[Questions on Aristotle's Physics] [manuscript].

[Ingolstadt, circa 1480]
239 leaves : paper ; 209 x 156 (145-160 x 85-100) mm. bound to 220 x 168 mm.
Aristotle -- Criticism and interpretation -- Early works to 1800.
Aristotle. Physics -- Early works to 1800.
Physics -- Early works to 1800.
Physical sciences -- Early works to 1800.
Finding tabs.
Manuscripts, Latin -- 15th century.
Manuscripts, Renaissance.
Commentary on Aristotle's Physics in the form of questions and answers following the content of the 8 books of the Physics. Each question begins with a U/V standing for the Latin word utrum (whether). Finding tabs, possibly of parchment, correspond to the book divisions of the Physics (f. 87, 115, 150, 176, 195; one tab torn out, f. 206). Numerous marginal notes. A leaf of text after the material on the Physics with the repeated heading Propleuma and paragraphs beginning with the Latin word dubitatur (it is questioned) may concern the Problemata attributed to Aristotle (f. 230r). Among the notes on the wood of the inside upper cover are a list of names and a list of works attributed to Aristotle; more notes are inside the lower cover. The front flyleaf is covered with notes in multiple hands (recto) and mnemonic verses about the contents of the Physics (verso).
1. f.1r-59v: Circa principium librorum Phisicorum hanc moveo questionem.
2. f.60r-86r: Circa secundum librum queritur.
3. f. 86v-115r: Circa tercium librum Phisicorum queritur.
4. f.115v-150r: Circa quartum Phisicorum.
5. f.150v-175v: Circa quintum Phisicorum queritur.
6. f.176r-194r: Circa initium sexti libri Phisicorum Aristotelis et queritur.
7. f.195r-206r: Circa initium septimi Phisicorum Aristotelis queritur.
8. f.206v-229r: Circa octavum Phisicorum queritur.
9. f.230r: Propleuma [= Problemata?]
Ms. codex.
Title supplied by cataloger.
Collation: Paper, 239; 1¹²(+ 2) 2¹⁰ 3-19¹² 20¹²(-1); [i, 1-2, i, 3-7, i, 8-174, i-ii, 175-234], modern foliation in pencil, every tenth leaf and leaves before and after unnumbered leaves, lower right recto.
Layout: Written in 31-37 long lines; verticals formed by folding at the half and quarter on most leaves.
Script: Written in cursive Gothic script by multiple hands.
Decoration: Large (6-line to 8-line) ornamental initials in red ink at several of the book divisions of the Physics (f. 1r, 60r, 176r, 195r, 206v), with open spaces and guide initials for the others (f. 86v, 115v, 150v); underlining in red and initials touched with red in the material on Books 1 and 2 (f. 1r-59v); horizontal Porphyrian tree illustrating cognitio with touches of red ink (f. 16v); sporadic later decorations in red in second half of manuscript (for example, 158v-159r; 164v-167v, twice incorporating the figure of a bird); mnemonic verses on the contents of the books of the Physics in faded red ink (f. i verso); few manicules (f. i recto, 2r).
Binding: Original (15th-century) leather, blind-tooled, over wooden boards with brass fittings and 2 clasps.
Origin: Written in Ingolstadt (in studio Ingolste[dii?], inside upper cover), circa 1480.
Local notes:
Lawrence J. Schoenberg & Barbara Brizdle Manuscript Initiative.
Penn Provenance:
Former ownership marks: small elongated octagonal stamp with star above waves above a circle, motto in border Habent sua fata libelli, with other text crossed out (inside upper cover); printed description from German catalog with date 16 February 1920 added by hand (inside upper cover).
Formerly owned by Erik Wirén (Stocksund, Sweden; bookplate inside upper cover with initials D.G.V.B.), no. 3538; exhibited with other Wirén manuscripts at the Röhsska Konstlöjdmuseet (Göteborg, Sweden; cat. 19), 1954.
Sold by Sam Fogg Ltd. (London) to Lawrence J. Schoenberg, July 2006.
Deposit by Lawrence J. Schoenberg and Barbara Brizdle, 2013.
Cited in:
Described in Transformation of knowledge: early manuscripts from the collection of Lawrence J. Schoenberg (London: Paul Holberton, 2006), p. 19 (LJS 483).
Cited as:
LJS 483.
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