Mobilizing labour for the global coffee market : profits from an unfree work regime in colonial Java / Jan Breman.

Breman, Jan author.
Amsterdam : Amsterdam University Press [2015]
404 pages, viii pages of plates : color illustrations, color maps, color portraits ; 24 cm.
Social histories of work in Asia.
Social histories of work in Asia

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Other Title:
Profits from an unfree work regime in colonial Java
Forced labor -- Indonesia -- Java -- History.
Coffee industry -- Indonesia -- Java -- History.
Coffee industry.
Forced labor.
Indonesia -- Java.
Coffee has been grown on Java for the commercial market since the early eighteenth century, when the Dutch East India Company began buying from peasant producers in the Priangan highlands. What began as a commercial transaction, however, soon became a system of compulsory production. This book shows how the Dutch East India Company mobilised land and labour, why they turned to force cultivation, and what effects the brutal system they installed had on the economy and society.
Machine generated contents note: I.The company as a territorial power
Intrusion into the hinterland
Retreat of princely authority
Territorial demarcation and hierarchical structuring
The Priangan highlands as a frontier
Clearing the land for cultivation
The composite peasant household
Higher and lower-ranking chiefs
Rendering servitude
Peasants and their lords in the early-colonial era
II.The introduction of forced cultivation
A colonial mode of production
From free trade to forced delivery
The start of coffee cultivation
Increasing the tribute
Coercion and desertion
Indigenous management
Under the Company's control
Tardy population growth
Tackling `cultivation delinquency'
III.From trading company to state enterprise
Clashing interests
Failing management
After the fall of the VOC
A conservative reformer
Strengthening the government apparatus
Social restructuring
Stepping up corvee services
Note continued: Sealing off the Priangan
The land rent system
IV.Government regulated exploitation versus private agribusiness
Discovery of the village system
Land sale
In search of a new policy
The deregulation of coffee cultivation, except in the Priangan
Patching up leakage and other irregularities
Increasing leverage for private estates
The downfall of the free enterprise lobby
The policy dispute continues
Political turmoil at home
V.Unfree labour as a condition for progress
Shifting coffee cultivation to gardens
Mobilizing labour
Expansion of forced labour
Beyond the reach of the government
The obligation to perform coolie labour and the need for tight surveillance
In search of the hidden labour reserve
Indispensability of the chiefs, for the time being
The Priangan variant as a `colonial constant'
Spreading benevolence at home and on Java
VI.The coffee regime under the cultivation system
Note continued: Anew surge in the colonial tribute
Coffee and more
More and more coffee
Approaching the workfloor
The happiness of the innocent
VII.Winding up the Priangan system of governance
`A system that is arbitrary, repressive and secretive'
Taxation, resistance and retribution
Cultivating coffee and growing food
The welfare of the people
Good governance
From protectors to exploiters
The reform operation
Release from servitude
VIII.Eclipse of the coffee regime from the Sunda highlands
The dilemmas of political expediency
A turn for the better?
Impact of the reforms on the peasantry
Establishment of the village system
Shifting the onus of servitude
The contours of a new economic policy
The agrarian underclasses.
Includes bibliographical references (pages 381-401) and index.
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