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a| (OCoLC)ELEC622776397 z| (OCoLC)664468842 z| (OCoLC)847798750
a| OCLCE b| eng e| pn c| OCLCE d| OCLCQ d| LLMC2 d| ZSL d| OCLCF d| OCLCQ d| OCLCA
a| DB17 b| .A8 1994
a| D410.A732 b| A97 1994
a| DB17.A8 b| 1994
a| 0327-J (online)
a| 943 2| 20
a| D 101.22:550-176/994
a| Austria h| [electronic resource] : b| a country study / c| Federal Research Division, Library of Congress ; edited by Eric Solsten and David E. McClave.
a| 2nd ed.
a| Washington, D.C. : b| Federal Research Division, c| 1994.
a| 1 online resource (xxxiii, 314 pages) : b| illustrations, maps.
a| text b| txt 2| rdacontent
a| computer b| c 2| rdamedia
a| online resource b| cr 2| rdacarrier
a| Area handbook series, x| 1057-5294
a| DA pam ; v| 550-176
a| Revised edition of: Area handbook for Austria. 1st ed. 1976.
a| "Research completed December 1993."
a| Includes bibliographical references (pages 273-286) and index.
a| The Alpine-Danubian region before the Habsburg dynasty. The Celtic and Roman eras ; The early medieval era ; The Holy Roman Empire and the Duchy of Austria -- Rise of the Habsburg empire. The Habsburg dynasty in the late medieval era ; Territorial expansion, division, and consolidation ; The Protestant Reformation in the Habsburg lands ; The Turkish threat -- The counter-reformation and the Thirty Years' War. Division and rebellion ; The Thirty Years' War, 1618-48 ; The peace of Westphalia -- The baroque era. Political and religious consolidation under Leopold ; The Turkish wars and the siege of Vienna ; The war of the Spanish succession ; The pragmatic sanction and the war of the Austrian succession, 1740-48 -- The reforms of Maria Theresa and Joseph II. Baroque absolutism and enlightened despotism ; The strategic impact of the reform era -- The Habsburg empire and the French revolution. The Napoleonic wars ; The congress of Vienna -- Austria in the age of Metternich. International developments, 1815-48 ; Domestic policies -- The revolution of 1848 and neoabsolutism. Revolutionary rise and fall ; The failure of neoabsolutism ; Loss of leadership in Germany -- Austria-Hungary to the early 1900s. The founding of the dual monarchy ; Final defeat in Germany and reconciliation with Prussia ; The eastern question ; Internal developments in Austria -- The final years of the empire and World War I. The crisis over Bosnia and Hercegovina ; World War I ; The end of the Hapsburg empire and the birth of the Austrian republic -- The first republic. Overview of the political camps ; The foundation of the first republic ; Political life of the 1920s and early 1930s ; The end of constitutional rule ; Growing German pressure on Austria -- The Anschluss and World War II. Absorption of Austria into the Third Reich ; Nazi economic and social policies ; Repression and compliance ; World War II and the defeat of Nazi Germany -- Restored independence under Allied occupation. Foundation of the second republic ; Four power occupation and recognition of the provisional government ; The 1945 election and consolidation of the Austrian government ; Consolidation of democracy ; Austria's integration with the West ; The 1955 state treaty and Austrian neutrality -- The grand coalition and the Austrian people's party coda, 1955-70. Foreign policy in the late 1950s and the 1960s ; Elections and parties ; Domestic tranquility under the grand coalition -- The Kreisky years, 1970-83. Electoral politics in the Kreisky era ; Domestic issues ; Foreign policy ; End of the Kreisky era -- Geography. Landform regions ; Human geography ; Climate ; Ecological concerns -- Austrian national identity -- Demography. Demographic development ; Immigration ; Emigration.
a| [cont.] Social Minorities. Official minority groups ; Other minorities ; Attitudes toward minorities -- Social structure -- Family life. Family developments after the 1960s ; Status of women -- Religion -- Education -- Social Security. Employment, unemployment, and pension benefits ; Health and health insurance ; Family benefits -- Housing -- Economic growth and government policy. Historical background ; Developments during the 1970s and 1980s ; The new policies ; The magic pentagon ; The subsidy policy ; Foreign workers in Austria -- Principal economic interest groups. The chambers of commerce ; The chambers of agriculture ; The chambers of labor ; The professions ; The Austrian trade union federation ; Works councils ; The federation of Austrian industrialists -- Social partnership -- Structure of the economy. The agricultural sector ; The industrial sector ; Energy ; The services sector -- Foreign economic relations. Foreign trade and the balance of payments ; Austria and European integration ; Openings toward the east -- Constitutional framework -- Government institutions. The federal president ; Chancellor and cabinet ; Nationalrat ; Bundesrat ; Bundesversammlung ; Judicial system ; Civil service ; Provincial government ; Local government ; Electoral system -- Political dynamics. The social democratic party of Austria ; The Austrian people's party ; The freedom party of Austria ; The green parties ; Political developments since 1983 -- Mass media. Newspapers and periodicals ; Radio and television -- Foreign relations. Foreign policy during the Kreisky era ; New focus on Europe ; Regional issues -- Historical background. The Hapsburg military ; Two world wars, 1914-18 and 1939-45 -- Strategic concepts and missions of the Austrian armed forces -- Neutrality and the armed forces -- National defense. Army ; Personnel, conscription, training, and reserves ; Army equipment ; Air force ; Uniforms, ranks, and insignia ; Military justice ; The defense budget ; Domestic and foreign sources of military equipment -- Internal security. Penal codes ; Criminal court proceedings ; Police ; Incidence of crime ; Penal system -- List of figures. Administrative division of Austria, 1993 ; Europe in the sixteenth century ; Austrian empire, 1815 ; Austria-Hungary, 1867-1918 ; Topography and drainage ; Population by age and gender, 1990 ; Population by age and gender, projected 2020 ; Structure of the education system, 1993 ; Economic activity, 1993 ; Transportation system, 1993 ; Structure of government, 1993 ; Organization of national defense, planned 1995 ; Major military installations, planned 1995 ; Military ranks and insignia, 1993.
a| Restricted for use by site license.
a| Electronic reproduction. b| [S.l.] : c| HathiTrust Digital Library, d| 2010. 5| MiAaHDL
a| Mode of Access: World Wide Web.
a| Master and use copy. Digital master created according to Benchmark for Faithful Digital Reproductions of Monographs and Serials, Version 1. Digital Library Federation, December 2002. u| http://purl.oclc.org/DLF/benchrepro0212 5| MiAaHDL
a| digitized c| 2010 h| HathiTrust Digital Library l| committed to preserve 2| pda 5| MiAaHDL
a| Description based on print version record.
a| Solsten, Eric, d| 1943-
a| McClave, David E.
a| Library of Congress. b| Federal Research Division.
a| Area handbook for Austria.
i| Print version: t| Austria. b| 2nd ed. d| Washington, D.C. : Federal Research Division,  w| (DLC) 94021665 w| (OCoLC)30664988
a| Area handbook series. x| 1057-5294
a| DA pam ; v| 550-176.
u| http://hdl.library.upenn.edu/1017.12/1535861 z| Connect to full text
b| web h| -