Global status report on road safety 2013 : supporting a decade of action.

World Health Organization Violence and Injury Prevention, Corporate Author
Geneva : World Health Organization, [2013]
1 online resource (316 p.)

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In 2010 Member States at the United Nations General Assembly unanimously adopted a Resolution proclaiming a Decade of Action for Road Safety (2011 - 2020). The extent of support for this resolution by Member States indicates a growing awareness of the scale and devastation of road traffic injuries as a global public health and development concern. This Report which establishes the baseline burden of road traffic crashes and the status of global road safety efforts at the start of the Decade of Action shows that 1.26 million people were killed on the world's roads in 2010. This is unacceptably
Cover; Contents; Preface; Acknowledgements; Executive summary; Background; The Decade of Action for Road Safety; The purpose of this report; Methodology; Section 1. The current state of global road safety; Many countries have successfully reduced the number of deaths on their roads, while deaths are increasing in others; Middle-income countries are hardest hit; The African Region has the highest road traffic fatality rate; Half of all road traffic deaths are among pedestrians, cyclists and motorcyclists; Almost 60% of road traffic deaths are among 15-44 year olds
Non-fatal crash injuries are poorly documented Harmonizing data collection on road traffic deaths; Section 2. New road safety laws: progress to date; Reducing speed; Progress to reduce excessive speed has stalled; Reducing urban speeds protects pedestrians and cyclists; Speed limits need stronger enforcement; Reducing drinking and driving; Drink-drive laws should be based on blood alcohol concentration levels; Strong drink-drive laws protect almost 70% of world's population; More stringent drink-drive laws for high-risk drivers; Drink-drive laws need stronger enforcement
Almost half of all countries lack of data on alcohol-related road traffic deaths Increasing motorcycle helmet use; Head injuries among motorcyclists are a growing concern; More effort is needed to promote helmet standards and quality; Data on helmet use is weak; Increasing seat-belt use; Progress has been made in tightening up seat-belt laws; Enforcing seat-belt laws needs more emphasis; Only half of countries collect seat-belt wearing data; Increasing the use of child restraints; More countries need to adopt child restraint use; Encouraging child restraint use
Lead agencies are vital to developing a national road safety strategy Involving multiple sectors in national road safety efforts is critical; National road safety strategies should include targets to minimize injuries, deaths and key risk factors; Section 3. Transport policies neglect pedestrians and cyclists; Governments need to make walking and cycling safe; Safer roads reduce crash likelihood and severity; Action is needed to make vehicles safer for non-car road users; Public transport can make mobility safer and reduce congestion; Conclusions and recommendations; References
Explanatory notes Methodology, data collection and validation; Country profile explanations; Estimating global road traffic deaths; Country Profiles; Statistical Annex
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Includes bibliographical references.
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World Health Organization, issuing body.