Regional Economic Outlook, May 2010 [electronic resource] : Europe: Fostering Sustainability.

International Monetary Fund. European Dept.
Washington, D.C. : International Monetary Fund, 2010.
IMF eLibrary
Regional Economic Outlook
Government document
1 online resource (65 p.)
Local subjects:
Account deficits.
Aggregate demand.
Asset recovery.
Balance sheet effects.
Bond markets.
Bond prices.
Bond rates.
Bond yields.
Border capital flows.
Budget balance.
Budget deficit.
Budgetary impact.
Capital adequacy.
Capital adequacy ratio.
Capital control.
Capital controls.
Capital flows.
Capital income.
Capital inflows.
Capital mobility.
Capital movements.
Capital needs.
Capital outflows.
Capital position.
Capital ratio.
Capital requirement.
Central bank.
Central banks.
Commodity prices.
Composition of capital inflows.
Conventional bonds.
Corporate bond.
Credit expansion.
Credit market.
Credit rationing.
Currency appreciation.
Currency board.
Currency hedging.
Currency mismatch.
Currency mismatches.
Currency regime.
Current account.
Current account balance.
Current account balances.
Current account deficit.
Current account deficits.
Current account surplus.
Current account surpluses.
Current accounts.
Debt crisis.
Debt dynamics.
Debt overhang.
Debt restructuring.
Debt sustainability.
Deposit insurance.
Determinants of capital flows.
Discretionary fiscal stimulus.
Domestic bond.
Domestic bond markets.
Domestic financial markets.
Domestic growth.
Domestic saving.
Effective exchange rate.
Equity capital.
Equity funds.
Equity inflows.
Equity prices.
Excessive deficits.
Exchange rate.
Exchange rate appreciation.
Exchange rate flexibility.
Exchange rate peg.
Exchange rate policies.
Exchange rate regime.
Exchange rate regimes.
Exchange rate risk.
Exchange rate risks.
Exchange rate stability.
Exchange rates.
External financing.
External obligations.
External shock.
External shocks.
Financial assets.
Financial contagion.
Financial excesses.
Financial innovation.
Financial instability.
Financial institutions.
Financial instruments.
Financial intermediation.
Financial liberalization.
Financial market.
Financial markets.
Financial policies.
Financial reform.
Financial regulation.
Financial resources.
Financial sector.
Financial stability.
Financial system.
Financial vulnerabilities.
Fiscal adjustment.
Fiscal adjustments.
Fiscal architecture.
Fiscal authority.
Fiscal balance.
Fiscal balances.
Fiscal behavior.
Fiscal burden.
Fiscal consolidation.
Fiscal costs.
Fiscal deficit.
Fiscal discipline.
Fiscal efforts.
Fiscal framework.
Fiscal frameworks.
Fiscal imbalances.
Fiscal measures.
Fiscal policies.
Fiscal policy.
Fiscal policy instruments.
Fiscal policy targets.
Fiscal position.
Fiscal reforms.
Fiscal retrenchment.
Fiscal rule.
Fiscal side.
Fiscal space.
Fiscal stabilizers.
Fiscal stance.
Fiscal stimulus.
Fiscal sustainability.
Fiscal tightening.
Fiscal vulnerabilities.
Fixed exchange rate.
Fixed exchange rate regime.
Fixed exchange rate regimes.
Fixed exchange rates.
Flexible exchange rate.
Flexible exchange rate countries.
Flexible exchange rate regimes.
Floating exchange rate.
Floating exchange rate regime.
Floating exchange rates.
Foreign capital.
Foreign exchange.
Foreign investment.
Freely floating exchange rate.
Freely floating exchange rates.
Government bond.
Government bond yields.
Government bonds.
Government deficit.
Hedge funds.
International financial statistics.
International financial system.
International reserves.
Liberalization of capital.
Liquidity crisis.
Liquidity injections.
Liquidity support.
Long-term fiscal sustainability.
Loose fiscal policy.
Medium-term fiscal frameworks.
Money markets.
Moral hazard.
Movement of capital.
National debt.
Nominal effective exchange rate.
Nominal exchange rate.
Portfolio investment.
Primary budget balance.
Primary expenditure.
Private capital.
Private capital inflows.
Private credit.
Private debt.
Private equity.
Private equity funds.
Public debt.
Public debts.
Public finances.
Public spending.
Real appreciation.
Real effective exchange rate.
Real exchange rate.
Reserve requirement.
Reserve requirements.
Social safety nets.
Speculative capital.
Stable exchange rates.
Stock prices.
Structural budget balance.
Structural fiscal.
Structural fiscal reforms.
Tax increases.
Tax payments.
Tight fiscal policy.
This issue of the Regional Economic Outlook for Europe examines the moderate and uneven recovery occurring across the region. The varying speed of recovery in advanced Europe is closely linked to the degree of overheating and credit expansion going into the crisis. The even more varied speed of recovery in the economies of emerging Europe reflects country-specific vulnerabilities, external financing difficulties, and variations in their reliance on export demand. In the most vulnerable and hard hit countries in emerging Europe, coordinated assistance from the IMF, the European Union (EU), and other multilateral institutions eased the inevitable adjustment to considerably tighter constraints on external financing. Growth is expected to pick up during 2010-11, but the traditional drivers of the recovery are likely to be weaker than usual.
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International Monetary Fund. European Dept.
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