Franklin

How Economics Shapes Science / Paula Stephan.

Other records:
Author/Creator:
Stephan, Paula, author.
Publication:
Cambridge, MA : Harvard University Press, [2012]
Format/Description:
Book
1 online resource (384 p.)
Subjects:
Research -- Economic aspects.
Science and state.
Form/Genre:
Electronic books.
Language:
English
Summary:
The beauty of science may be pure and eternal, but the practice of science costs money. And scientists, being human, respond to incentives and costs, in money and glory. Choosing a research topic, deciding what papers to write and where to publish them, sticking with a familiar area or going into something new-the payoff may be tenure or a job at a highly ranked university or a prestigious award or a bump in salary. The risk may be not getting any of that.At a time when science is seen as an engine of economic growth, Paula Stephan brings a keen understanding of the ongoing cost-benefit calculations made by individuals and institutions as they compete for resources and reputation. She shows how universities offload risks by increasing the percentage of non-tenure-track faculty, requiring tenured faculty to pay salaries from outside grants, and staffing labs with foreign workers on temporary visas. With funding tight, investigators pursue safe projects rather than less fundable ones with uncertain but potentially path-breaking outcomes. Career prospects in science are increasingly dismal for the young because of ever-lengthening apprenticeships, scarcity of permanent academic positions, and the difficulty of getting funded.Vivid, thorough, and bold, How Economics Shapes Science highlights the growing gap between the haves and have-nots-especially the vast imbalance between the biomedical sciences and physics/engineering-and offers a persuasive vision of a more productive, more creative research system that would lead and benefit the world.
Contents:
Frontmatter
Contents
Figures and Tables
Preface
Abbreviations
Chapter One. What Does Economics Have To Do with Science?
Chapter Two. Puzzles and Priority
Chapter Three. Money
Chapter Four. The Production of Research: People and Patterns of Collaboration
Chapter Five. The Production of Research: Equipment and Materials
Chapter Six. Funding for Research
Chapter Seven. The Market for Scientists and Engineers
Chapter Eight. The Foreign Born
Chapter Nine. The Relationship of Science to Economic Growth
Chapter Ten. Can We Do Better?
Appendix
Notes
References
Acknowledgments
Index
Notes:
Bibliographic Level Mode of Issuance: Monograph
Includes bibliographical references and index.
Description based on online resource; title from PDF title page (publisher's Web site, viewed 08. Jul 2019)
ISBN:
0-674-06275-2
OCLC:
773672024
Publisher Number:
10.4159/harvard.9780674062757 doi
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