Financial Sector Reform and Banking Crises in the Baltic Countries [electronic resource]

International Monetary Fund
Washington, D.C. : International Monetary Fund, 1996.
IMF eLibrary
IMF Working Papers; Working Paper No. 96/134.
IMF Working Papers; Working Paper No. 96/134
Government document
1 online resource (52 p.)
Local subjects:
Accounting standards. (search)
Accounting treatment. (search)
Agricultural bank. (search)
Asset management. (search)
Asset management company. (search)
Bank assets. (search)
Bank capital. (search)
Bank credit. (search)
Bank credits. (search)
Bank crisis. (search)
Bank deposit. (search)
Bank deposits. (search)
Bank failures. (search)
Bank fees. (search)
Bank financing. (search)
Bank insolvencies. (search)
Bank intermediation. (search)
Bank lending. (search)
Bank losses. (search)
Bank of latvia. (search)
Bank reform. (search)
Bank rehabilitation. (search)
Bank rehabilitation agency. (search)
Bank reserves. (search)
Bank restructuring. (search)
Bank restructuring strategies. (search)
Bank runs. (search)
Bank shares. (search)
Bank soundness. (search)
Bankers. (search)
Banking. (search)
Banking activities. (search)
Banking assets. (search)
Banking crises. (search)
Banking crisis. (search)
Banking industry. (search)
Banking institutions. (search)
Banking law. (search)
Banking market. (search)
Banking practices. (search)
Banking regulations. (search)
Banking sector. (search)
Banking sectors. (search)
Banking supervision. (search)
Banking system. (search)
Banking system assets. (search)
Banking systems. (search)
Bankrupt. (search)
Bankruptcy court. (search)
Bankruptcy law. (search)
Banks assets. (search)
Banks balance sheets. (search)
Capital account liberalization. (search)
Capital adequacy. (search)
Capital adequacy ratio. (search)
Capital base. (search)
Capital requirement. (search)
Central banking. (search)
Closed banks. (search)
Closure of banks. (search)
Collection agency. (search)
Connected lending. (search)
Contagion. (search)
Credit policy. (search)
Cross country experience. (search)
Deposit insurance. (search)
Deposit protection. (search)
Disintermediation. (search)
Domestic liquidity. (search)
Financial crises. (search)
Financial crisis. (search)
Financial deepening. (search)
Financial distress. (search)
Financial indicators. (search)
Financial liberalization. (search)
Financial reforms. (search)
Financial sector development. (search)
Fiscal crisis. (search)
Foreign exchange. (search)
Foreign exchange exposure. (search)
Foreign exchange market. (search)
Insider lending. (search)
Insolvent banks. (search)
Interbank market. (search)
Interbank money market. (search)
Internal control. (search)
Liability management. (search)
Liquidation of banks. (search)
Low liquidity. (search)
Macroeconomic stability. (search)
Macroeconomic stabilization. (search)
Monetary authority. (search)
Potential exposure. (search)
Prudential regulation. (search)
Prudential supervision. (search)
Recapitalization. (search)
Reserve requirement. (search)
Reserve requirements. (search)
Resource allocation. (search)
Retail banking. (search)
Retained earnings. (search)
Savings bank. (search)
Segmentation. (search)
Systemic crisis. (search)
Systemic risk. (search)
Universal bank. (search)
Universal banking. (search)
Estonia. (search)
Lithuania. (search)
Financial sector reform in the Baltic countries is reviewed in light of the banking crises that emerged during the reform period. It is argued that the crises had their roots in the structural deficiencies specific to planned economies and the financial environment that developed before and after these countries regained their independence, thus rendering them largely inevitable. Because of the low level of financial intermediation, however, even the failure of large banks had limited systemic effects and a minor negative impact on output and incomes. The crises slowed down the financial reform process, but brought about a desired consolidation of the banking sector.
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