Expansion and digression : a study in Mamluk literary commentary / Kelly Tuttle.

Tuttle, Kelly.
v, 175 p. ; 29 cm.
Local subjects:
Penn dissertations -- Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations.
Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations -- Penn dissertations.
This study traces different manifestations of source-text (matn ) expansion within Mamluk literary commentary (sharh&dotbelow; ). First, several examples of traditional literary commentary on a single source-text, the ode known as Banat Su'ad, are examined in order to determine how traditional commentary functions and the relation of the source-text to the commentary. It further examines how commentaries relate to earlier versions within the tradition. This is followed by studies of two examples of variations within the commentary style by a single author, S&dotbelow;alah&dotbelow; al-Din Khalil ibn Aybak al-S&dotbelow;afadi (d. 1363). Each of these commentaries illustrates quite well, but in different ways, the meaning of sharh&dotbelow; as expansion, both of the explication, but also of the matn itself. The first, Ikhtira' al-Khura', is a parody in the form of a commentary on two nonsense lines of poetry. Using deliberate error, al-S&dotbelow;afadi engages the reader in a literary game, tempting the reader either to prove his knowledge of the Arabic literary tradition by catching the errors and finding them humorous, or to discover the larger Arabic cultural heritage by trying to trace all the misleading information. The second, al-Ghayth al-Musajjam fi Sharh&dotbelow; Lamiyat al-'Ajam, is an extremely digressive commentary on a 12th-century poem by Abu Isma'il al-T&dotbelow;ughra'i (d. 1121). The digressions fragment and interrupt the source-text so frequently and at such length that the source-text itself nearly dissolves into the Arabic literary tradition more broadly understood. Al-S&dotbelow;afadi explains his use of digression at the beginning of his commentary. His explanation combined with the way the commentary is structured, his method of analysis, and the variety of topics he includes brings the commentary close to Roland Barthes' idea of the 'writerly.' As such, the text not only challenges readers, but draws them in and forces them to engage with the work and with the literary tradition as a whole, making them active in its creation.
Advisers: Roger M. A. Allen; Joseph E. Lowry.
Thesis (Ph.D. in Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations) -- University of Pennsylvania, 2013.
Includes bibliographical references and index.
Allen, Roger, 1942- advisor.
Lowry, Joseph E., advisor.
Allen, Roger, 1942- committee member.
Lowry, Joseph E. committee member.
Rowson, Everett K., committee member.
Cobb, Paul M. committee member.
University of Pennsylvania. Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations.
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