Religion and Public Reason [electronic resource] : a Comparison of the Positions of John Rawls, Jürgen Habermas and Paul Ricoeur.

Other records:
Junker-Kenny, Maureen.
Berlin : De Gruyter, 2014.
Praktische Theologie im Wissenschaftsdiskurs.
Praktische Theologie im Wissenschaftsdiskurs ; v.16
1 online resource (336 pages).
Rawls, John, 1921-2002.
Habermas, Jürgen.
Ricœur, Paul.
Religion and politics.
Local subjects:
Habermas, Ju ̈rgen.
Rawls, John, 1921-2002.
Religion and politics.
Ricoeur, Paul.
Electronic books.
Electronic books.
The role of religious self-understandings as resources for the normative foundations of democracy is much debated in social and political ethics, theology and law. The comparison of the positions of Rawls, Habermas and Ricoeur highlights alternative conceptions of the premises of "public reason" and of religion. Recent philosophical and theological receptions and critiques in English and German are brought into conversation.
Preface; Introduction; 1 Public reason as a neutral mediator in pluralist democracies in John Rawls's political philosophy; 1.1 The normative framework and its two methods of justification; 1.1.1 Justice as founded by contract and as found in reflected cultural standards; 1.1.2 Assessments of the contract foundation: The circularity of the device of the "original position"; Onora O'Neill: A metaphorical contract between idealized parties; Otfried Höffe: A ruse of rational egotists; Paul Ricoeur: Oscillating between disinterest and mutuality. Between philosophical and empirical concepts1.1.3 Beyond a constructed procedure: Convictions formed in religious and cultural history in "reflective equilibrium" with principles; 1.1.4 The completion of a contextual foundation in Political Liberalism; 1.2 "Idea of the good" and "sense of justice" as elements of moral personhood in Theory of Justice; 1.2.1 Rationality as a good and its realization in a life plan; 1.2.2 Comparison and critique of Rawls's concept of the good of selfrespect; 1.2.3 "The sense of justice."
1.2.4 The "sense of justice" compared with principled autonomy in Kant1.2.5 Natural contingency and self-respect; 1.3 Society as a cooperative venture for mutual advantage; 1.3.1 From a system of benefits and burdens to a "social union of social unions"; 1.3.2 Withdrawing from metaphysical assumptions: Classical republicanism versus civic humanism; 1.3.3 Lack of "natural assets" as grounds for intervention?; 1.3.4 Sources and significance of plurality in Theory of Justice and in Political Liberalism; Plurality in contract, associations, and primary goods. Setting the stage for the task of public reason: Philosophies as "comprehensive doctrines" in Political Liberalism1.4 Democratic life and public reason; 1.4.1 The search for a neutral ground between irreconcilable worldviews; Public reason converting comprehensive into political conceptions of justice; The paradox: Civility as abstention; The dual motivation of the overlapping consensus: comprehensive and civic; 1.4.2 The spheres of democratic life; The composition of the background culture; Religious contributions to nonpublic reason?
1.5 "Public reason" and practical reason: Critiques from a Kantian perspective1.5.1 Distinct starting points: "Public reason" between theory of law and morality; 1.5.2 An alternative guiding principle for the constitutional order: Human dignity; 1.5.3 The Law of Peoples: Transnational scope for human rights and justice?; Human rights, urgent and universal, versus constitutional and contextual; Justice
bounded or transnational?; 1.5.4 The public and the private use of practical reason; 1.6 Religion in the limits of Rawls's concept of public reason; 1.6.1 A philosophical approach to God: Kant's "highest good" and the antinomy of practical reason.
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De Gruyter Online.
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Print version: Junker-Kenny, Maureen. Religion and Public Reason : A Comparison of the Positions of John Rawls, Jürgen Habermas and Paul Ricoeur.
1306935881 (ebk)
9781306935883 (ebk)
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