Genius of the European square : how Europe's traditional multi-functional squares support social life and civic engagement : a guide for city officials, planners, architects and community leaders in North america and Europe / Suzanne H. Crowhurst Lennard, Henry L. Lennard.

Lennard, Suzanne H. Crowhurst.
Carmel, CA : International Making Cities Livable Council, 2008.
iv, 233 pages : illustrations (some color) ; 28 cm
Cities and towns -- Europe.
Plazas -- Europe.
City and town life -- Europe.
City planning -- Europe.
City planning -- United States.
City planning.
City and town life.
Sociology, Urban.
Civic improvement.
Cities and towns
City and town life.
City planning.
Civic improvement.
Sociology, Urban.
United States
Part I. Genius of the European square : A unique invention
Social life on the square
The inclusive community
Catalyst for democracy
Framing social life
Building uses, urban fabric
A hospitable
Policies to enhance spirit of place
Part II. Celebrating European squares : Piazza San Marco: Venice: Stage set and drama
The Venetian campo: ideal setting for social life and community
Piazza Il Campo, Siena: celebrating civic democracy
Piazza delle Erbe, Piazza della Frutta, & Piazza dei Signori, Padova: market squares for civic dialogue
Pizza del popolo, Ascoli Piceno: viva la passeggiata!
Grote Markt, Handschoenmarkt, Antwerp: reviving the heart of a great city
Grote Markt & the Burg, Bruges: civic stage or tourist attraction?
Strasbourg's places: crossroads of Europe
Places in Aix-en-Provence: settings for markets, students, tourists & the arts
Münsterplatz, Freiburg: a vibrant marketplace
Markt, Hildesheim: a square reborn
Salzburg's squares: vision of the ideal city
Plaza Mayor, Salamanca: sumptuous soul of the city
Old Town Square, Prague: a square that lost its functions
Upper square and lower square, Olomouc: civic salon & market place
Masaryk square, Jihlava: architectural aesthetics vs. economic function
Main Square, Kraków: a magnificently restored square
Part III. Dangers to the European square
Learning from the European square
Principles for designing a multi-functional European-style square.
"A Gondolier Press Book."
Includes bibliographical references (pages 223-226) and index.
Local notes:
Acquired for the Penn Libraries with assistance from the Class of 1924 Book Fund.
Lennard, Henry L.
Class of 1924 Book Fund.
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