The Middle East is constantly in the news and is a major focus for international conflict. This book attempts to explain why this is so. It covers the crucial period after 1914, when the Ottoman empire was defeated and its provinces taken over by Britain and France, ending in 1958, when the Iraqi revolution finally ended British influence in the region. It describes both British and French policies and the reactions of Arabs and Jews. - ;The term 'Fertile Crescent' is commonly used as shorthand for the group of territories extending around the Rivers Tigris and Euphrates. Here it is assumed to
Pt. 1. Before the mandates, 1900-1922 The decline of the Ottoman Empire in the Middle East and the 'Arab Awakening' before 1914 War and the partition of the Ottoman Empire, 1914-1922 Pt. 2. Alien rule and nationalist reactions, 1918-1958 Britain in Mesopotamia/Iraq, 1918-1958 Palestine : Zionism and the genesis of the mandate Palestine : the British mandate, 1918-1948 Transjordan, 1918-1956 Syria and the French, 1918-1946 Lebanon and the French, 1918-1946 Pt. 3. Conclusions.
Description based upon print version of record. Includes bibliographical references (p. -357) and index.