The Implications of Fund Supported Adjustment Programs for Poverty [electronic resource] : Experiences in Selected Countries.

International Monetary Fund
Washington, D.C. : International Monetary Fund, 1988.
IMF eLibrary
Occasional Papers
Government document
1 online resource (52 p.)
Local subjects:
Account deficits.
Adjustment effort.
Adjustment measures.
Adjustment period.
Adjustment process.
Adjustment program.
Adjustment programs.
Aggregate budget.
Aggregate demand.
Allocation of expenditure.
Analytical framework.
Balance of payments.
Budget constraints.
Budget deficit.
Capital expenditure.
Capital expenditures.
Capital gains tax.
Capital spending.
Capital stock.
Commodity prices.
Compensatory measures.
Compensatory policies.
Competitive exchange rate.
Competitive markets.
Composition of expenditure.
Consumer subsidies.
Consumption patterns.
Consumption tax.
Currency depreciation.
Current account deficit.
Current account deficits.
Data limitations.
Data requirements.
Debt service.
Direct tax.
Distribution of expenditure.
Distribution of income.
Distributional changes.
Distributional consequences.
Distributional effects.
Distributional impact.
Distributional implications.
Domestic consumption.
Domestic demand.
Domestic goods.
Domestic investment.
Domestic market.
Domestic price.
Domestic prices.
Domestic producers.
Domestic savings.
Domestic shocks.
Duty structure.
Economic adjustments.
Economic community.
Education expenditures.
Effects of taxation.
Efficiency of expenditure.
Exchange markets.
Exchange rate.
Exchange rate adjustment.
Exchange rate depreciation.
Exchange rate movements.
Exchange rate policies.
Exchange rate policy.
Exchange rates.
Excise duties.
Expansionary fiscal.
Expansionary fiscal policy.
Expenditure cuts.
Expenditure patterns.
Expenditure policies.
Expenditure policy.
Expenditure restraint.
Expenditure share.
Expenditures on health.
Export crops.
Export earnings.
Export price.
Export sector.
External financing.
External indebtedness.
External position.
External shocks.
Farm workers.
Fiscal adjustment.
Fiscal adjustment efforts.
Fiscal affairs.
Fiscal affairs department.
Fiscal burden.
Fiscal consolidation.
Fiscal deficit.
Fiscal deficits.
Fiscal discipline.
Fiscal drag.
Fiscal impulse.
Fiscal policies.
Fiscal policy.
Fiscal position.
Fiscal stance.
Fiscal years.
Flexible exchange rate.
Flexible exchange rate policy.
Foreign exchange.
Foreign exchange markets.
Foreign trade.
Formal sector.
General equilibrium framework.
Government expenditure.
Government expenditures.
Government fiscal deficit.
Government revenue.
Higher rates of income tax.
Higher tax rates.
Household consumption.
Impact of policy.
Import controls.
Import costs.
Import demand.
Import duties.
Import duty.
Import prices.
Import restrictions.
Import substitution.
Imported goods.
Income class.
Income distribution.
Income groups.
Income tax net.
Income tax payments.
Income tax rates.
Income taxes.
Increasing competition.
Indirect tax.
Indirect taxes.
Intermediate goods.
Intermediate inputs.
International trade.
International trade policy.
International trade taxes.
Landless farm.
Landless farm workers.
Large taxpayers.
Level of expenditures.
Liberalization of trade.
Liberalization policies.
Living standards.
Macroeconomic adjustment.
Market fragmentation.
Monetary union.
Multilateral system.
Neighboring countries.
Official exchange rate.
Oil exporters.
Oil prices.
Open markets.
Output growth.
Overvalued exchange rate.
Per capita income.
Personal income tax.
Poverty alleviation.
Poverty impact.
Poverty line.
Preferential exchange rate.
Price liberalization.
Price stability.
Process of adjustment.
Product taxes.
Property taxes.
Public debt.
Public expenditure.
Public expenditures.
Public finances.
Public spending.
Rates of income tax.
Real exchange rate.
Rent-seeking behavior.
Rural population.
Sales tax.
Sales tax rate.
Skilled labor.
Skilled workers.
Social expenditure.
Social expenditures.
Social implications.
Social unrest.
Structural adjustment.
Structural adjustment policies.
Structural adjustment programs.
Sustainable fiscal deficit.
Tariff increases.
Tariff rates.
Tax administration.
Tax administration measures.
Tax area.
Tax base.
Tax benefits.
Tax burden.
Tax changes.
Tax collections.
Tax evaders.
Tax evasion.
Tax increase.
Tax increases.
Tax measures.
Tax payments.
Tax policy.
Tax rate structure.
Tax rates.
Tax reform.
Tax returns.
Tax structure.
Tax surcharges.
Taxable income.
Taxes on domestic.
Taxes on income.
Taxes on international trade.
Terms of trade.
Tradable goods.
Trade liberalization.
Trade policies.
Trade policy issues.
Trade restrictions.
Trade taxes.
Transport services.
Unemployment rate.
Unskilled labor.
Unskilled workers.
Urban areas.
Urban informal sector.
Urban poor.
Urban population.
Value of exports.
Value-added tax.
World market.
World markets.
World prices.
World trade.
Dominican Republic.
Sri Lanka.
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