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The problem of bureaucratic rationality [electronic resource] : tax politics in Japan / Junko Kato.

Author/Creator:
Kato, Junko, 1961-
Publication:
Princeton, N.J. : Princeton University Press, c1994.
Format/Description:
Book
1 online resource (342 p.)
Edition:
Course Book
Status/Location:
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Other records:
Subjects:
Bureaucracy -- Japan.
Civil service -- Japan.
Taxation -- Japan.
Form/Genre:
Electronic books.
Language:
English
Summary:
Through a detailed account of the political battles over Japanese tax reform during the last two decades, Junko Kato draws an unconventional portrait of bureaucratic motivation, showing how fiscal bureaucrats exploit their unique technical knowledge to influence policymaking. Rejecting the notion that the monopolization of policy expertise leads to bureaucratic domination, Kato contends that bureaucrats seek to increase their influence upon politicians by strategically sharing information. She also explores the reason for the relative strength of the bureaucratic organization in comparison to the governing party, whose interest in reelections and intra-party politics may pose dilemmas for individual politicians.In 1989, the Japanese Diet enacted a broad-based consumption tax after two failed attempts and in the face of widespread public disapproval. Its passage was all the more remarkable for coming just as a series of dramatic financial scandals had begun to undermine popular support for the ruling Liberal Democratic Party, fore-shadowing its fall from power four years later. Kato argues that skillful maneuvering by the Ministry of Finance, determined to ensure stable long-term revenues, was decisive in persuading a majority of legislators to oppose their constituents in endorsing an unpopular program of tax reform. Her careful analysis of the Japanese case holds important implications for the study of bureaucratic power and public policy in advanced industrial democracies elsewhere in East Asia and the West.
Contents:
Front matter
Contents
Tables
Acknowledgments
Note on Conventions
Abbreviations
Introduction
CHAPTER ONE. Bureaucratic Rationality and Strategic Behavior: The Framework
CHAPTER TWO. Bureaucratic Rationality and Strategic Behavior: Japanese Tax Reform
CHAPTER THREE0. Lessons for Bureaucrats: From the Proposal for a Tax Increase in the Late 1970's to Fiscal Reconstruction without a Tax Increase in the Early 1980's
CHAPTER FOUR. Reframing the Tax Issue: The Ministry of Finance's Fiscal and Tax Policies in the Early 1980's
CHAPTER FIVE. The Tax Reform Proposal in the mid-1980's: Uneasy Cooperation between Prime Minister Nakasone and the Ministry of Finance
CHAPTER SIX. The Third Attempt: Introduction of the Consumption Tax and the Securities Trading Scandal
CHAPTER SEVEN. Conclusion: Bureaucracy, Party, and the Power of Rationality
Notes
Bibliography
Chronology of the Tax Reform Process from 1975 to 1991
Index
Notes:
Description based upon print version of record.
Includes bibliographical references (p. 287-303) and index.
ISBN:
1-282-75212-X
9786612752124
1-4008-2155-X
1-4008-1226-7
OCLC:
681193693
Publisher Number:
10.1515/9781400821556 doi