Water, soil and agriculture in Iraq, by P. Buringh. -Modern Arabic literature, by J. Brugman. -The Western image of the Arabs, by E. Childers. -The beginning of the emancipation of women in the Arab world, by G.W.J. Drewes. -Islam as religion, by K.A.H. Hidding. -Economic and social aspects of the Arab world, by C. Hillen. -Water in Syria, by W.J. van Liere. -Changing Arabia, by D.v.d. Meulen.