What is a philanthropist? Why do they do what they do? What impact do they have? What makes them tick? What in their personal biographies, their communities, their backgrounds, and their moment in time drove them to devote so much time to giving so much money away? Great Philanthropists provides an over-arching view of the development, goals and achievements of philanthropy around the world over the 'long nineteenth century, ' the period in which organized philanthropy became a global movement. It examines how philanthropists make choices about which causes to support, their strategies for doing good, and the impact they have had. The studies include men and women (like Ei'ichi Shibusawa and Betty de Rothschild) from the USA, the UK, Germany, Portugal, South Africa, and Japan; and those who were self-made or who inherited wealth, Jews and Christians, even a monarch, King Edward VII. The book is prefaced with an introductory essay by the leading historian of wealth and the wealthy, Professor W.D. Rubinstein, that provides a magisterial overview of the whole phenomenon of 'mega-philanthropy' since the early 19th century. It shows how these case studies illuminate the great themes of motivation: faith, fear, hope, humanity and culture. Readable and informative, this collection offers an insight into the minds of the world's richest people and shows how individual acts of charity can change society.
List of contributors Preface / Peter Mandler Introduction / William D. Rubinstein Nathaniel Mayer, First Lord Rothschild / Klaus Weber Sir Moses Montefiore / Abigail Green Betty de Rothschild: minister of charity? / Claire/Amandine Soulé Gifts and recognition: philanthropists in the cities of the Rhineland and Westphalia during the Kaiserreich / Stephen Pielhoff Sammy Marks / Richard Mendelsohn Ei'ichi Shibusawa: father of Japan's modernisation / Hideko Katsumata King Edward VII: the impresario of the plutocracy / Frank Prochaska Andrew Mellon: making money and giving it away / David Cannadine Calouste Gulbenkian and his foundation / Jonathan Conlin Index.