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User Payments for Basic Education in Low-Income Countries [electronic resource] Jenkner, E..

Author/Creator:
Jenkner, E.
Publication:
Washington, D.C. : International Monetary Fund, 2002.
Series:
IMF eLibrary
IMF Working Papers; Working Paper No. 02/182.
IMF Working Papers; Working Paper No. 02/182
Format/Description:
Government document
Book
1 online resource (33 p.)
Local subjects:
Abolition of fees.
Average teacher salaries.
Basic education strategy.
Basic literacy.
Blackboards.
Children with disabilities.
Civil service teachers.
Community schools.
Community teachers.
Completion rate.
Completion rates.
Compulsory education.
Compulsory school uniforms.
Cost of education.
Demand for education.
Disabled children.
Dropout rates.
Economics of education.
Educated children.
Educated population.
Education budget.
Education budgets.
Education decisions.
Education department.
Education economics.
Education for all.
Education for children.
Education for girls.
Education indicators.
Education initiatives.
Education of children.
Education project.
Education providers.
Education sector.
Education sector reform.
Education services.
Education spending.
Education strategy.
Education system.
Educational achievement.
Educational attainment.
Educational attainments.
Educational costs.
Educational development.
Educational improvements.
Educational materials.
Educational opportunities.
Educational outcomes.
Educational policy.
Educational quality.
Educational standards.
Enrollment rate.
Enrollment rates.
Enrollments.
Equity in education.
Female enrollment.
Girls in school.
Government Expenditures and Education.
Gross enrollment.
Gross enrollment rates.
Gross primary school enrollment.
Improving primary education.
Literacy surveys.
Low educational attainment.
Net enrollment.
Parent-teacher associations.
Primary completion.
Primary completion rate.
Primary completion rates.
Primary education.
Primary education budget.
Primary enrollment.
Primary enrollment rates.
Primary school.
Primary school development.
Primary school development project.
Primary school enrollment.
Primary schooling.
Primary schools.
Private schools.
Problems.
Public education.
Public education spending.
Public expenditure.
Public schools.
Pupil-classroom ratios.
Quality of education.
Quality schools.
Regular school attendance.
Repetition rates.
Retention rates.
School attendance.
School construction.
School development.
School enrollment.
School graduates.
School supplies.
School uniforms.
School-age population.
Schooling.
Small school.
Special education.
Teaching materials.
Universal basic education.
Universal education.
Universal enrollment.
Universal primary completion.
Universal primary education.
Chad.
Malawi.
Mexico.
Tanzania.
Uganda.
Summary:
Insufficient resources and inadequate public expenditure management often prevent governments in low-income countries from providing quality basic education free of charge. User payments by parents are an alternative means of financing basic education. This paper assesses how user payments affect educational opportunities and quality of education for children of poor families in low-income countries. Conditions are identified under which user payments can or cannot improve educational outcomes. User payments, whether taking the form of compulsory benefit taxation or voluntary user fees, are a temporary solution and second-best compared with free-access, publicly financed quality education that is consistent with macroeconomic stability.
Notes:
Description based on print version record.
Contributor:
Hillman, Arye L.
Jenkner, E.
Other format:
Print Version:
ISBN:
1451859279:
9781451859270
ISSN:
1018-5941
Publisher Number:
10.5089/9781451859270.001
Access Restriction:
Restricted for use by site license.
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