World Economic Outlook, October 1998 [electronic resource] : Financial Turbulence in the World Economy A Survey by the Staff of the IMF.

International Monetary Fund
Washington, D.C. : International Monetary Fund, 1999.
IMF eLibrary
World Economic and Financial Surveys; World Economic and Financial Surveys.
World Economic and Financial Surveys; World Economic and Financial Surveys
Government document
1 online resource (312 p.)
Local subjects:
Access to credit.
Access to international financial markets.
Access to private flows.
Actual inflation.
Adjustment process.
Aggregate demand.
Amortization payments.
Asset market.
Asset markets.
Balance of payments.
Bankruptcy laws.
Basket of currencies.
Bilateral creditor.
Bilateral creditors.
Bilateral donors.
Bilateral trade.
Bond issues.
Bond market.
Bond markets.
Bond prices.
Bond yields.
Borrowing costs.
Brady bonds.
Budget balance.
Budget balances.
Budget projections.
Budgetary resources.
Capital account liberalization.
Capital accumulation.
Capital adequacy.
Capital adequacy ratios.
Capital controls.
Capital equipment.
Capital flows.
Capital formation.
Capital gains.
Capital goods.
Capital income.
Capital inflows.
Capital intensity.
Capital market.
Capital markets.
Capital outflows.
Central bank.
Central banks.
Classified loans.
Commercial bank debt.
Commercial creditors.
Commercial debt.
Commercial loans.
Commercial paper.
Commodity exporters.
Commodity prices.
Competitive pressure.
Concessional debt.
Consumer credit.
Consumer price index.
Consumption tax.
Corporate bonds.
Corporate debt.
Country exchange rate.
Credit policies.
Credit programs.
Credit risk.
Credit risks.
Credit unions.
Creditor countries.
Crisis countries.
Crisis country.
Cross exchange rates.
Currency board.
Currency boards.
Currency crises.
Currency crisis.
Currency exchange.
Currency exchange rates.
Currency pegs.
Currency risk.
Currency units.
Currency values.
Current account.
Current account adjustment.
Current account balance.
Current account balances.
Current account deficit.
Current account deficits.
Current account surplus.
Current account surpluses.
Current accounts.
Debt burden.
Debt burdens.
Debt conversion.
Debt crisis.
Debt data.
Debt dynamics.
Debt financing.
Debt forgiveness.
Debt instruments.
Debt management.
Debt management policies.
Debt overhang.
Debt problem.
Debt problems.
Debt ratio.
Debt ratios.
Debt reduction.
Debt relief.
Debt rescheduling.
Debt resolution.
Debt restructuring.
Debt securities.
Debt service.
Debt servicing.
Debt servicing costs.
Debt stock.
Debt stocks.
Debt sustainability.
Debt-service obligations.
Debt-servicing costs.
Debtor countries.
Default risk.
Deficit financing.
Deficit reduction.
Demand for money.
Deposit insurance.
Discount rate.
Dollar exchange rate.
Dollar exchange rates.
Domestic borrowing.
Domestic consumption.
Domestic credit.
Domestic creditors.
Domestic currencies.
Domestic currency.
Domestic debt.
Domestic debt burdens.
Domestic demand.
Domestic economy.
Domestic financial deregulation.
Domestic financial market.
Domestic growth.
Domestic investors.
Domestic monetary conditions.
Domestic saving.
Domestic securities.
Economic cooperation.
Effective exchange rate.
Effective exchange rates.
Employment growth.
Equity investments.
Equity markets.
Equity prices.
Equity ratio.
Euro exchange rate.
Euro exchange rates.
European monetary institute.
European monetary union.
Excess demand.
Excess supply.
Excessive debt.
Excessive volatility.
Exchange markets.
Exchange rate.
Exchange rate adjustments.
Exchange rate appreciation.
Exchange rate arrangement.
Exchange rate arrangements.
Exchange rate changes.
Exchange rate depreciation.
Exchange rate fluctuations.
Exchange rate index.
Exchange rate indices.
Exchange rate instability.
Exchange rate movements.
Exchange rate pegs.
Exchange rate policies.
Exchange rate policy.
Exchange rate regime.
Exchange rate regimes.
Exchange rate rule.
Exchange rate stability.
Exchange rate system.
Exchange rates.
Export credit.
Export earnings.
Export performance.
Export price.
Export prices.
Export revenues.
Export sector.
Export value.
Export volumes.
Exporting countries.
External borrowing.
External credit.
External debt.
External debt burden.
External debt servicing.
External debt stock.
External debts.
External financial shocks.
External financing.
External indebtedness.
External payments.
External payments arrears.
External position.
Financial conglomerates.
Financial deregulation.
Financial instability.
Financial institutions.
Financial liberalization.
Financial market.
Financial markets.
Financial reforms.
Financial resources.
Financial sector.
Financial stability.
Financial system.
Financial systems.
Fiscal debt burden.
Fiscal deficits.
Fiscal policy.
Fiscal stabilizers.
Fixed investment.
Foreign borrowing.
Foreign capital.
Foreign capital flows.
Foreign debt.
Foreign exchange.
Foreign ownership.
Foreign portfolio investment.
Forward contracts.
Forward exchange.
Forward exchange rates.
Forward market.
Forward markets.
Futures markets.
General price inflation.
General resources account.
Global current account.
Global flows.
Global trade.
Government bond.
Government bond market.
Government bond yields.
Government bonds.
Government debt.
Government deficit.
Government securities.
Heavy fiscal debt burden.
Hedge funds.
Import demand.
Import duties.
Import prices.
Import side.
Import value.
Imported goods.
Importing countries.
Income distribution.
Income losses.
Indexed bonds.
Indirect tax.
Inflation rate.
Inflation target.
Inflation targeting.
Inflationary pressures.
Institutional investors.
Interest costs.
Interest differentials.
International bank lending.
International capital.
International capital flows.
International capital market.
International capital markets.
International finance.
International financial architecture.
International financial community.
International financial markets.
International financial statistics.
International financial system.
International integration.
International monetary system.
International reserves.
International standards.
Investment flows.
Investor confidence.
Letters of credit.
Liquid reserves.
Liquidity injections.
Liquidity management.
Long-term debt.
Long-term interest rates.
Loss of confidence.
Market bond.
Market debt.
Market exchange rates.
Market liquidity.
Merchandise trade.
Monetary aggregates.
Monetary area.
Monetary areas.
Monetary authorities.
Monetary base.
Monetary conditions.
Monetary framework.
Monetary indicators.
Monetary policies.
Monetary policy.
Monetary policy decisions.
Monetary policy frameworks.
Monetary policy rule.
Monetary policy rules.
Monetary policy strategy.
Monetary statistics.
Monetary system.
Monetary target.
Monetary targeting.
Monetary transmission.
Monetary transmission mechanism.
Monetary union.
Money demand.
Money market.
Money market interest rates.
Money markets.
Money stock.
Moral hazard.
Multilateral creditors.
Multilateral exchange rate.
National debt.
Neighboring countries.
Net capital.
Net capital flows.
Net debt.
Net debtor.
Net exports.
Net external debt.
Net inflows.
Net present value.
Nominal effective exchange rate.
Nominal effective exchange rate indices.
Nominal exchange rates.
Nominal interest rate.
Nominal interest rates.
Non-oil commodity.
Non-oil commodity prices.
Nonconcessional debt.
Official creditors.
Official flows.
Official reserves.
Oil exporters.
Oil imports.
Oil prices.
Oil revenues.
Oil-importing countries.
Oil-producing countries.
Output growth.
Partner countries.
Partner country.
Payments systems.
Present value.
Price deflation.
Price inflation.
Price of imports.
Price stability.
Private bank.
Private capital.
Private capital flows.
Private capital inflows.
Private creditors.
Private debt.
Private external debt.
Private financing.
Private flows.
Private inflows.
Private sector debt.
Producer price index.
Protection measures.
Public and publicly guaranteed.
Public debt.
Public debt management.
Public expenditure.
Public finance.
Public finances.
Public sector debt.
Ratio of debt.
Real effective exchange rate.
Real effective exchange rates.
Real exchange rate.
Real exchange rate appreciation.
Real exchange rate depreciation.
Real exchange rates.
Real interest rate.
Real interest rates.
Reducing prices.
Regional trade.
Relative exchange rate.
Relative price.
Relief mechanisms.
Reserve bank.
Reserve requirement.
Risk aversion.
Risk premium.
Secondary markets.
Securities dealers.
Securities firms.
Securities markets.
Short-term capital.
Short-term capital inflows.
Short-term debt.
Skilled workers.
Social safety nets.
Social securities.
Sovereign bond.
Speculative attack.
Speculative attacks.
Stable exchange rate.
State aid.
Stock exchange.
Stock exchanges.
Stock market.
Stock market capitalization.
Stock market prices.
Stock markets.
Stock of debt.
Stock prices.
Stock-of-debt operations.
Substantial debt.
Substantial debt relief.
Tax collection.
Tax incentives.
Tax revenues.
Tax systems.
Terms of trade.
Tight monetary policies.
Total external debt.
Trade data.
Trade flows.
Trade growth.
Trade links.
Trade performance.
Trade volume.
Trading partners.
Traditional debt-relief mechanisms.
Transition countries.
Transition economies.
Transmission of monetary policy.
Treasury bills.
Treasury bonds.
Treasury securities.
Underdeveloped capital markets.
Unemployment rate.
Unskilled workers.
Value of imports.
Value-added tax.
Variable rate mortgages.
Volatility of capital inflows.
Working capital.
World economy.
World output.
World stock markets.
World trade.
World trade growth.
Yield curve.
The World Economic Outlook, published twice a year in English, French, Spanish, and Arabic, presents IMF staff economists' analyses of global economic developments during the near and medium term. Chapters give an overview of the world economy; consider issues affecting industrial countries, developing countries, and economies in transition to market; and address topics of pressing current interest. Annexes, boxes, charts, and an extensive statistical appendix augment the text.
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