Perspectives de L’économie Mondiale, Septembre 2011 [electronic resource] : Croissance au ralenti, risques en hausse.

International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.
Washington, D.C. : International Monetary Fund, 2011.
IMF eLibrary
World Economic Outlook; World Economic Outlook.
World Economic Outlook; World Economic Outlook
Government document
1 online resource (242 p.)
Local subjects:
Account deficits.
Actual inflation.
Aggregate demand.
Agricultural trade.
Agricultural trade liberalization.
Asset market.
Average rate of inflation.
Balance of payments.
Bond investors.
Bond issues.
Bond prices.
Bond rates.
Bond yields.
Budget balance.
Budget consolidation.
Budget deficit.
Budget law.
Budget projections.
Bull markets.
Capital adequacy.
Capital control.
Capital controls.
Capital flow.
Capital flows.
Capital inflow.
Capital markets.
Central bank.
Change in inflation.
Commodity derivative.
Commodity derivatives.
Commodity exporters.
Commodity futures.
Commodity markets.
Consumer price index.
Corporate bonds.
Cost of capital.
Cost-push inflation.
Credit expansion.
Credit rating.
Currency crises.
Current account.
Current account adjustment.
Current account balance.
Current account deficit.
Current account deficits.
Current account surplus.
Current accounts.
Debt burdens.
Debt data.
Debt database.
Debt problems.
Debt relief.
Debt service.
Debt servicing.
Debt sustainability.
Deposit insurance.
Deposit rates.
Derivative assets.
Derivative market.
Derivative markets.
Discretionary fiscal policy.
Dollar value.
Domestic credit.
Domestic currency.
Domestic demand.
Domestic economy.
Domestic equity.
Domestic financial markets.
Domestic investment.
Domestic monetary authority.
Domestic monetary management.
Domestic public debt.
Economic cooperation.
Economic instability.
Economic integration.
Effective exchange rates.
Effective interest rate.
Effects of inflation.
Emergency stocks.
Employment growth.
Equity capital.
Equity markets.
Equity prices.
European monetary union.
Excess supply.
Exchange rate movements.
Exchange rate regime.
Exchange rates.
Expectations of inflation.
Export earnings.
Exporters of capital.
Exporting countries.
External debt.
External debt burdens.
External debt servicing.
External finance.
External financing.
External financing flows.
External payments.
External payments arrears.
External position.
External shocks.
Financial assets.
Financial booms.
Financial cycles.
Financial globalization.
Financial instability.
Financial institutions.
Financial instruments.
Financial integration.
Financial intermediaries.
Financial intermediation.
Financial liberalization.
Financial market.
Financial markets.
Financial reform.
Financial reforms.
Financial repression.
Financial sector.
Financial sector development.
Financial services.
Financial stability.
Financial system.
Financial systems.
Financial volatility.
Financial vulnerabilities.
Fiscal accounts.
Fiscal adjustment.
Fiscal adjustments.
Fiscal balance.
Fiscal change.
Fiscal changes.
Fiscal consolidation.
Fiscal consolidations.
Fiscal contraction.
Fiscal data.
Fiscal deficit.
Fiscal deficits.
Fiscal expansion.
Fiscal expansions.
Fiscal instrument.
Fiscal instruments.
Fiscal measure.
Fiscal measures.
Fiscal model.
Fiscal plans.
Fiscal policies.
Fiscal policy.
Fiscal policy response.
Fiscal position.
Fiscal positions.
Fiscal risks.
Fiscal shocks.
Fiscal spending.
Fiscal stance.
Fiscal stimulus.
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Fixed capital formation.
Foreign currency.
Foreign equity.
Foreign exchange.
Foreign trade.
Futures exchange.
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Futures trading.
Gdp deflator.
Global current account.
Global equity markets.
Global financial markets.
Global liquidity.
Global markets.
Global supply.
Global trade.
Globalization of trade.
Government bond.
Government bond yields.
Government bonds.
Government debt.
Government deficit.
Government spending.
Government spending shocks.
Hedge fund.
Hedge funds.
High inflation.
High-yield corporate bonds.
Idiosyncratic factors.
Import costs.
Import prices.
Increase in inflation.
Indirect taxes.
Inflation data.
Inflation dynamics.
Inflation forecasts.
Inflation objective.
Inflation process.
Inflation rate.
Inflation rates.
Inflation rising.
Inflation stabilization.
Inflation target.
Inflationary expectations.
International bond.
International bond issues.
International financial.
International financial crises.
International financial markets.
International financial statistics.
International money markets.
International reserves.
International trade.
Investment flows.
Investor confidence.
Liquidity support.
London metal exchange.
Long-term interest rates.
Loss of confidence.
Low inflation.
Macroeconomic performance.
Macroeconomic stability.
Market assets.
Measure of inflation.
Medium-term fiscal sustainability.
Monetary aggregates.
Monetary anchor.
Monetary authorities.
Monetary authority.
Monetary conditions.
Monetary control.
Monetary economics.
Monetary expansion.
Monetary fund.
Monetary management.
Monetary policies.
Monetary policy.
Monetary policy decision.
Monetary policy framework.
Monetary policy reaction function.
Monetary policy regimes.
Monetary policy rules.
Monetary union.
Money growth.
Money markets.
National bank.
Negative spillovers.
Net capital.
Net commodity importers.
Net debt.
Net debtor.
Net debtors.
Net exports.
Nominal exchange rate.
Nominal interest rate.
Nominal interest rates.
Non-oil commodity.
Non-oil commodity prices.
Official creditors.
Oil exporters.
Oil importers.
Oil revenues.
Oil-importing economies.
Open market.
Optimal monetary policy.
Output growth.
Output volatility.
Outstanding stocks.
Percent inflation.
Policy regimes.
Portfolio equity flows.
Price fluctuations.
Price inflation.
Price stability.
Private capital.
Private capital flows.
Private capital inflows.
Private financing.
Public debt.
Public spending.
Range of inflation.
Rate of inflation.
Rates of inflation.
Real disposable incomes.
Real effective exchange rates.
Real exchange rates.
Real interest rate.
Real interest rates.
Real output.
Real value.
Real variables.
Regional trade.
Regional trade agreements.
Relative price.
Relative prices.
Reserve requirement.
Reserve requirements.
Retail price index.
Rise in inflation.
Rising inflation.
Risk aversion.
Securities market.
Short-term debt.
Social safety nets.
Social unrest.
Sovereign bonds.
Spending cuts.
Stock market.
Stock prices.
Strong capital inflows.
Supply chain.
Tax changes.
Tax cuts.
Tax policy.
Tax rates.
Tax reform.
Tax reforms.
Tax revenue.
Tax revenues.
Taxes on labor.
Terms of trade.
Tight monetary policy.
Total external debt.
Trade agreements.
Trade channels.
Trade classification.
Trade liberalization.
Trade quotas.
Trade volumes.
Trading partners.
Trading system.
Transmission of monetary policy.
Treasury securities.
Unemployment rate.
Value of exports.
Volume of trade.
Wage inflation.
World exports.
World growth.
World growth rate.
World market.
World output.
World prices.
World trade.
Saint Lucia.
The September 2011 edition of the World Economic Outlook assesses the prospects for the global economy, which is now in a dangerous new phase. Global activity has weakened and become more uneven, confidence has fallen sharply recently, and downside risks are growing. Against a backdrop of unresolved structural fragilities, a barrage of shocks hit the international economy this year, including the devastating Japanese earthquake and tsunami, unrest in some oil-producing countries, and the major financial turbulence in the euro area. Two of the forces now shaping the global economy are high and rising commodity prices and the need for many economies to address large budget deficits. Chapter 3 examines the inflationary effects of commodity price movements and the appropriate monetary policy response. Chapter 4 explores the implications of efforts by advanced economies to restore fiscal sustainability and by emerging and developing economies to tighten fiscal policy to rebuild fiscal policy room and in some cases to restrain overheating pressures.
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