Helping Countries Develop [electronic resource] : The Role of Fiscal Policy, Clements, Benedict J..

Clements, Benedict J.
Washington, D.C. : International Monetary Fund, 2004.
IMF eLibrary
Government document
1 online resource (540 p.)
Local subjects:
Abolition of fees.
Access to health facilities.
Access to health services.
Accountability mechanisms.
Accounts payable.
Accrual accounting.
Accumulation of arrears.
Activist fiscal policy.
Actual expenditures.
Adjustment process.
Administrative improvements.
Adult illiteracy.
Adult literacy.
Age groups.
Aggregate demand.
Aggregate expenditure.
Aggregate expenditure control.
Aggregate fiscal.
Aids epidemic.
Amount of debt.
Annual accounts.
Annual budget.
Annual budgets.
Armed conflict.
Armed conflicts.
Armed force.
Arms race.
Arms races.
Asymmetric shocks.
Attendance at school.
Audit institutions.
Average score.
Average tax ratio.
Average teacher salaries.
Balance of payments.
Basic education strategy.
Basic literacy.
Budget act.
Budget activities.
Budget allocations.
Budget balance.
Budget balances.
Budget circulars.
Budget classification.
Budget composition.
Budget constraint.
Budget cycle.
Budget deficit.
Budget deficits.
Budget department.
Budget director.
Budget discipline.
Budget discussions.
Budget document.
Budget estimates.
Budget execution.
Budget execution law.
Budget execution procedures.
Budget formulation.
Budget framework.
Budget imbalances.
Budget law.
Budget legislation.
Budget management.
Budget managers.
Budget ministry.
Budget outcome.
Budget outcomes.
Budget preparation.
Budget preparation process.
Budget preparation system.
Budget preparation systems.
Budget process.
Budget projections.
Budget support.
Budget transfers.
Budget transparency.
Budget year.
Budgetary allocations.
Budgetary consolidation.
Budgetary expenditures.
Budgetary management.
Budgetary process.
Budgetary programs.
Budgetary resources.
Budgetary rules.
Budgeted expenditure.
Budgeted expenditures.
Capita health spending.
Capital expenditure.
Capital expenditures.
Capital gains tax.
Capital income taxation.
Cash budgeting.
Categories of expenditure.
Categories of expenditures.
Central government budget.
Central government fiscal.
Child health.
Child mortality.
Child survival.
Childhood nutrition.
Civil conflict.
Civil service teachers.
Civil war.
Civil wars.
Classification of expenditures.
Clinical services.
Community levels.
Community schools.
Community teachers.
Comparative education.
Completion rate.
Completion rates.
Composition of expenditure.
Composition of expenditures.
Composition of government expenditure.
Composition of government spending.
Composition of public spending.
Compulsory school uniforms.
Confidence interval.
Confidence intervals.
Conflict economies.
Consumption taxes.
Corporate income tax.
Corporate tax base.
Corporate tax rate.
Corporate tax rates.
Corporate taxes.
Corporation tax.
Cost of education.
Costs of conflict.
Costs of violence.
Currency debt.
Current account deficit.
Current expenditures.
Debt accumulation.
Debt burden.
Debt burdens.
Debt crises.
Debt crisis.
Debt default.
Debt dynamics.
Debt explosions.
Debt negotiations.
Debt obligations.
Debt overhang.
Debt ratio.
Debt ratios.
Debt reduction.
Debt relief.
Debt service.
Debt service payments.
Debt statistics.
Debt stock.
Debt stocks.
Debt sustainability.
Debt sustainability analyses.
Debt sustainability analysis.
Debt sustainability issues.
Debt-service burden.
Debt-service obligations.
Defense expenditures.
Defense spending.
Deficit financing.
Demand for education.
Determinants of health.
Development plans.
Development policy.
Development strategy.
Direct tax.
Disabled children.
Distribution of expenditures.
Domestic borrowing.
Domestic currency.
Domestic debt.
Domestic expenditure.
Domestic food.
Domestic food production.
Domestic tax.
Domestic tax reform.
Domestic taxes.
Double taxation.
Dropout rates.
Dual budgeting.
Dummy variable.
Economic convergence.
Economic integration.
Economics of education.
Educated children.
Educated people.
Educated population.
Education budget.
Education budgets.
Education decisions.
Education department.
Education economics.
Education expenditures.
Education for all.
Education for children.
Education indicators.
Education initiative.
Education initiatives.
Education of children.
Education project.
Education providers.
Education quality.
Education sector.
Education sector reform.
Education services.
Education spending.
Education strategy.
Education system.
Education systems.
Educational achievement.
Educational attainment.
Educational attainments.
Educational costs.
Educational development.
Educational improvement.
Educational materials.
Educational opportunities.
Educational outcomes.
Educational performance.
Educational policy.
Educational resources.
Educational standards.
Effective exchange rate.
Efficiency of government expenditure.
Efficiency of government expenditures.
Enrollment data.
Enrollment of girls.
Enrollment rate.
Enrollment rates.
Enrollment ratio.
Estimation procedure.
Ethnic divisions.
Ethnic fractionalization.
Ethnic fragmentation.
Evolution of debt.
Excessive debt.
Excessive deficits.
Exchange rate.
Exchange rate appreciation.
Exchange rate depreciation.
Exchange rate management.
Exchange rate misalignment.
Exchange rate regime.
Exchange rates.
Exchange reserves.
Excise taxes.
Expansionary fiscal.
Expansionary fiscal contraction.
Expansionary fiscal contractions.
Expenditure adjustments.
Expenditure allocations.
Expenditure categories.
Expenditure ceilings.
Expenditure commitment control systems.
Expenditure commitments.
Expenditure components.
Expenditure composition.
Expenditure control.
Expenditure controls.
Expenditure data.
Expenditure framework.
Expenditure groups.
Expenditure implications.
Expenditure incidence.
Expenditure inefficiencies.
Expenditure items.
Expenditure level.
Expenditure management.
Expenditure management system.
Expenditure management systems.
Expenditure needs.
Expenditure policies.
Expenditure policy.
Expenditure priorities.
Expenditure process.
Expenditure reform.
Expenditure responsibilities.
Expenditure share.
Expenditure survey.
Exponential distribution.
Export tax.
Export taxes.
External audit.
External borrowing.
External debt.
External debt burden.
External debt indicators.
External debt service.
External debt stock.
External debt sustainability.
External finance.
External financing.
External shocks.
External tariff.
Extrabudgetary funds.
Female education.
Female illiteracy.
Financial management.
Financing health care.
Fiscal accounts.
Fiscal activities.
Fiscal adjustment.
Fiscal adjustment effort.
Fiscal adjustment efforts.
Fiscal adjustment episodes.
Fiscal adjustment in transition.
Fiscal adjustments.
Fiscal affairs.
Fiscal affairs department.
Fiscal aggregates.
Fiscal assumptions.
Fiscal austerity.
Fiscal balance.
Fiscal balance in percent.
Fiscal balances.
Fiscal behavior.
Fiscal budget.
Fiscal conditions.
Fiscal consequences.
Fiscal consolidation.
Fiscal consolidation affect.
Fiscal consolidation effort.
Fiscal consolidation efforts.
Fiscal consolidation on growth.
Fiscal consolidations.
Fiscal contraction.
Fiscal contractions.
Fiscal control.
Fiscal convergence.
Fiscal criteria.
Fiscal data.
Fiscal debt.
Fiscal debt burden.
Fiscal decentralization.
Fiscal deficit.
Fiscal deficit variable.
Fiscal deficits.
Fiscal discipline.
Fiscal documentation.
Fiscal effects of aid.
Fiscal expansion.
Fiscal expansions.
Fiscal flexibility.
Fiscal framework.
Fiscal frameworks.
Fiscal imbalances.
Fiscal impact.
Fiscal implications.
Fiscal impulse.
Fiscal incentives.
Fiscal incidence.
Fiscal instruments.
Fiscal issues.
Fiscal management.
Fiscal multiplier.
Fiscal multipliers.
Fiscal norms.
Fiscal operations.
Fiscal outcomes.
Fiscal performance.
Fiscal performances.
Fiscal perspective.
Fiscal plans.
Fiscal policies.
Fiscal policy.
Fiscal policy adjustments.
Fiscal policy management.
Fiscal policy variables.
Fiscal position.
Fiscal positions.
Fiscal problems.
Fiscal prudence.
Fiscal reference.
Fiscal reform.
Fiscal reforms.
Fiscal reporting.
Fiscal reports.
Fiscal resources.
Fiscal response.
Fiscal retrenchment.
Fiscal revenue.
Fiscal revenues.
Fiscal risks.
Fiscal rule.
Fiscal rules.
Fiscal side.
Fiscal stability.
Fiscal stabilizations.
Fiscal stance.
Fiscal studies.
Fiscal surplus.
Fiscal surpluses.
Fiscal sustainability.
Fiscal targets.
Fiscal tightening.
Fiscal transparency.
Fiscal variables.
Fiscal vulnerabilities.
Fiscal vulnerability.
Fiscal years.
Fixed exchange rate.
Fixed exchange rate regime.
Food aid.
Food aid convention.
Food aid flows.
Food aid programs.
Food assistance.
Food assistance programs.
Food availability.
Food consumption.
Food crises.
Food imports.
Food insecurity.
Food needs.
Food output.
Food policy.
Food production.
Food production per capita.
Food security.
Food shortages.
Food supplies.
Food supply.
Foreign aid.
Foreign borrowing.
Foreign capital.
Foreign currency debt.
Foreign debt.
Foreign exchange.
Foreign exchange market.
Foreign exchange reserves.
Foreign investment.
Foreign loans.
Formal sector.
Full accrual accounting.
Functional form.
General equilibrium model.
Girls in school.
Global food.
Goodness of fit.
Government accounting.
Government budget.
Government budget balance.
Government budget constraint.
Government budget deficits.
Government debt.
Government expenditure.
Government expenditure policy.
Government expenditures.
Government loan.
Government revenue.
Government spending.
Gross enrollment.
Gross enrollment rates.
Gross enrollment ratio.
Gross primary school enrollment.
Growth collapses.
Health care.
Health care expenditure.
Health care per capita.
Health care spending.
Health economics.
Health expenditure.
Health expenditures.
Health indicators.
Health inequalities.
Health inequality.
Health interventions.
Health planning.
Health policy.
Health policy discussion.
Health resources.
Health sector.
Health service.
Health services.
Health spending.
Health status.
Health status indicators.
Health system.
Health systems.
High public spending.
High risk.
High spending.
Higher enrollment.
Highly indebted country.
Hospital services.
Household income.
Impact of public spending.
Improving primary education.
Income elasticities.
Income groups.
Income tax rates.
Income taxes.
Increase in capital spending.
Increase in debt service.
Increase in expenditures.
Increase in government expenditure.
Increase in health spending.
Indebted country.
Indirect tax.
Indirect taxation.
Indirect taxes.
Industrial countries.
Industrial country.
Inequalities in health care.
Infant mortality.
Infant mortality rate.
Information on budget execution.
Input mix.
Institutional development.
Internal audit.
Internal conflict.
Internal control.
International security.
International tax.
International tax competition.
International taxation.
International trade taxes.
Investment expenditures.
Learning achievements.
Level of health spending.
Level of indebtedness.
Level of public spending.
Levels of public spending.
Literacy surveys.
Live births.
Living standards.
Local government spending.
Local taxes.
Long-term debt.
Long-term external debt.
Low debt.
Low educational attainment.
Managing public expenditure.
Marginal costs.
Maximum likelihood estimator.
Measurement errors.
Medical care.
Medium-term budget.
Medium-term budget framework.
Medium-term expenditure.
Medium-term expenditure framework.
Member country.
Military expenditure.
Military expenditures.
Military forces.
Military spending.
Monetary union.
Mortality rate.
Mortality rates.
Multilateral surveillance.
Multivariate analysis.
National budget.
National health.
National health expenditures.
Necessary investment.
Net debt.
Net enrollment.
Net present value of debt.
Nominal exchange rate.
Official exchange rate.
Open economies.
Operating expenditures.
Optimal tax.
Organic budget law.
Parent-teacher associations.
Personal income tax.
Personal income taxes.
Political instability.
Poor countries.
Poor country.
Poorer countries.
Post-conflict economies.
Post-conflict period.
Potential taxpayers.
Poverty-reducing expenditure.
Poverty-reducing expenditures.
Primary care.
Primary completion.
Primary completion rate.
Primary completion rates.
Primary current expenditure.
Primary deficit.
Primary education.
Primary education budget.
Primary enrollment.
Primary enrollment rate.
Primary enrollment rates.
Primary expenditure.
Primary fiscal deficit.
Primary health care.
Primary school.
Primary school completion.
Primary school development.
Primary school development project.
Primary school dropout.
Primary school education.
Primary school enrollment.
Primary schooling.
Primary schools.
Private education.
Private education spending.
Private schools.
Private spending.
Process of integration.
Progressive taxation.
Property taxes.
Provision of services.
Prudent fiscal policies.
Prudent fiscal policy.
Public and publicly guaranteed.
Public budget.
Public choice theory.
Public debt.
Public debt crises.
Public deficits.
Public education.
Public education spending.
Public expenditure.
Public expenditure management.
Public expenditure management handbook.
Public expenditure management system.
Public expenditure management systems.
Public expenditure on health.
Public expenditure policy.
Public expenditure reform.
Public expenditure review.
Public expenditure reviews.
Public expenditures.
Public finance.
Public finances.
Public financial management.
Public fiscal behavior.
Public health.
Public health spending.
Public institutions.
Public investment.
Public investment programs.
Public investment spending.
Public schools.
Public sector.
Public sector borrowing.
Public sector debt.
Public sector expenditures.
Public sector fiscal behaviour.
Public sector wage bill.
Public spending.
Public spending levels.
Pupil-classroom ratios.
Pupil-teacher ratio.
Quality of education.
Quality schools.
Quasi-fiscal activities.
Raising tax revenue.
Rates of corporation tax.
Ratio of debt.
Ratio of public spending.
Ratios of debt.
Real effective exchange rate.
Real exchange rate.
Real exchange rate appreciation.
Real exchange rate depreciation.
Real exchange rate misalignment.
Real exchange rates.
Recurrent expenditure.
Recurrent expenditures.
Reduction in public spending.
Reduction in tax.
Reductions in public spending.
Regional integration.
Regression analysis.
Regular school attendance.
Repayment ability.
Repayment capacity.
Repetition rates.
Resource allocation.
Retention rates.
Return to education.
Returns to education.
Revenue collection.
Revenue projections.
Risk of conflict.
Sales tax.
Sales taxation.
Sales taxes.
School attendance.
School construction.
School development.
School enrollment.
School graduates.
School supplies.
School uniforms.
School-age children.
School-age population.
Schooling quality.
Service provision.
Service use.
Share of public spending.
Short-term debt.
Size of government spending.
Social conflict.
Social expenditure.
Social expenditures.
Social sectors.
Special education.
Special needs.
Spending cuts.
Standard error.
Standard errors.
Statistical method.
Stock of debt.
Structural adjustment.
Substantial debt.
Substantial debt relief.
Sustainable fiscal adjustment.
Tariff reduction.
Tax administration.
Tax administrations.
Tax advantages.
Tax avoidance.
Tax base.
Tax bases.
Tax breaks.
Tax burden.
Tax collection.
Tax collections.
Tax competition.
Tax compliance.
Tax coordination.
Tax design.
Tax effort.
Tax evasion.
Tax expenditure.
Tax haven.
Tax haven activities.
Tax havens.
Tax incentives.
Tax increases.
Tax instruments.
Tax journal.
Tax payments.
Tax policy.
Tax policy reform.
Tax rates.
Tax ratio.
Tax ratios.
Tax receipts.
Tax reductions.
Tax reform.
Tax reforms.
Tax refunds.
Tax revenue.
Tax revenue increases.
Tax revenues.
Tax structure.
Tax system.
Tax systems.
Tax treatment.
Taxation of capital income.
Taxes on domestic.
Taxes on growth.
Taxes on income.
Taxes on labor.
Teacher absenteeism.
Teacher education.
Teaching materials.
Technological change.
Technological developments.
Technological innovations.
Terms of trade.
Terms of trade shocks.
Theory of taxation.
Tight fiscal policy.
Total debt stock.
Total expenditure.
Total expenditures.
Total external debt.
Total tax revenue.
Trade shocks.
Trade taxation.
Trade taxes.
Treasury single account.
Treasury systems.
Universal basic education.
Universal education.
Universal enrollment.
Universal primary completion.
Universal primary education.
Vat rate.
Vat revenue.
Vat system.
Violent conflicts.
Wage expenditure.
World food programme.
World markets.
Burkina Faso.
Congo, Democratic Republic of the.
Gambia, The.
Sri Lanka.
Fiscal policy can foster growth and human development through a number of different channels. These include the macroeconomic (for example, through the influence of the budget deficit on growth) as well as the microeconomic (through its influence on the efficiency of resource use). But how precisely do these channels work in developing countries? What kinds of tax and expenditure policies should developing countries implement to help them meet the Millennium Development Goals? And how can international aid be made more effective? Drawing on both theory and country experience, this book brings together IMF research on the various ways fiscal policy can be used to help spur economic development.
Description based on print version record.
Clements, Benedict J.
Gupta, Sanjeev.
Inchauste, Gabriela.
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