Structural Change in Japan [electronic resource] : Macroeconomic Impact and Policy Challenges, Bayoumi, Tamim.

Bayoumi, Tamim.
Washington, D.C. : International Monetary Fund, 1998.
IMF eLibrary
Government document
1 online resource (255 p.)
Local subjects:
Aggregate demand.
Aging population.
Aging populations.
Balance of payments.
Barriers to entry.
Basic pension.
Benefit level.
Bilateral exchange rate.
Bilateral real exchange rate.
Budget deficit.
Budget deficits.
Budget process.
Budget requests.
Budgetary implications.
Budgetary position.
Budgetary process.
Capital account.
Capital expenditures.
Central bank.
Contribution rate.
Contribution rates.
Currency transactions.
Current account.
Current account balance.
Current account deficit.
Current account surplus.
Current account surpluses.
Current exchange rate.
Debt service.
Defense spending.
Demand for money.
Dependency ratio.
Dependency ratios.
Direct foreign investment.
Direct investment.
Direct investments.
Discount rate.
Discretionary monetary policy.
Domestic demand.
Domestic monetary policy.
Economic cooperation.
Economic liberalization.
Effective exchange rate.
Effective exchange rates.
Employee pension.
Employees pension.
Equilibrium exchange rate.
Exchange control.
Exchange markets.
Exchange rate.
Exchange rate behavior.
Exchange rate changes.
Exchange rate depreciation.
Exchange rate determination.
Exchange rate developments.
Exchange rate expectations.
Exchange rate fluctuations.
Exchange rate index.
Exchange rate indices.
Exchange rate misalignment.
Exchange rate misalignments.
Exchange rate movements.
Exchange rate pass.
Exchange rate path.
Exchange rate policies.
Exchange rate regime.
Exchange rate risk.
Exchange rate stability.
Exchange rate system.
Exchange rate volatility.
Exchange rates.
Expectations of inflation.
Expenditure cuts.
Expenditure restraint.
Export volumes.
External pressures.
External trade.
Factor endowments.
Fiscal accountability.
Fiscal actions.
Fiscal adjustment.
Fiscal authorities.
Fiscal balance.
Fiscal balances.
Fiscal consolidation.
Fiscal contraction.
Fiscal control.
Fiscal costs.
Fiscal deficit.
Fiscal deficits.
Fiscal developments.
Fiscal discipline.
Fiscal expansion.
Fiscal flexibility.
Fiscal imbalances.
Fiscal indicators.
Fiscal laxity.
Fiscal liabilities.
Fiscal liability.
Fiscal management.
Fiscal measures.
Fiscal multipliers.
Fiscal objectives.
Fiscal operations.
Fiscal outcomes.
Fiscal outlook.
Fiscal package.
Fiscal planning.
Fiscal policies.
Fiscal policy.
Fiscal policy target.
Fiscal policy variables.
Fiscal position.
Fiscal pressures.
Fiscal projections.
Fiscal rectitude.
Fiscal reform.
Fiscal reforms.
Fiscal restructuring.
Fiscal retrenchment.
Fiscal rules.
Fiscal situation.
Fiscal stance.
Fiscal stimuli.
Fiscal stimulus.
Fiscal structural reform.
Fiscal structure.
Fiscal sustainability.
Fiscal system.
Fiscal systems.
Fiscal target.
Fiscal targets.
Fiscal tightening.
Fiscal transparency.
Fiscal variables.
Fiscal years.
Fixed investment.
Flexible exchange rate.
Flexible exchange rate regime.
Floating exchange rate.
Floating exchange rates.
Foreign acquisitions.
Foreign affiliates.
Foreign asset.
Foreign asset positions.
Foreign assets.
Foreign companies.
Foreign direct investment.
Foreign exchange.
Foreign exchange control.
Foreign exchange market.
Foreign exchange markets.
Foreign exchange rates.
Foreign goods.
Foreign investment.
Foreign investors.
Foreign manufacturers.
Foreign market.
Foreign markets.
Foreign trade.
Future fiscal deficits.
Future pension.
Gdp deflator.
Government budget.
Government budgets.
Government deficit.
Government expenditure.
Government expenditures.
Government pension.
Government spending.
Health care.
Health care system.
Health care systems.
Health systems.
Host countries.
Host country.
Import penetration.
Industrial countries.
Industrial country.
Industrial economy.
Inflation data.
Inflation equation.
Inflation rate.
Inflation target.
Inflationary pressures.
Intermediate products.
International settlements.
International standards.
International trade.
Investment climate.
Investment climates.
Investment decisions.
Level playing field.
Life insurance.
Local government budgets.
Local taxes.
Long-term fiscal sustainability.
Long-term projection.
Long-term projections.
Low inflation.
Macroeconomic stability.
Manufacturing firms.
Manufacturing sector.
Market access.
Market exchange rate.
Market exchange rates.
Market failures.
Medium-sized enterprises.
Medium-sized firms.
Medium-term fiscal projections.
Monetary aggregate.
Monetary aggregates.
Monetary authorities.
Monetary conditions.
Monetary control.
Monetary fund.
Monetary growth.
Monetary growth rates.
Monetary indicators.
Monetary instruments.
Monetary management.
Monetary policies.
Monetary policy.
Monetary policy framework.
Monetary policy implementation.
Monetary policy rule.
Monetary response.
Monetary stability.
Monetary stance.
Monetary targeting.
Monetary targets.
Monetary transmission.
Monetary transmission mechanism.
Money growth.
Money market.
Money markets.
Money stock.
Money supply.
Multinational enterprise.
Multinational enterprises.
National accounts.
National budget.
National pension.
National pension scheme.
National pensions.
Net foreign asset.
Net foreign asset positions.
Net foreign assets.
Nominal effective exchange rate.
Nominal exchange rate.
Nominal exchange rates.
Nominal interest rate.
Nominal interest rates.
Nominal variables.
Overseas investment.
Payroll taxes.
Pension benefits.
Pension contribution.
Pension contributions.
Pension deposits.
Pension income.
Pension insurance.
Pension liabilities.
Pension payments.
Pension plans.
Pension reform.
Pension scheme.
Pension schemes.
Pension system.
Pension systems.
Pension transfers.
Pensions system.
Portfolio investment.
Price inflation.
Price level.
Price stability.
Primary deficit.
Private pension.
Private pension plans.
Public expenditure.
Public finance.
Public finances.
Public pension.
Public pension schemes.
Public pension system.
Public pension systems.
Public pensions.
Real effective exchange rate.
Real exchange rate.
Real exchange rate expectations.
Real exchange rate fluctuations.
Real exchange rates.
Real interest rate.
Real interest rates.
Real money.
Real output.
Real value.
Real variables.
Regional trade.
Relative price.
Relative prices.
Reserve requirements.
Retirement age.
Social security.
Social security system.
Tax bases.
Tax cut.
Tax cuts.
Tax increases.
Tax payments.
Tax policy.
Tax rate.
Tax reform.
Tax revenue.
Tax revenues.
Tax structure.
Tax systems.
Terms of trade.
Terms of trade shocks.
Trade barriers.
Trade flows.
Trade patterns.
Trade policies.
Trade reform.
Trade relationship.
Trade restrictions.
Trade shocks.
Trading partners.
This volume, by Bijan B. Aghevli, Tamim Bayoumi, and Guy Meredith, is based on a seminar on structural change in Japan held in early 1997 and chaired by the IMF's First Deputy Managing Director, Stanley Fischer. Discussion of teh day-to-day management of the standard levers of fiscal and monetary policy is interlinked with consideration for the more deep-seated structural issues. By shifting and destabilizing the underlying economic relationships and creating uncertainty, structural change complicates the task of policy analysis. This volume describes how the IMF is responding to these challenges and how outside experts assess this effect.
Description based on print version record.
Aghevli, Bijan B.
Bayoumi, Tamim.
Meredith, Guy.
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