Perspectives économiques régionales, Avril 2011 [electronic resource] : Afrique subsaharienne: Reprise et nouveaux risques.

International Monetary Fund. African Dept.
Washington, D.C. : International Monetary Fund, 2011.
IMF eLibrary
Regional Economic Outlook
Government document
1 online resource (128 p.)
Local subjects:
Account deficits.
Adjustment to shocks.
Aggregate consumption.
Aggregate demand.
Agricultural commodities.
Average discount rate.
Average exchange rates.
Barriers to entry.
Bilateral exchange rates.
Bond index.
Bond issuance.
Bond issuances.
Bond issue.
Bond issues.
Bond market.
Bond market development.
Bond markets.
Bond yield.
Bond yields.
Border trade.
Capital account transactions.
Capital accounts.
Capital adequacy.
Capital controls.
Capital flows.
Capital inflow.
Capital inflows.
Capital market.
Capital market imperfections.
Capital markets.
Capital stock.
Cash flow.
Commodity exporters.
Commodity prices.
Common market.
Consumer price index.
Crowding out.
Currency depreciation.
Currency overvaluation.
Currency swaps.
Current account balance.
Current account deficits.
Debt securities.
Debt stocks.
Determinants of capital flows.
Discount rate.
Dollar exchange rate.
Dollar exchange rates.
Domestic capital.
Domestic capital markets.
Domestic credit.
Domestic demand.
Domestic interest rates.
Domestic prices.
Domestic production.
Domestic savings.
Domestic securities.
Economic outcomes.
Effective exchange rate.
Effective exchange rates.
Elimination of tariffs.
Emerging market bond.
Equilibrium exchange rate.
Equity inflows.
Equity investment.
Equity markets.
Equity prices.
Equity securities.
Equity shares.
Excess liquidity.
Exchange arrangements.
Exchange markets.
Exchange rate.
Exchange rate adjustment.
Exchange rate appreciation.
Exchange rate appreciations.
Exchange rate change.
Exchange rate changes.
Exchange rate crisis.
Exchange rate depreciation.
Exchange rate depreciations.
Exchange rate determination.
Exchange rate developments.
Exchange rate flexibility.
Exchange rate fluctuations.
Exchange rate interventions.
Exchange rate regimes.
Exchange rate risk.
Exchange rate volatility.
Exchange rates.
Exchange restrictions.
Exchange sales.
Exchange shortages.
Export diversification.
Export earnings.
Export growth.
Export performance.
Export price.
Export volume.
Exporting countries.
Exports of goods.
External financing.
External shocks.
External tariff.
External tariffs.
Financial institutions.
Financial instruments.
Financial intermediation.
Financial market.
Financial market development.
Financial markets.
Financial sector.
Financial sector development.
Financial services.
Financial stability.
Financial system.
Financial systems.
Financial volatility.
Fiscal accounts.
Fiscal consolidation.
Fiscal deficits.
Fiscal framework.
Fixed exchange rate.
Fixed exchange rate regimes.
Fixed exchange rates.
Flexible exchange rate.
Flexible exchange rate regimes.
Floating exchange rate.
Floating exchange rate regimes.
Floating exchange rates.
Food exports.
Foreign capital.
Foreign equity.
Foreign exchange.
Foreign exchange market.
Foreign exchange markets.
Foreign exchange sales.
Foreign exchange shortages.
Foreign investment.
Global capital flows.
Global economic recovery.
Global shocks.
Global trade.
Government bonds.
Government expenditure.
Government securities.
Gross domestic product.
Hedging instruments.
Idiosyncratic factors.
Import taxes.
Importing countries.
Inflation rate.
Infrastructure bonds.
Intermediate products.
Internal tariffs.
International capital.
International capital flows.
International country risk guide.
International finance.
International finance corporation.
International financial statistics.
International reserves.
International trade.
Investment incentives.
Investor confidence.
Local currency bond.
Local currency bond issue.
Market bond.
Market exchange rates.
Market segmentation.
Medium-term fiscal framework.
Monetary union.
Net capital.
Net capital flows.
Nominal effective exchange rate.
Nominal exchange rate.
Nominal exchange rates.
Non-oil commodity.
Non-oil commodity prices.
Nontariff barriers.
Official flows.
Oil countries.
Oil exporters.
Oil importers.
Oil prices.
Oil revenues.
Oil shock.
Oil-exporting countries.
Oil-importing countries.
Open capital markets.
Open markets.
Output growth.
Partner countries.
Per capita income.
Portfolio investment.
Private capital.
Private capital flows.
Private capital inflows.
Private financing.
Private flows.
Private inflows.
Private investors.
Process of liberalization.
Real effective exchange rate.
Real effective exchange rates.
Real exchange rate.
Real exchange rates.
Regional bond market.
Regional bond markets.
Regional integration.
Regional trade.
Regional trade integration.
Regulatory barriers.
Regulatory framework.
Restrictions on capital account transactions.
Risk aversion.
Rural population.
Securities market.
Securities markets.
Skilled labor.
Sovereign bond.
Sovereign bonds.
Stabilization programs.
Stock exchange.
Stock exchanges.
Stock market.
Stock market capitalization.
Stock market indices.
Tariff rate.
Tariff structure.
Tax ratios.
Tax revenues.
Terms of trade.
Total exports.
Trade impact.
Trade in services.
Trade integration.
Trade liberalization.
Trade partners.
Trade reforms.
Trading partners.
Treasury bond.
Treasury bond yield.
Treasury bond yields.
Treasury bonds.
Volatile capital.
World economy.
Congo, Democratic Republic of the.
South Africa.
Sub-Saharan Africa's economic recovery is well under way, although among country groups there is variation in the speed of the recovery. In most of the region's low-income countries and among the seven oil exporters growth is almost back to precrisis levels. However, in the region's middle-income countries, including South Africa, the recovery has been more gradual. This Regional Economic Outlook describes the impact of recent economic developments---sharp increases in food and fuel prices will need fiscal interventions targeting the poor, while higher oil prices will be a boon to some countries and adversely affect others. Policy adjustments are needed to move away from the supportive stance of the last few years but should be balanced against the need to alleviate the impact of rising food prices on poor households.
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