[Expositio in libros Posteriorum Aristotelis] [manuscript].

Paolo, Veneto, approximately 1370-1428.
[Verona?, Italy, between 1425 and 1475]
150 leaves : paper ; 286 x 217 (180-184 x 135-145) mm. bound to 302 x 230 mm.
Aristotle. Posterior analytics -- Early works to 1800.
Aristotle -- Criticism and interpretation -- Early works to 1800.
Jesus Christ -- Art.
Logic -- Early works to 1800.
Drawings (visual works)
Manuscripts, Latin -- 15th century.
Manuscripts, Renaissance.
Commentary on Aristotle's Posterior analytics, in which syllogistic reasoning is applied to scientific proof or demonstration. The first and second gatherings end with the text written in the lower margin of the last verso, as if lacking space and nevertheless finishing before the start of the next gathering (f. 13v, 23v). Occasional marginal corrections and notes.
Ms. codex.
Title from later inscription (f. 1v).
Foliation: Paper, 150; 1¹⁴(-1, pastedown) 2-3¹⁰ 4-6¹² 7-11¹⁰ 12-13¹² 14⁸(-1, pastedown). Catchwords on the last verso of each gathering except the first, ninth, and last (f. 23v, 33v, 45v, 57v, 69v, 79v, 89v, 109v, 119v, 131v, 143v). Some signatures visible in later gatherings, lower right recto.
Layout: Written in 2 columns of 43-60 lines; frame-ruled in lead.
Script: Written in Gothic cursive script by at least 3 hands, with the first line of text in some sections in larger calligraphic script.
Decoration: 7 geometric diagrams in red and black (inside upper cover); 21-line drawing of Christ in the tomb in black and red ink in first column of text, surrounded by the opening words of the text in calligraphic letters (f. 2r); several 2-line to 7-line initials in red ink and red paragraph marks and initials touched with red in first 3 gatherings (f. 1r-45v). 4-line to 8-line initials in red ink with red penwork, or blue ink with red penwork; 14-line blue initial with red penwork and display lettering for the first words of the section (f. 100r); alternating blue and red paragraph marks in remaining gatherings. Correction for erroneous decorated initial (f. 74v). Drawing in ink of a head in profile (inside lower cover).
Binding: Contemporary (15th-century) half calf over boards, with remnants of 2 pairs of clasps; rebacked.
Origin: Written in Italy, possibly Verona (contemporary ownership inscription, f. 1r), in the mid-15th century.
Local notes:
Lawrence J. Schoenberg & Barbara Brizdle Manuscript Initiative.
Penn Provenance:
Formerly owned by Brother John of the Chapel of Verona (contemporary inscription, Iste liber est fratris Johannis a capello Veronensis, f. 1r).
Sold at auction at Butterfield & Butterfield (San Francisco), 21 October 1997, lot 3750, to Lawrence J. Schoenberg.
Deposit by Lawrence J. Schoenberg and Barbara Brizdle, 2013.
Cited in:
Described in Transformation of knowledge: early manuscripts from the collection of Lawrence J. Schoenberg (London: Paul Holberton, 2006), p. 20-21 (LJS 224).
Cited as:
LJS 224
Access Restriction:
Access to this item is subject to staff review.
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