Growth and Poverty Reduction in Armenia [electronic resource] : Achievements and Challenges, Beddies, Christian H..

Beddies, Christian H.
Washington, D.C. : International Monetary Fund, 2005.
IMF eLibrary
Government document
1 online resource (112 p.)
Local subjects:
Accelerated depreciation.
Account deficits.
Accounting framework.
Administrative cost.
Average tariff.
Average tariff rate.
Bank business.
Bank credit.
Bank credits.
Bank deposits.
Bank failures.
Bank financing.
Bank for international settlements.
Bank intervention.
Bank lending.
Bank loans.
Bank management.
Bank managers.
Bank of england.
Bank ownership.
Bank policy.
Bank system.
Banking institutions.
Banking legislation.
Banking operations.
Banking regulations.
Banking sector.
Banking sector problems.
Banking sector reforms.
Banking services.
Banking supervision.
Banking system.
Banking system assets.
Banking systems.
Banking transactions.
Banks assets.
Banks balance sheets.
Bilateral trade.
Bilateral trade flows.
Bond issue.
Bond issues.
Bond market.
Bond markets.
Budget execution reports.
Budget process.
Budgetary control.
Budgetary funds.
Capital adequacy.
Capital base.
Capital expenditure.
Capital expenditures.
Capital mobility.
Capital requirement.
Cash flow.
Cash flows.
Central government expenditure.
Central government expenditures.
Changes in trade.
Composition of government expenditures.
Connected lending.
Corporate bond.
Corporate bond market.
Country evidence.
Credit policy.
Current account deficit.
Current account surplus.
Current expenditure.
Debt service.
Debt service to exports.
Debt-to-exports ratio.
Deposit rate.
Deposit rates.
Development of bond markets.
Direct tax.
Direct taxes.
Distribution of income.
Dollar bond.
Dollar bond market.
Domestic government bonds.
Domestic market.
Domestic tax.
Econometric analysis.
Economic cooperation.
Economic growth.
Equity capital.
Excess liquidity.
Excise tax.
Excise taxes.
Expenditure framework.
Expenditure increases.
Expenditure management.
Export activities.
Export boom.
Export data.
Export growth.
Export sectors.
Export subsidies.
Exporting firms.
Exports of goods.
Financial assets.
Financial institutions.
Financial intermediation.
Financial market.
Financial markets.
Financial sector.
Financial services.
Financial system.
Financial systems.
Fiscal activities.
Fiscal adjustment.
Fiscal balance.
Fiscal balances.
Fiscal consolidation.
Fiscal costs.
Fiscal deficit.
Fiscal deficits.
Fiscal developments.
Fiscal discipline.
Fiscal expenditures.
Fiscal framework.
Fiscal imbalances.
Fiscal implications.
Fiscal indicators.
Fiscal liabilities.
Fiscal losses.
Fiscal management.
Fiscal policies.
Fiscal policy.
Fiscal policy framework.
Fiscal position.
Fiscal pressure.
Fiscal pressures.
Fiscal problems.
Fiscal projections.
Fiscal prudence.
Fiscal reforms.
Fiscal risks.
Fiscal scenarios.
Fiscal situation.
Fiscal support.
Fiscal surpluses.
Fiscal sustainability.
Fiscal system.
Fiscal vulnerability.
Foreign exchange.
Foreign trade.
Formal sector.
Fostering trade.
Gdp growth.
Gdp growth rates.
Gnp per capita.
Government bonds.
Government deficit.
Government expenditure.
Government expenditures.
Government revenue.
Government tax revenue.
Growing exports.
Growth accounting.
Growth rate.
Growth rates.
Household assets.
Household income.
Household survey.
Household surveys.
Imperfect competition.
Import costs.
Import prices.
Import protection.
Import substitution.
Incidence of poverty.
Income distribution.
Income growth.
Income tax rates.
Income taxes.
Indirect taxes.
Internal audit.
International banks.
International bond.
International bond issue.
International capital.
International capital markets.
International finance.
International financial statistics.
International integration.
International standard.
International standards.
International trade.
Investment restrictions.
Large taxpayers.
Level playing field.
Liberal trade.
Liquid bond market.
Local stock market.
Long-term fiscal sustainability.
Lower tax rates.
Macroeconomic stability.
Macroeconomic stabilization.
Medium-term expenditure.
Medium-term expenditure framework.
Merchandise exports.
Merchandise imports.
Monetary authority.
Moral hazard.
Mortgage lending.
Nominal interest rate.
Nonbank financial institution.
Nontariff barriers.
Open borders.
Payroll taxes.
Per capita income.
Percent tax rate.
Personal income tax.
Poverty line.
Poverty reduction.
Present value.
Present value of debt.
Presumptive income tax.
Primary deficit.
Property tax.
Prudent fiscal policy.
Public debt.
Public expenditure.
Public expenditure review.
Public expenditures.
Quasi-fiscal activities.
Quasi-fiscal deficit.
Quasi-fiscal deficits.
Quasi-fiscal imbalances.
Rapid economic growth.
Real gdp.
Real per capita income.
Reforming tax systems.
Regional integration.
Resource allocation.
Retained earnings.
Return on equity.
Return on investment.
Revenue collection.
Revenue mobilization.
Sectoral composition of output.
Skilled labor.
State tax.
Stock exchanges.
Stock market.
Stock market capitalization.
Stock market development.
Stock markets.
Tariff rate.
Tariff rates.
Tax accounting.
Tax administration.
Tax amnesty.
Tax arrears.
Tax audits.
Tax authorities.
Tax base.
Tax collection.
Tax collections.
Tax compliance.
Tax evaders.
Tax evasion.
Tax exemptions.
Tax forms.
Tax inspections.
Tax inspectors.
Tax legislation.
Tax liabilities.
Tax policy.
Tax policy reform.
Tax rates.
Tax reform.
Tax reform efforts.
Tax reforms.
Tax revenue.
Tax revenues.
Tax service.
Tax system.
Tax systems.
Tax treatment.
Taxpayer identification.
Taxpayer identification numbers.
Total factor productivity.
Tradable goods.
Trade deficit.
Trade flows.
Trade levels.
Trade patterns.
Trade performance.
Trade protection.
Trade regimes.
Trade restrictions.
Trade routes.
Trade structure.
Trade theories.
Trade theory.
Trade volumes.
Trade-weighted average.
Transition economies.
Transport costs.
Value of exports.
Value-added taxes.
Volume of trade.
World economy.
World trade.
World trade organization.
Since 2000, Armenia's economic performance has been remarkable. Real economic growth has averaged 11 percent a year, annual inflation has averaged 3 percent, and poverty and inequality have fallen. The country has outperformed other low-income countries including other members of the Commonwealth of Independent States. This is particularly impressive given the geographical location of Armenia, the closure of two critical borders, and occasional political turmoil. The key factors behind Armenia's economic performance are prudent monetary and fiscal policies, liberal trade and foreign exchange regimes, rapid and relaively well-sequenced structural reforms, and support from the Armenian diaspora. In addition, the implementation of a poverty reduction strategy since 2002 has complemented the effect of economic growth on reducing poverty. This book assesses the country's economic transformation during the last 10 years and discusses the challenges to sustaining these successes.
Description based on print version record.
Beddies, Christian H.
Gelbard, E.
Iradian, Garbis.
McHugh, James.
Redifer, Laure.
Other format:
Print Version:
Publisher Number:
Access Restriction:
Restricted for use by site license.
Location Notes Your Loan Policy
Description Status Barcode Your Loan Policy