The Netherlands [electronic resource] : Transforming a Market Economy.

International Monetary Fund
Washington, D.C. : International Monetary Fund, 1999.
IMF eLibrary
Occasional Papers; Occasional Paper No. 181.
Occasional Papers; Occasional Paper No. 181
Government document
1 online resource (83 p.)
Local subjects:
Active investment.
Affected employment.
Aggregate demand.
Aggregate shocks.
Alternative employment.
Asset market.
Asymmetric shocks.
Bilateral agreement.
Bilateral real exchange rate.
Bilateral trade.
Bilateral trade relations.
Bond financing.
Compensation of employees.
Competition law.
Competition policies.
Competition policy.
Competitive position.
Currency areas.
Declining unemployment.
Defined benefits.
Disability benefits.
Domestic aggregate demand.
Domestic demand.
Domestic employment.
Domestic financial institutions.
Domestic market.
Domestic price.
Domestic price stability.
Duration of unemployment.
Duration of unemployment benefits.
Early retirement.
Economic convergence.
Economic integration.
Effective exchange rate.
Effective exchange rates.
Employee benefits.
Employment costs.
Employment creation.
Employment growth.
Employment indicators.
Employment level.
Employment levels.
Employment offices.
Employment outlook.
Employment performance.
Employment rate.
Employment rates.
Employment situation.
Equity market.
Exchange arrangements.
Exchange rate.
Exchange rate adjustment.
Exchange rate adjustments.
Exchange rate change.
Exchange rate flexibility.
Exchange rate instrument.
Exchange rate margin.
Exchange rate mechanism.
Exchange rate peg.
Exchange rate policy.
Exchange rate regime.
Exchange rate regimes.
Exchange rate shocks.
Exchange rate stability.
Exchange rate target.
Exchange rate variability.
Exchange rates.
Export growth.
Export market.
Export prices.
External shocks.
Financial assets.
Financial conglomerates.
Financial derivatives.
Financial futures.
Financial futures market.
Financial institutions.
Financial instruments.
Financial market.
Financial markets.
Financial sector.
Financial services.
Financial system.
Fiscal stabilizers.
Fixed exchange rate.
Fixed exchange rate regime.
Fixed nominal exchange rate.
Floating exchange rates.
Fluctuation margins.
Foreign bonds.
Funded pension.
Futures market.
Government bonds.
Government employment.
Hidden unemployment.
High employment.
High unemployment.
Increasing competition.
Increasing unemployment.
Inflows into unemployment.
Insurance companies.
International standards.
International trade.
Investment goods.
Job creation.
Job search.
Labor costs.
Labor demand.
Labor force.
Labor force participation.
Labor force participation rate.
Labor force training.
Labor income.
Labor market.
Labor market behavior.
Labor market reform.
Labor market reforms.
Labor participation.
Labor share.
Labor supply.
Labor union.
Labor unions.
Leave benefits.
Legal framework.
Level playing field.
Long-term unemployment.
Low labor force participation.
Low-wage employment.
Market for bonds.
Market risk.
Minimum wage.
Minimum wages.
Monetary union.
Neighboring countries.
Nominal exchange rate.
Nominal exchange rates.
Nominal interest rate.
Open economies.
Open economy.
Optimum currency areas.
Output growth.
Overall employment.
Part-time employment.
Partner countries.
Pension funds.
Pension products.
Pension services.
Pension system.
Persistent unemployment.
Price fixing.
Price stability.
Private pensions.
Private sector employment.
Prudential supervision.
Public sector wages.
Rate of unemployment.
Real effective exchange rate.
Real effective exchange rates.
Real exchange rate.
Real exchange rate change.
Real exchange rates.
Regional unemployment.
Registered unemployment.
Regulatory regime.
Regulatory regimes.
Retail market.
Return on capital.
Rising unemployment.
Risk management.
Savings deposits.
Short-term unemployment.
Sick leave.
Skilled employment.
Skilled labor.
Skilled workers.
Social benefits.
Social security.
Social security schemes.
Solvency requirements.
Stable exchange rates.
Stock exchange.
Stock market.
Stock market capitalization.
Structural unemployment.
Supervisory board.
Supplementary pension.
Supplementary pensions.
Tax advantage.
Terms of trade.
Terms of trade shocks.
Total employment.
Tradable goods.
Trade changes.
Trade effect.
Trade relations.
Trade shocks.
Trade structure.
Trading partner.
Trading partners.
Training services.
Transport equipment.
Unemployed labor.
Unemployed labor force.
Unemployed persons.
Unemployed worker.
Unemployed workers.
Unemployment benefit.
Unemployment benefit recipients.
Unemployment benefits.
Unemployment insurance.
Unemployment level.
Unemployment rate.
Unemployment rates.
Unemployment ratio.
Wage adjustment.
Wage bargaining.
Wage cost.
Wage costs.
Wage determination.
Wage differentiation.
Wage employment.
Wage equation.
Wage increases.
Wage level.
Wage levels.
Wage restraint.
Wage scale.
Wage scales.
Welfare recipients.
Wholesale price.
Wholesale price index.
Youth employment.
Youth unemployment.
Youth unemployment rate.
The striking turnaround in the Netherlands' economic performance over the past decade and a half has attracted widespread attention. Emerging from deep recession and high unemployment in the early 1980s, the economy shifted to a pace of growth more rapid than that in neighboring economies, and posted a rise in employment close to that in the United States. However, a number of important problems remain to be tackled to further strengthen economic performance in the Netherlands. The material presented in this paper was originally prepared as background for discussions in the IMF Executive Board and takes account of developments through March 1999.
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