Austria [electronic resource] : a country study / Federal Research Division, Library of Congress ; edited by Eric Solsten and David E. McClave.

2nd ed.
Washington, D.C. : Federal Research Division, 1994.
Area handbook series. 1057-5294
DA pam ; 550-176.
Area handbook series, 1057-5294
DA pam ; 550-176
Government document
1 online resource (xxxiii, 314 pages) : illustrations, maps.
System Details:
Mode of Access: World Wide Web.
Master and use copy. Digital master created according to Benchmark for Faithful Digital Reproductions of Monographs and Serials, Version 1. Digital Library Federation, December 2002.
The Alpine-Danubian region before the Habsburg dynasty. The Celtic and Roman eras ; The early medieval era ; The Holy Roman Empire and the Duchy of Austria
Rise of the Habsburg empire. The Habsburg dynasty in the late medieval era ; Territorial expansion, division, and consolidation ; The Protestant Reformation in the Habsburg lands ; The Turkish threat
The counter-reformation and the Thirty Years' War. Division and rebellion ; The Thirty Years' War, 1618-48 ; The peace of Westphalia
The baroque era. Political and religious consolidation under Leopold ; The Turkish wars and the siege of Vienna ; The war of the Spanish succession ; The pragmatic sanction and the war of the Austrian succession, 1740-48
The reforms of Maria Theresa and Joseph II. Baroque absolutism and enlightened despotism ; The strategic impact of the reform era
The Habsburg empire and the French revolution. The Napoleonic wars ; The congress of Vienna
Austria in the age of Metternich. International developments, 1815-48 ; Domestic policies
The revolution of 1848 and neoabsolutism. Revolutionary rise and fall ; The failure of neoabsolutism ; Loss of leadership in Germany
Austria-Hungary to the early 1900s. The founding of the dual monarchy ; Final defeat in Germany and reconciliation with Prussia ; The eastern question ; Internal developments in Austria
The final years of the empire and World War I. The crisis over Bosnia and Hercegovina ; World War I ; The end of the Hapsburg empire and the birth of the Austrian republic
The first republic. Overview of the political camps ; The foundation of the first republic ; Political life of the 1920s and early 1930s ; The end of constitutional rule ; Growing German pressure on Austria
The Anschluss and World War II. Absorption of Austria into the Third Reich ; Nazi economic and social policies ; Repression and compliance ; World War II and the defeat of Nazi Germany
Restored independence under Allied occupation. Foundation of the second republic ; Four power occupation and recognition of the provisional government ; The 1945 election and consolidation of the Austrian government ; Consolidation of democracy ; Austria's integration with the West ; The 1955 state treaty and Austrian neutrality
The grand coalition and the Austrian people's party coda, 1955-70. Foreign policy in the late 1950s and the 1960s ; Elections and parties ; Domestic tranquility under the grand coalition
The Kreisky years, 1970-83. Electoral politics in the Kreisky era ; Domestic issues ; Foreign policy ; End of the Kreisky era
Geography. Landform regions ; Human geography ; Climate ; Ecological concerns
Austrian national identity
Demography. Demographic development ; Immigration ; Emigration.
[cont.] Social Minorities. Official minority groups ; Other minorities ; Attitudes toward minorities
Social structure
Family life. Family developments after the 1960s ; Status of women
Social Security. Employment, unemployment, and pension benefits ; Health and health insurance ; Family benefits
Economic growth and government policy. Historical background ; Developments during the 1970s and 1980s ; The new policies ; The magic pentagon ; The subsidy policy ; Foreign workers in Austria
Principal economic interest groups. The chambers of commerce ; The chambers of agriculture ; The chambers of labor ; The professions ; The Austrian trade union federation ; Works councils ; The federation of Austrian industrialists
Social partnership
Structure of the economy. The agricultural sector ; The industrial sector ; Energy ; The services sector
Foreign economic relations. Foreign trade and the balance of payments ; Austria and European integration ; Openings toward the east
Constitutional framework
Government institutions. The federal president ; Chancellor and cabinet ; Nationalrat ; Bundesrat ; Bundesversammlung ; Judicial system ; Civil service ; Provincial government ; Local government ; Electoral system
Political dynamics. The social democratic party of Austria ; The Austrian people's party ; The freedom party of Austria ; The green parties ; Political developments since 1983
Mass media. Newspapers and periodicals ; Radio and television
Foreign relations. Foreign policy during the Kreisky era ; New focus on Europe ; Regional issues
Historical background. The Hapsburg military ; Two world wars, 1914-18 and 1939-45
Strategic concepts and missions of the Austrian armed forces
Neutrality and the armed forces
National defense. Army ; Personnel, conscription, training, and reserves ; Army equipment ; Air force ; Uniforms, ranks, and insignia ; Military justice ; The defense budget ; Domestic and foreign sources of military equipment
Internal security. Penal codes ; Criminal court proceedings ; Police ; Incidence of crime ; Penal system
List of figures. Administrative division of Austria, 1993 ; Europe in the sixteenth century ; Austrian empire, 1815 ; Austria-Hungary, 1867-1918 ; Topography and drainage ; Population by age and gender, 1990 ; Population by age and gender, projected 2020 ; Structure of the education system, 1993 ; Economic activity, 1993 ; Transportation system, 1993 ; Structure of government, 1993 ; Organization of national defense, planned 1995 ; Major military installations, planned 1995 ; Military ranks and insignia, 1993.
Revised edition of: Area handbook for Austria. 1st ed. 1976.
"Research completed December 1993."
Includes bibliographical references (pages 273-286) and index.
Electronic reproduction. [S.l.] : HathiTrust Digital Library, 2010.
Description based on print version record.
Solsten, Eric, 1943-
McClave, David E.
Library of Congress. Federal Research Division.
Other format:
Print version: Austria.
Access Restriction:
Restricted for use by site license.
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