al-Banna (d. 1949). The process involved the adoption of Western institutions, i.e. journals, associations, and political parties, and the relinquishment of traditional institutions, i.e. madrasah (religious college), tariqah (religious order), and ta'ifah (artisan/merchant guild). The objective of the process was to restore to the $\sp{\rm c}$ulama' of Egypt the capacity to play a role in the political life of their community which was effectively undermined by Muhammad $\sp{\rm c}$Ali during the early nineteenth century.
After documenting the introduction of Western institutions to the $\sp{\rm c}$ulama' of Egypt (Chapter II), the utilization of the journal by Muslim reformers (Chapter III), the utilization of the association, political party and paramilitary force by Muslim reformers (Chapter IV), a 'power analytic' method is employed to identify the distinct characteristics of the Western institutions adopted by Muslim reformers (Chapter V). Western institutional form is found to be responsible for undermining the moral authority of the Muslim reformer. The dichotomy between the moral vision of Islamic reform and the secular mode of authority of Western institutions is shown to have been the principal factor behind the rise of Islamic militancy.
Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 54-12, Section: A, page: 4561.
Adviser: Thomas Naff.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Pennsylvania, 1993.
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School code: 0175.
University of Pennsylvania.
Contained In:
Dissertation Abstracts International 54-12A.
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