[Commentaries on Aristotle and Porphyry] [manuscript].

[Provence or Spain, between 1450 and 1499]
119 leaves : paper ; 205 x 145 (144 x 95) mm. bound to 210 x 145 mm.
Averroës, 1126-1198. Talkhīṣ kitāb al-maqūlāt.
Averroës, 1126-1198. Talkhīs kitāb al-ʻIbārah.
Averroës, 1126-1198. Talkhīṣ madkhal Furfūriyūs.
Aristotle -- Criticism and interpretation -- Early works to 1800.
Aristotle. Categoriae.
Aristotle. De interpretatione.
Porphyry, approximately 234-approximately 305. Isagoge.
Logic -- Early works to 1800.
Manuscripts, Hebrew -- 15th century.
Manuscripts, Medieval.
Manuscripts, Renaissance.
15th-century copy of anonymous commentaries in Hebrew on talkhīṣāt (middle commentaries) by Averroës on Aristotle and Porphyry, originally written in Arabic in the 12th century. The commentaries on Aristotle's Categoriae and De interpretatione are titled Sefer ha-Maʼamarot and Sefer ha-Melitsah in the manuscript; the two commentaries of Averroës on these works are known as Talkhīṣ kitāb al-maqūlāt and Talkhīs kitāb al-ʻIbārah, respectively. The commentary on Porphyry's Isagoge is titled Sefer ha-Mavo in the manuscript; the commentary by Averroës on this work is known as Talkhīṣ madkhal Furfūriyūs. Occasional marginal notes. Lower half of one leaf following conclusion of text cut out (f. 114). Pen trials and notes in Hebrew, Latin, and French on the 3 detached leaves at the end of the manuscript.
Ms. codex.
Title supplied by cataloger.
Foliation: Paper, 119; 1¹⁸(-1) 2-7¹² 8⁸ 9¹² 10⁸(-1), 3 detached leaves; modern foliation in pencil, [1-118], upper left recto. Catchword on each leaf, lower left verso.
Layout: Written in 27-28 long lines.
Script: Written in Sephardic cursive script by a single hand.
Decoration: Small diagram in ink in lower margin (f. 75r).
Watermark: Similar to Briquet Tête de boeuf 14355 (various locations in Provence, 1446-1480).
Binding: Remnants of contemporary or near-contemporary (late 15th or early 16th century) calf over pasteboards, blind-stamped; sewing guards of parchment fragments from leaves of a mid-13th-century glossed French manuscript; upper cover detached, spine lacking, fragile.
Origin: Written in Provence or northern Spain in the second half of the 15th century.
Local notes:
Lawrence J. Schoenberg & Barbara Brizdle Manuscript Initiative.
Penn Provenance:
Early Latin ownership inscription: Iste liber est meus mestre Benustruc[?] Avidor (f. 117v).
Purchased in 1974 for the Comites Latentes collection, formed by Sion Segre Amar (ms. 129, label outside lower cover?); placed on deposit at the National Library, Jerusalem.
Sold at auction at Sotheby's, 2 December 1997, lot 88, to Lawrence J. Schoenberg.
Deposit by Lawrence J. Schoenberg and Barbara Brizdle, 2013.
Cited in:
Described in Transformation of knowledge: early manuscripts from the collection of Lawrence J. Schoenberg (London: Paul Holberton, 2006), p. 19 (LJS 229).
Cited as:
LJS 229
Access Restriction:
Access to this item is restricted.
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