Les cartésiens face à Newton : philosophie, science et religion dans la première moitié du XVIIIe siècle / Carlo Borghero ; traduit de l'italien par Tomaso Berni Canani.

Borghero, Carlo, 1946-, author.
Turnhout : Brepols, c2011.
156 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
Bibliothèque de l'École des hautes études. Section des sciences religieuses v. 147.
Bibliothèque de l'École des Hautes Études, Sciences Religieuses ; volume 147

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Philosophy, Modern -- 18th century.
Science -- History -- 19th century.
In French; translated from Italian.
Si l'on s'en tient au discours traditionnel, qui dépend en grande partie de Voltaire, l'histoire est linéaire: au début du XVIIIe siècle, physique newtonienne et philosophie lockienne ont détrôné Descartes. Mais l'histoire est plus compliquée. Pendant longtemps, en dehors de l'Angleterre, cartésiens et newtoniens se sont affrontés avec des visions opposées dans ce qu'un contemporain a appelé' un combat philosophique en champ clos'. Le fait est que cartésiens et newtoniens regardaient, en même temps, les mêmes phénomènes, mais ils voyaient des choses différentes. Les tentatives de fondre les deux perspectives, au nom d'une matrice métaphysique supposé commune, n'ont certes pas manqué mais il s'agissait de deux regards trop différents pour pouvoir être compatibles.
"If we stick to the traditional discourse, which depends largely on Voltaire, the story is linear in the early eighteenth century, Newtonian physics and Lockean philosophy dethroned Descartes. But history is more complicated. For a long time outside of England, Cartesian and Newtonian clashed with opposing views in what a contemporary called 'a philosophical struggle at close quarters.' The fact is, Cartesian and Newtonian looked at the same time, the same phenomena, but they saw different things. Attempts to merge the two perspectives, on behalf of a matrix assumed common metaphysical, certainly did not fail but it was two looks too different to be compatible. This becomes clear when one considers the effects that these two simultaneous and conflicting visions produced in the field of philosophical and religious doctrines. Again, the views were diametrically opposed and engendered a heated debate, that Leibniz saw the center of a network but also arguments and insinuations of the Jesuits Trévoux Journal of attentive spectators but other than neutral. This book, which gathers and develops four conferences in the EPHE, proposes to reconstruct this history in its complexity. He does so with particular attention to the Parisian scene, in which the eminent scientist Joseph Privat Cartesian Molières must suffer the attacks of the young Peter Sigorgne Newtonian, but also by focusing the eyes of a malebranchiste for a successful career in Turin and Rome, Hyacinthe-Sigismond Gerdil, who, in his refutation of Locke and its resistance to Newton, expresses a view shared by many French philosophers and scientists of his day"--Translated from publisher's website.
Includes bibliographical references and index.
Berni Canani, Tomaso, 1971-, translator.
9782503541778 (pbk.)
2503541771 (pbk.)