Ainu [electronic resource] : AB06.
- New Haven, Conn. : Human Relations Area Files, 2009-
- eHRAF world cultures. Asia.
eHRAF world cultures
Ethnology -- Japan.
Ethnology -- Russia (Federation) -- Sakhalin (Sakhalinskai︠a︡ oblastʹ)
Japan -- Civilization.
Sakhalin (Sakhalinskai︠a︡ oblastʹ, Russia) -- Civilization.
Russia (Federation) -- Sakhalin (Sakhalinskai͡a oblastʹ).
- This collection about the Ainu consists of 8 documents, all in English, including three books which were translated from Japanese. The collection contains a variety of cultural and historical information from two widely contrasting time periods. The first covers the years 1877 to 1924 when most Ainu were living in their traditional homeland in southern Sakhalin. The second is from the 1960s-1970s after the Ainu almost disappeared as a distinct group following their relocation in the Hokkaidō Island by the Japanese government during World War II. The oldest materials in the collection were compiled by Batchelor, an English missionary who lived among the Ainu for fifty years in 1877-1924; Pilsudski, a German ethnologist who conducted fieldwork there from 1895-1905; and Munro, an English physician who lived in Japan in 1900-1942. These works provide firsthand accounts of pre-relocation Ainu culture and society, covering religion, ceremonials, mythology, folklore, economic activities, life cycles, and health issues. Three of the books in the collection were authored by Japanese scholars focusing on Japanese conquest and assimilation of the Ainu (Takakura), ecological and economic effects of relocation (Watanabe), and features of Ainu kinship system (Sugiura). The remaining two books are by Ohnuki-Tierney, an American anthropologist who, in 1965-1969, sought to retrospectively reconstruct the "Ainu way of life" through extensive ethnographic fieldwork among elderly informants in Sakhalin. Ohnuki-Tierney's works, which also provide extensive review of previous works on the Ainu in Sakhalin, Hokkaidō and the neighboring islands, are the most comprehensive sources. Ainu people who lived in Kurile and the other islands taken over by the USSR during World War II are not covered in the collection.
- Ainu life and lore / John Batchelor
Ainu creed and cult / Neil Gordon Munro, edited with a preface and an additional chapter by B. Z. Seligman, introduction by H. Watanabe
Culture summary, Ainu ; Ainu of the northwest coast of southern Sakhalin ; Illness and healing among the Sakhalin Ainu / Emiko Ohnuki-Tierney
Pregnancy, birth and miscarriage among the inhabitants of Sakhalin Island (Gilyak and Ainu) / Bronislaw Pilsudski, translated from the German by Richard Neuse
Kinship organization of the Saru Ainu / Kenichi Sugiura and Harumi Befu
Ainu of northern Japan / Shinichiro Takakura; translated and annotated by John A. Harrison
Ainu / Hitoshi Watanabe.
- Title from Web page (viewed Apr. 6, 2010).
This portion of eHRAF world cultures was last updated in 2009 and is a revision and update of the microfiche file.
- Befu, Harumi.
Human Relations Area Files, inc.
- Batchelor, John, 1854-1944. Ainu life and lore.
Munro, Neil Gordon, 1863-1942. Ainu creed and cult.
Ohnuki-Tierney, Emiko. Culture summary, Ainu.
Ohnuki-Tierney, Emiko. Ainu of the northwest coast of southern Sakhalin.
Ohnuki-Tierney, Emiko. Illness and healing among the Sakhalin Ainu.
Piłsudski, Bronisław. Schwangerschaft, Entbindung und Fehlgeburt bei den Bewohnern der Insel Sachalin (Gilyaken und Ainu). English.
Sugiura, Kenʼichi. Kinship organization of the Saru Ainu.
Takakura, Shin'ichirō, 1902-1990. Ainu seisaku shi. English.
Watanabe, Hitoshi, 1919-1998. Ainu.
- Access Restriction:
- Restricted for use by site license.
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