América Central [electronic resource] : Progreso económico y reformas, Desruelle, Dominique.

Desruelle, Dominique.
Washington, D.C. : International Monetary Fund, 2009.
IMF eLibrary
Departmental Papers / Policy Papers; Departmental Paper No. 08/01.
Departmental Papers / Policy Papers; Departmental Paper No. 08/01
Government document
1 online resource (234 p.)
Local subjects:
Anti-poverty policy.
Antidumping policies.
Antisubsidy duties.
Balance of payments.
Bilateral agreements.
Bilateral free trade.
Bilateral free trade agreements.
Bilateral trade.
Bilateral trade agreement.
Bilateral trade agreements.
Bond financing.
Bond issuance.
Bond issuances.
Bond issues.
Bond market.
Bond markets.
Bond rating.
Border controls.
Border mergers.
Capital adequacy.
Capital base.
Capital flows.
Capital gains.
Capital gains tax.
Capital market.
Capital market development.
Capital market integration.
Capital market securities.
Capital market transactions.
Capital markets.
Capital structure.
Carousel fraud.
Cash flows.
Central government expenditures.
Central security depository.
Classification of goods.
Clearing customs.
Combination of variables.
Commercial codes.
Commodity prices.
Common customs.
Common external tariff.
Common market.
Common regulations.
Common trade policy.
Community customs.
Competition policy.
Consumption distribution.
Corporate bond.
Corporate bond issuance.
Corporate bond markets.
Corporate bond rating.
Corporate bonds.
Corporate securities.
Country of destination.
Credit rating.
Credit rating agencies.
Crowding out.
Currency crises.
Current account deficit.
Customs administration.
Customs administrations.
Customs authority.
Customs clearance.
Customs clearances.
Customs code.
Customs control.
Customs controls.
Customs cooperation.
Customs data.
Customs documents.
Customs duties.
Customs duty.
Customs facilities.
Customs fraud.
Customs information.
Customs legislation.
Customs matters.
Customs modernization.
Customs officers.
Customs offices.
Customs officials.
Customs operations.
Customs organization.
Customs posts.
Customs procedures.
Customs revenue.
Customs services.
Customs systems.
Customs territory.
Customs training.
Customs union.
Customs union agreement.
Customs unions.
Customs valuation.
Debt securities.
Deposit interest.
Deposit interest rates.
Derivative exchange.
Derivatives exchange.
Development of corporate bond markets.
Direction of trade statistics.
Distribution of income.
Distribution of resources.
Domestic banks.
Domestic capital.
Domestic capital markets.
Domestic consumption.
Domestic corporate bond.
Domestic equity.
Domestic interest rates.
Domestic market.
Domestic securities.
Domestic shocks.
Domestic taxes.
Duty-free access.
Economic community.
Economic cooperation.
Economic integration.
Elimination of customs duties.
Equity capital.
Equity derivatives.
Equity financing.
Equity income.
Equity investment.
Equity market.
Equity markets.
Equity securities.
Equity shares.
Excess liquidity.
Exchange rate policies.
Exchange rates.
Excise taxes.
Export growth.
Export market.
Export markets.
Export taxes.
External equity.
External financing.
External shocks.
External tariff.
Factor markets.
Financial assets.
Financial conglomerates.
Financial contracts.
Financial institutions.
Financial intermediaries.
Financial intermediation.
Financial markets.
Financial sector.
Financial sector development.
Financial securities.
Financial statements.
Financial statistics.
Financial system.
Fiscal incidence.
Fiscal policy.
Fiscal redistribution.
Fiscal stance.
Foreign ownership.
Foreign portfolio investment.
Foreign securities.
Foreign trade.
Fostering trade.
Free movement of labor.
Free trade.
Free trade agreement.
Free trade agreements.
Free trade area.
Free trade areas.
Free trade zone.
Free trade zones.
Functional form.
Geographic proximity.
Gini coefficient.
Gini index.
Global competition.
Global financial markets.
Global integration.
Global market.
Global markets.
Government bond.
Government expenditure.
Government expenditures.
Government revenue.
Government securities.
Government spending.
Gross domestic product.
Harmonization of rules.
Import duty.
Import quotas.
Import substitution.
Import tariffs.
Import taxes.
Imported goods.
Income distribution.
Income redistribution.
Increased trade.
Indirect tax.
Indirect taxes.
Inequality changes.
Inequality falls.
Inequality reduction.
Inequality will.
Insider trading.
Institutional convergence.
Integrated market.
Integration efforts.
Intellectual property.
Intermediate goods.
Internal borders.
Internal customs controls.
Internal tariffs.
Internal taxes.
International financial.
International financial institutions.
International financial statistics.
International investment.
International standards.
International trade.
International trade operations.
Intraregional trade.
Investment flows.
Investment restrictions.
Investor confidence.
Investor protection.
Issuance of bonds.
Levels of public spending.
Liberalization policies.
Liquid capital.
Liquid capital market.
Listed securities.
Local stock exchange.
Local stock exchanges.
Market integration.
Market segment.
Mature capital markets.
Measure of inequality.
Member country.
Metal products.
Monetary integration.
Monetary union.
Monte carlo simulations.
Multilateral context.
Multilateral opening.
Multilateral trade.
Multilateral trade liberalization.
Mutual funds.
Mutual recognition.
National market.
National markets.
National policies.
National tariffs.
National trade policy.
Net exporters.
New securities.
Non-member countries.
Non-preferential rules.
Nonmember countries.
Nontariff barriers.
Number of variables.
Oil prices.
Open economies.
Open market.
Output growth.
Pattern of trade.
Per capita income.
Political economy.
Portfolio investment.
Positive externalities.
Preferential access.
Preferential agreement.
Preferential rules.
Preferential rules of origin.
Price discovery.
Private bond.
Private bonds.
Private capital.
Private capital markets.
Probability value.
Process of integration.
Process of liberalization.
Process of trade liberalization.
Protection measures.
Prudential requirements.
Public expenditure.
Public expenditures.
Public finance.
Public finances.
Public spending.
Public spending on primary education.
Public transfers.
Quantitative restrictions.
Redistributional impact.
Redistributive effects.
Redistributive impact.
Reducing inequality.
Reducing poverty.
Regional integration.
Regional trade.
Regional trade agreements.
Regulatory convergence.
Regulatory framework.
Reserve requirements.
Risk diversification.
Rules of origin.
Sales taxes.
Sample sizes.
Secondary bond markets.
Securities depository.
Securities exchange.
Securities exchanges.
Securities law.
Securities laws.
Securities market.
Securities markets.
Securities settlement.
Securitization of assets.
Social safety net.
Social security.
Social services.
Social spending.
Standard deviation.
Stock brokers.
Stock exchange.
Stock exchanges.
Stock market.
Stock markets.
Subsistence economies.
Tariff classification.
Tariff levels.
Tariff lines.
Tariff rates.
Tariff reductions.
Tariff structure.
Tariff structures.
Tax base.
Tax burden.
Tax collection.
Tax collections.
Tax concessions.
Tax credits.
Tax design.
Tax incentives.
Tax income.
Tax payments.
Tax policy.
Tax rates.
Tax ratio.
Tax reform.
Tax reforms.
Tax revenue.
Tax revenues.
Tax shifting.
Tax structure.
Tax structures.
Tax system.
Tax systems.
Terms of trade.
Terms of trade shocks.
Tradable securities.
Trade agreement.
Trade agreements.
Trade area.
Trade areas.
Trade arrangements.
Trade blocs.
Trade diversion.
Trade facilitation.
Trade flows.
Trade in services.
Trade integration.
Trade liberalization.
Trade policies.
Trade protection.
Trade restrictions.
Trade round.
Trade shock.
Trade shocks.
Trade structure.
Trade taxes.
Trade treaties.
Trade volumes.
Trading arrangements.
Trading opportunities.
Trading partner.
Trading partners.
Trading system.
Transition period.
Unequal distribution.
Valuation of security.
Value-added tax.
Value-added taxes.
Vector autoregression.
Vulnerable groups.
World economy.
World trade.
World trade organization.
Costa Rica.
El Salvador.
Departmental papers are usually focused on a specific economic topic, country, or region. They are prepared in a timely way to support the outreach needs of the IMF’s area and functional departments.
Description based on print version record.
Desruelle, Dominique.
Schipke, Alfred.
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