Persecution and rescue : the politics of the "Final Solution" in France, 1940-1944 / Wolfgang Seibel ; translated by Ciaran Cronin.
- Standardized Title:
- Macht und Moral. English
- Ann Arbor : University of Michigan Press, 2016.
xx, 417 pages ; 24 cm
- Jews -- Persecutions -- France -- History -- 20th century.
Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945) -- France.
France -- History -- German occupation, 1940-1945.
France -- Politics and government -- 1940-1945.
German Occupation of France (1940-1945).
Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945).
Jews -- Persecutions.
Politics and government.
- In 1942, two years after invading France, the Germans implemented their policy of exterminating the Jews. In contrast to Jews in many parts of German-occupied Europe, however, the majority of Jews in France survived, thanks to opposition to the Nazi extermination policy from Church dignitaries and the moral indignation of the average Frenchmen. Seeking to maintain popular support, the Vichy Regime bargained with the Germans over the substance and extent of its collaboration, which the Germans needed in order to hold France. Drawing on German and French sources, Wolfgang Seibel traces the twisted process of political decision-making that shaped the fate of the Jews in German-occupied France during World War II. By analyzing the German-French negotiations, he reveals the underlying logic as well as the actual course of the bargaining process as both the Vichy Regime and the Germans sought a stable relationship. Yet that relationship was continually reshaped by the progress of the war, Germany's deteriorating prospects, France's economic and geopolitical position, and the Vichy government's quest for domestic political support. The Jews' suffering intensified when the Germans had the upper hand; but when the French felt empowered, the Vichy Regime stopped collaborating in the completion of the "final solution." This book demonstrates the ways in which political circumstances can mitigate-or foster-mass crime.
- Introduction: Power, Power Sharing, and Mass Crimes
Part I: Power-Sharing Occupation Administration and Persecution of the Jews
German Occupation and the Persecution of the Jews in Western Europe, 1940-1944
The German Occupation Administration in France after the Armistice of 22 June 1940
The French Government and Administration and the "Collaboration"
Establishing a Machinery of Persecution
Part II: The SS as Political Actor
The SS in the Power Struggle with the Wehrmacht Administration, 1941-1942
Sectoral Balance of Power and State Collaboration in the Persecution of the Jews : the Oberg-Bousquet Agreement of August 1942
Part III: Erosion of Power and the Emergence of Resistance
The Protest of the Christian Churches and the Suspension of Eichmann's Deportation Plan
Another Attempt : the Project of a Denaturalization Law
Italy's Stance and Its Repercussions for the Persecution Measures against the Jews in France
Part IV: Strategic Occupation Policy and the "Final Solution to the Jewish Question"
Safeguarding the Collaboration at the Expense of the "Final Solution"
The Failure of the Denaturalization Law
"Wild" Persecution of Jews
Conclusion: Negotiated Mass Crime and the Power of Morality
Short Biographies of the Key Actors.
- Includes bibliographical references and index.
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