South Africa [electronic resource] : a country study / Federal Research Division, Library of Congress ; edited by Rita M. Byrnes

Washington, D.C. : Federal Research Division : For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. G.P.O., 1997
Government document
1 online resource (lxv, 532 p.) : ill., map
3rd ed
Area handbook series
DA pam ; 550-93
World constitutions illustrated
Area handbook series
DA pam ; 550-93

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Other Title:
Available from some providers with title: Country studies, South Africa
South Africa.
Electronic books.
System Details:
Mode of access: World Wide Web.
Southern African societies to ca. 1600. The earliest South Africans ; The arrival of Bantu-speaking Africans
Early European settlement. Origins of settlement ; Establishing a slave economy ; Emergence of a settler society
The rise of African states. Background to the Mfecane ; Shaka and the rise of the Zulu state ; Swazi, Sotho, and Ndebele states
The expansion of European settlement. British colonialism ; The great trek ; The Voortrekker republics and British policies
Industrialization and imperialism, 1870-1910. The mineral revolution ; Africans and industrialization ; British imperialism and the Afrikaners ; Formation of the Union of South Africa, 1910
Segregation, 1910-48. Building the legal structure of racial discrimination ; Formation of the African National Congress, 1912 ; World War I and Afrikaner nationalism ; Conflict in the 1920s ; The Great Depression and the 1930s ; The impact of World War II ; The 1948 election
Apartheid, 1948-76. The legislative implementation of apartheid ; Black resistance in the 1950s ; Consolidation apartheid in the 1960s ; The rise of black consciousness
Government in crisis, 1978-89. The contradictions of apartheid ; Divisions in the white community ; Limited reforms
Dismantling apartheid, 1990-94. The quest for peace ; "Irreversible progress" toward democracy ; Preparing for elections
Physical setting. Geographic regions ; Lakes and rivers ; Climate and rainfall ; Environmental trends
Population. Size and growth ; Distribution
Ethnic groups and language. Language groups ; Nguni ; Sotho ; Tsonga and Venda ; Afrikaans speakers ; English speakers ; Khoisan
Religion. Historical background ; Religion and apartheid ; Zion Christian Church ; Islam
Education. Early development ; Education under apartheid ; The school system in the 1990s ; Higher education
Health and welfare. Incidence of disease ; Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) ; Health care services ; Social welfare
Women in society. Women and apartheid ; Women in the 1990s
Historical development ; Postapartheid reconstruction
Structure of the economy. Gross domestic product ; External debt ; Inflation ; Economic distortions and apartheid
Role of the government. Legal restrictions ; Parastatals ; Budgets
Foreign trade and investment. Foreign trade ; Investment ; Balance of payments
Employment and labor. Labor force ; Labor and politics ; Education and employment
Extractive industries. Gold ; Diamonds and platinum ; Ferrous and nonferrous metals ; Energy minerals and petroleum
Agriculture, forestry, and fishing. Crops ; Livestock ; Forestry ; Fishing
Manufacturing. Electric power ; Heavy industry ; Chemicals industry ; Consumer goods
Transportation and telecommunications. Railroads ; Ports and shipping ; Road system and transport ; Civil aviation ; Pipelines ; Telecommunications and postal service
Environmental protection and tourism. Environmental protection ; Tourism
Banking and currency
Growth trends and potential
System of government. Historical background ; Constitutional change ; The interim constitution ; Executive and legislative authority ; Provincial and local government ; Drafting a final constitution
The legal system. The apartheid-era legal system ; The new legal system
Political participation. The 1994 elections ; Political parties ; Interest groups ; Political elites
Communications media. Radio and television ; Newspapers, magazines, and journals
Foreign relations. Relations with African states ; Relations with non-African states
International organizations
Historical background. Precolonial warfare ; Early development of the South African military ; Rise of the security establishments ; Women in the military
Global and regional issues. Arms trade and the defense industry ; Nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons ; Regional issues
Constitutional and legal framework
Military organizations. Army ; Air force ; Navy ; Medical service ; Uniforms, ranks, and insignia ; Military intelligence and intelligence coordination
Defense budget
Internal security. Police ; Crime and violence ; Prison system ; Penal code
Human rights and national reconciliation
"Research completed May 1996."
Includes bibliographical references (p. 421-483) and index
Description based on print version record
(c)2010 Cassidy Cataloguing Services, Inc
Byrnes, Rita M., 1943-
Library of Congress. Federal Research Division
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