Explains dispute over section 401 of the Clean Water Act (CWA), which requires that applicants for Federal licenses or permits provide certification that any discharges from their facility will comply with CWA water quality standards. Reviews stakeholder concerns and related court rulings, legislative activity to address the issue, and concerns regarding State authority over land runoff.
Record is based on bibliographic data in ProQuest U.S. Congressional Research Digital Collection (last viewed Dec. 2010). Reuse except for individual research requires license from ProQuest, LLC. CRS Report.
Microfiche version: Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service. Clean Water Act Section 401