Introduction: 1. Religion, institutions and the transition to democracy in Africa / Edmond J. Keller and Ruth Iyob Part 1: Theoretical and empirical perspectives on religion and politics in Africa 2. The state, religion and the challenge to state hegemony / Jeffrey Haynes 3. Religious identity and civil conflict in Africa / Marc Scarcelli 4. Beyond Islamists and Sufi brotherhoods : liberal varieties of Islam in Africa and the struggle for tolerance and democracy / Sheldon Gellar Part II: Christianity and Islam in perspective: the case of Nigeria 5. Christianity, Islam and political culture: the case of Nigeria / Robert A. Dowd 6. The politics of gender: Nigerian women's responses to Shari'a / Hussainatu J. Abdullah Part III: Islam, the state and politics in North Africa: Libya, Morocco and Algeria 7. Political Islam and the state in Africa: the case of the Libyan Islamic Fighting Group / Hussein Solomon 8. Islam, the state and democracy in Algeria and Morocco / Mary-Jane Deeb Conclusion: 9. Interrogating secularism in Africa: paradigmaticor heretical? / Ruth Iyob.