Illustrations Acknowledgements Preface 1. Primary orality in the archaeological context 2. Knowledge and power in oral cultures 3. Primary orality and oral mnemonic technologies 4. Material mnemonic technologies 5. Animal and plant knowledge in oral tradition 6. Time and space 7. Case study: The Yolngu system of knowledge 8. Case study: The Pueblo system of knowledge 9. Chaco Canyon in the ancestral Puebloan context 10. Poverty Point in the North American archaic context 11. Stonehenge in the British and Irish Neolithic context Conclusions Notes Cited references Index.