Psychology in Prisons illustrates how a knowledge of psychological principles can lead to a better understanding of the prison environment and the problems that occur within it. The authors show how psychology can be used to increase understanding of prisoners and to deal with day-to-day problems in prison life. They focus on key problem areas such as sex offenders, violent criminals and the issue of AIDS. The book also explores the effects of the prison environment on staff and suggests means of reducing the levels of stress.
Cover; Title; Copyright Page; Contents; 1 Psychology and its role in prisons; Isn't everyone a psychologist?; Psychology and its role in prisons; Psychology in prisons: the layout of this book; 2 Criminal behaviour-how it develops; Early environment; Heredity; Socio-economic status; Current living circumstances; Crises and negative events; Summary; 3 Understanding sex offenders; The development of sexual interests; Differences in sexual attitudes; Indecent exposure; Sexual assault and rape; Sexual offences involving children; Incest; Homosexuality; Prostitution; Sex offenders in prison Summary4 Alcohol and drugs-their role in criminal behaviour; Good and bad drugs: good and bad uses; Types of drug; Alcohol, drugs and crime; Coming off drugs; Reducing the risks; Alcohol and drug use in prison staff; Summary; 5 Understanding violence and aggression; Key words; Kinds of aggression; Learning aggression with a purpose; Gains from aggression; What makes people aggressive?; Summary; 6 Psychological disturbance in prison; Loss of control; Loss of family; Lack of stimulation; Loss of models; Psychological disturbance; Summary; 7 The impact of AIDS on prison life; What is AIDS? How AIDS is passed onFear of infection; Who is at risk?; How can we know who is infected?; Detecting the AIDS virus; What the HIV test can and cannot tell; How do we tell when someone has AIDS?; How can we protect ourselves?; Taking precautions; Controlling AIDS; The prisoner and AIDS; Summary; 8 Communication skills; Improving communication skills; What communication skills are important in prisons?; Giving orders; Handling requests; Writing reports; Summary; 9 Coping with disturbed prisoners; Describing psychological disturbance; Prisoners with learning difficulties; Brain damage; Summary 10 Coping with face-to-face violenceAvoiding the problem; Motives and emotions of aggressors; Taking precautions; Facing aggressive people; Avoid escalation; Behaviour in the violent situation; Staff issues; Summary; 11 Hostage-taking in prisons; The history of hostage-taking; Methods of resolving hostage-taking; Hostage-taking in British prisons; Coping with hostage-taking-first on the scene; Coping with hostage-taking-being a hostage; Coping with hostage-taking-the aftermath; Coping with hostage-taking-other staff; Summary; 12 Stress and working in prisons; The effects of stress Why are prisons stressful places?The need for an optimum level of pressure; Coping with stress; Strategies for stress prevention; Skills for managing stress; Summary; 13 Giving evidence in court; Going to court; Giving evidence; Types of evidence-giving; Summary; Index
Description based upon print version of record. Includes bibliographical references and index.